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Tunnel transmitter

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What is TUNNEL TRANSMITTER? What does TUNNEL TRANSMITTER mean? TUNNEL TRANSMITTER meaning

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[Wikipedia] Tunnel transmitter

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Tunnel diode transmitter

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Remote FM Radio Transmitter Station.

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Zinc 80 Meter CW Transmitter, Actual Sound Heard From Various Distances.

A tunnel transmitter allows wireless reception in tunnels. It consists of a receiving antenna which receives the signal to be radiated in the tunnel, and a transmitting antenna installed in the tunnel, which is either a Yagi antenna or a line antenna. In principle, a tunnel transmitter can work purely passively, in which case the received signal is passed over a cable to the antenna in the tunnel. Active systems, however, are more often used. In some cases the radio frequency inside the tunnel is different from the one used by the broadcaster. More often the program inside is transmitted on the same frequency as outside, in which case the information signal should be demodulated or converted to an intermediate frequency in the outside receiver, and then modulated/shifted back in the transmitter. Otherwise feedback may occur.
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