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10/01/1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

Standard Oil Co. Inc. was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refinery in the world of its time. In 1911, the United States Supreme Court ruled that Standard Oil was an illegal monopoly.


  • Essentials 

  • Founding and early years 

  • 1895–1913 

  • Breakup 

  • Legacy and criticism of breakup 

  • Successor companies 

  • Rights to the name