17/01/1773 Captain James Cook becomes the first to cross Antarctic Circle
The Amazing Life and Strange Death of Captain Cook: Crash Course World History #27
James Cook Second Voyage
His ships, HMS Resolution, and HMS Adventure became separated in the fog. Cook on board Discovery almost encountered the mainland of Antarctica but turned to resupply. Adventure, commanded by Tobias Furneaux, sailed to New Zealand. Furneaux lost some of his men during an encounter with Māori. Then he made his way back to Britain.