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30/01/1995 First approved drug for the causative treatment

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Sickle cell anemia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

The drug is called hydroxyurea, proper chemical term is hydroxycarbamide. Sickle-cell anaemia is an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin inside red blood cells. This leads to a rigid, sickle-like shape of the cells. Hydroxyurea reactivates fetal haemoglobin production in place of the normal haemoglobin.