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17/01/2001 California in world's worst ever energy blackout

The California electricity crisis was a situation in which the United States state of California had a shortage of electricity supply caused by market manipulations, illegal shutdowns of pipelines by the Texas energy consortium Enron, and capped retail electricity prices. Blackouts affect several hundred thousand customers.


  • Essentials 

  • Causes 

  • Some key events 

  • Consequences of wholesale price rises on the retail market 

  • Involvement of Enron 

  • Handling of the crisis