Video encyclopedia

12/02/1955 Baikonur Cosmodrome is founded

The Soviet government issued the decree for Scientific Research Test Range near Baikonur city. It was originally established as a test centre for ICBMs but soon expanded to include launch facilities for space flights. Both Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, and Vostok 1, the first human spaceflight, were launched from Baikonur.