Why Astronauts Have to Go to Kazakhstan to Get into Space
Archival Footage of Yuri Gagarin / Launch of Vostok 1
Launch of Sputnik 1 - October 4, 1957
The Soviet government issued the decree for Scientific Research Test Range near Baikonur city. It was originally established as a test centre for ICBMs but soon expanded to include launch facilities for space flights. Both Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, and Vostok 1, the first human spaceflight, were launched from Baikonur.