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01/03/1956 Soviet Venus landing

Russian space probe Venera 3 crash-landed on the surface of Venus. It was the first landing on the surface of a foreign planet. However, the communication systems of the probe failed before it reached Venus. Venera 3 did not transmit any scientific data. The probe was designed by the Lavochkin Bureau, in contrast to the earlier Soviet probes designed by Sergei Korolev's OKB-1.

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