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16/02/2005 The Kyoto global warming pact goes into effect

International treaty Kyoto Protocol came into effect roughly 7 years after being adopted. It implemented the objective of the UNFCCC - fighting global warming by reducing the concentration of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere to a level that would not be so dangerous for the climate system.


  • Essentials 

  • Background 

  • Objectives 

  • First commitment period: 2008–2012 

  • Flexibility mechanisms 

  • Stabilization of GHG concentrations 

  • Details of the agreement 

  • Ratification process 

  • Government action and emissions 

  • Cost estimates 

  • Views on the Protocol 

  • Conference of the Parties 

  • Amendment and possible successors