The Homestead Act of 1862 Explained: US History Review
The Impact of the Homestead Act of 1862
1862: The Homestead Act
The Homestead Act of 1862 opened up millions of acres. Any adult who had never taken up arms against the U.S. government could apply. Women and immigrants who had applied for citizenship were eligible. The 1866 Act explicitly included black Americans and encouraged them to participate, but rampant discrimination slowed black gains.