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16/05/1960 Laser operated for the first time

American physicist Ted Maiman successfully tested his laser. Its core was made of synthetic ruby which other scientists seeking to make a laser felt would not work. Maiman patented the laser. However, Columbia University graduate student Gordon Gould had simultaneously completedhis own laser design, and it is not clear who was first.


  • Essentials 

  • Fundamentals 

  • Design 

  • Laser physics 

  • Continuous and pulsed modes of operation 

  • History 

  • Types and operating principles 

  • Uses 

  • Safety