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470 BCE Philosopher Socrates is born

He is considered a founder of western philosophy. His predecessors, the pre-Socratics, were interested in explanations of natural phenomena, including the origin of the universe. Socrates, however, shifted the main interest of philosophers towards human mind and society. Socrates himself did not left any writings. He is known from the writings of his students.


  • Essentials 

  • Personal 

  • Socratic problem 

  • Biography 

  • Philosophy 

  • Satirical playwrights 

  • Prose sources 

  • Legacy