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07/07/1980 Iran adopts sharia law

3:48

Today in History: Happy Sharia Law Day! Iran imposes fundamentalist Islamic moral codes (1980)

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Sharia law is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. It has been described as "one of the major intellectual achievements of Islam" and its importance in Islam has been compared to that of theology in Christianity.
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    • Essentials 

    • Contemporary usage 

    • Etymology 

    • Use in religious texts 

    • Historical origins 

    • Traditional jurisprudence (''fiqh'') 

    • Principles of jurisprudence (''uṣūl al-fiqh'') 

    • Sources of Sharia 

    • Ijtihad 

    • Decision types (''aḥkām'') 

    • Branches of law 

    • Schools of law 

    • Jurists 

    • Courts 

    • Socio-political context 

    • Women, non-Muslims, slaves 

    • Under colonial rule 

    • Ottoman empire 

    • Nation states 

    • Islamization 

    • Criminal law 

    • Muslim-minority countries 

    • Court procedures 

    • Criminal cases 

    • Civil cases 

    • Role of fatwas 

    • Role of ''hisba'' 

    • Support 

    • Opposition 

    • General Muslim views 

    • Islamic political theories 

    • European Court of Human Rights 

    • Compatibility with human rights 

    • Blasphemy 

    • Apostasy 

    • LGBT rights 

    • Terrorism 

    • Domestic violence 

    • Personal status laws and child marriage 

    • Women's property rights 

    • Slavery 

    • Jewish law 

    • Western legal systems