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19/07/1870 Napoleon III starts Franco-German War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia that started in July 1870. The conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power.


  • Essentials 

  • Causes 

  • Opposing forces 

  • French Army incursion 

  • Prussian Army advance 

  • The war of the Government of National Defence 

  • The war at sea 

  • Aftermath 

  • Subsequent events 

  • French and German studies