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Geology of Malawi

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Tourmaline mineral in Malawi 24 carats

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Rift Valley Formation

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"Kande geological formation - Malawi" Cookieluc's photos around Chintheche, Malawi

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RHUL Malawi 2013

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MSc Hydrogeology at University of Strathclyde

The geology of Malawi formed on extremely ancient crystalline basement rock, which was metamorphosed and intruded by igneous rocks during several orogeny mountain building events in the past one billion years. The rocks of the Karoo Supergroup and newer sedimentary units deposited across much of Malawi in the last 251 million years, in connection with a large rift basin on the supercontinent Gondwana and the more recent rifting that has created the East African Rift, which holds Lake Malawi. The country has extensive mineral reserves, many of them poorly understand or not exploited, including coal, vermiculite, rare earth elements and bauxite.
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    • Stratigraphy & geologic history 

    • Structural geology & tectonics 

    • Hydrogeology 

    • Natural resource geology