01/12/1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
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The Duke of Braganza, one of the great native noblemen and a descendant of King Manuel I, was proclaimed King of Portugal as John IV on 1 December 1640, and a war of independence against Spain was launched. The governors of Ceuta did not accept the new king; rather, they maintained their allegiance to Philip III.
Al Andalus (711–868)
Naval exploration and Portuguese Empire (15th–16th centuries)
1580 succession crisis, Iberian Union and decline of the Empire