Roots is an American television miniseries based on Alex Haley's 1976 novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family. The series first aired on ABC. Roots received 37 Primetime Emmy Award nominations and won 9. It also won a Golden Globe and a Peabody Award. It received unprecedented Nielsen ratings for the finale, which still holds a record as the 3rd highest-rated episode for any type of television series.