What Is France’s ‘Gilets Jaunes’ or ‘Yellow Vests’ Protest Movement?
Yellow Vests: Is the symbol spreading across Europe? - BBC News
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Police crack down as ‘yellow vest’ movement unearths French malaise
The yellow vests movement or yellow jackets movement is a populist, grassroots political movement for economic justice that began in France in November 2018. After an online petition posted in May had attracted nearly a million signatures, mass demonstrations began on 17 November. The movement is motivated by rising fuel prices, a high cost of living, and claims that a disproportionate burden of the government's tax reforms were falling on the working and middle classes, especially in rural and peri-urban areas. The protesters have called for lower fuel taxes, a reintroduction of the solidarity tax on wealth, a minimum-wage increase, the implementation of Citizens' initiative referendums, and the resignations of Emmanuel Macron, President of France, and his government.