17/08/1977 Icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole
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Arktika is a retired nuclear-powered icebreaker of the Soviet Arktika class. In service from 1975 to 2008, she was the first surface ship to reach the North Pole, a feat achieved in 1977 during an expedition dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Great October.