Turkey: overview of the string of military coups in the country since 1960
Türkiye marks anniversary of 1960 coup
May 27, 1960: A dark day in Turkish history
Turkey 1960 Coup Anniversary: Hakki Ocal, Political Analyst
The 1960 Turkish coup d'état was the first coup d'état in the Republic of Turkey. The coup was staged by a group of 38 young Turkish military officers, acting outside the Staff Chiefs' chain of command. It was orchestrated by Alparslan Türkeş and ultimately led on May 27, 1960 by General Cemal Gürsel, against the democratically-elected government of the Democrat Party, which had become increasingly authoritarian towards the end of its ten-year rule.
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