Video encyclopedia



Modern Art - 10 Architecture: Brutalism


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What is Brutalism?


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Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century. The term originates from the French word for "raw", as Le Corbusier described his choice of material béton brut, meaning raw concrete in French. Architects Alison and Peter Smithson introduced the term "Brutalism" to the English-speaking world in the 1950s and it became more widely used after British architectural critic Reyner Banham titled his 1966 book, The New Brutalism, using the term "Brutalism" to identify the style.
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  • History 

  • Characteristics 

  • Designers 

  • On university campuses 

  • Criticism and reception 

  • Brutalism today