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1968 Polish political crisis


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The Polish 1968 political crisis, also known in Poland as March 1968 or March events, pertains to a series of major student, intellectual and other protests against the government of the Polish People's Republic. The crisis resulted in the suppression of student strikes by security forces in all major academic centres across the country and the subsequent repression of the Polish dissident movement. It was also accompanied by mass emigration following an antisemitic campaign waged by the minister of internal affairs, General Mieczysław Moczar, with the approval of First Secretary Władysław Gomułka of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR). The protests coincided with the events of the Prague Spring in neighboring Czechoslovakia – raising new hopes of democratic reforms among the intelligentsia. The unrest culminated in the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia on 20 August 1968.
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    • Background 

    • Reaction to Arab–Israeli war of 1967 

    • Protest in Warsaw 

    • Student- and intellectual-led movement 

    • Repressions 

    • Anti-Jewish mobilization and purges, party politics 

    • Emigration of Polish citizens of Jewish origin 

    • Termination of the "anti-Zionist" campaign 

    • Consequences of the events of 1968 

    • Aftermath