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Caliphate

9:09

The Spread of the Caliphate: The Islamic State (Part 1)

8:59

Christians in the Caliphate: The Islamic State

42:32

The Islamic State (Full Length)

9:43

Islamic State: What do young British Muslims think about the Caliphate?

10:46

Grooming Children for Jihad: The Islamic State

A caliphate is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph, a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community). Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). In the fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, the rulers of the Ottoman Empire claimed caliphal authority from 1517. During the history of Islam, a few other Muslim states, almost all hereditary monarchies, have claimed to be caliphates.