Video encyclopedia


Board games

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to have originated in India sometime before the 7th century. The game was derived from the Indian game chaturanga, which is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi. Chess reached Europe by the 9th century, due to the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. The pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the rules were standardized in the 19th century.


  • Rules 

  • History 

  • Notation for recording moves 

  • Strategy and tactics 

  • Phases 

  • Place in culture 

  • Composition 

  • Competitive play 

  • Publications 

  • Mathematics and computers 

  • Psychology 

  • Variants