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Video encyclopedia

Claustrophobia

1:58

Five Helpful Tips for Claustrophobia During an MRI

2:04

Coping with Claustrophobia? How to get an MRI Despite Your Fears.

3:39

MRI and Claustrophobia

1:59

Bringing a “Buddy” Helps Claustrophobic MRI Patients

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How to Recognize Claustrophobia Symptoms

Claustrophobia is the fear of being enclosed in a small space or room and unable to escape. It can be triggered by many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, hotel rooms with closed doors and sealed windows, small cars and even tight-necked clothing. It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder, which often results in panic attacks. The onset of claustrophobia has been attributed to many factors, including a reduction in the size of the amygdala, classical conditioning, or a genetic predisposition to fear small spaces.
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  • Signs and symptoms 

  • Causes 

  • Amygdala 

  • Conditioning experiences 

  • Diagnosis 

  • Scale 

  • Questionnaire 

  • Cognitive therapy 

  • ''In vivo'' exposure 

  • Interoceptive exposure 

  • MRI procedure 

  • Use of virtual reality distraction to reduce claustrophobia 

  • Separating the fear of restriction and fear of suffocation 

  • Probability ratings in claustrophobic patients and non-claustrophobics