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Communist Party of China


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Explained: China's Communist Party

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the founding and sole ruling party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The CCP was founded in 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. Mao Zedong was a founding member of the party and rose through its ranks to become its leader and chairman in 1943. The CCP under his leadership emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War against the Kuomintang, and in 1949 Mao proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Since then, the CCP has governed China as the leader of the United Front coalition with eight other parties, and has sole control over the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party outlines the ideological beliefs of the party, collectively referred to as Socialism with Chinese characteristics, which consist of Marxism–Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development, and Xi Jinping Thought. Each successive leader of the CCP has added their own theories and beliefs to the party's constitution. As of 2021, the CCP has more than 95 million members, making it the second largest political party by party membership in the world after the Bharatiya Janata Party based in India.
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    • Founding and early history (1921–1927) 

    • Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War (1927–1949) 

    • Founding the PRC and becoming the sole ruling party (1949–present) 

    • Ideology 

    • Formal ideology 

    • Economics 

    • Collective leadership 

    • Democratic centralism 

    • Shuanggui 

    • Multi-Party Cooperation System 

    • Central organization 

    • Lower-level organizations 

    • Members 

    • Communist Youth League 

    • Symbols 

    • Communist parties 

    • Ruling parties of socialist states 

    • Non-communist parties