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Crimean Peninsula

2:34

Ukraine Crisis: Russia Seizes Control of Crimean Peninsula

1:45

Russia and Ukraine clash in waters off the Crimean Peninsula

2:34

How Putin Annexed Crimea From Ukraine

3:44

Crimea: Three years after annexation - BBC News

2:09

How Russia Annexed Crimea

Crimea is a peninsula along the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe. It has a population of 2.4 million, made up mostly of ethnic Russians with significant Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar minorities. The peninsula is almost entirely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov; it is located south of Kherson Oblast in Ukraine, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of Krasnodar Krai in Russia, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge since 2018. The Arabat Spit is located to its northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Across the Black Sea to the west lies Romania and to the south is Turkey.
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  • Name 

  • Ancient history 

  • Medieval history 

  • Mongol Conquest (1238–1449) 

  • Crimean Khanate (1449–1783) 

  • Russian Empire (1783–1917) 

  • Russian Civil War (1917–1921) 

  • Soviet Union (1921–1991) 

  • Autonomy in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1921–1944) 

  • Region in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945–1954) 

  • Region in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1954–1991) 

  • Ukraine (de jure since 1991, de facto 1991–2014) 

  • Russian Federation (de facto since 2014) 

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  • Crimean Mountains 

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