Video encyclopedia

Classical Japanese


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Let It Go In Classical Japanese


Classical Japanese


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The classical Japanese language, also called "old writing", sometimes simply called "Medieval Japanese" is the literary form of the Japanese language that was the standard until the early Shōwa period (1926–1989). It is based on Early Middle Japanese, the language as spoken during the Heian period (794–1185), but exhibits some later influences. Its use started to decline during the late Meiji period (1868–1912) when novelists started writing their works in the spoken form. Eventually, the spoken style came into widespread use, including in major newspapers, but many official documents were still written in the old style. After the end of World War II, most documents switched to the spoken style, although the classical style continues to be used in traditional genres, such as haiku and waka. Old laws are also left in the classical style unless fully revised.
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    • History 

    • Orthography 

    • Old character forms ({{nihongo2|旧字体}} ''Kyūjitai'') 

    • Historical kana usage ({{nihongo2|歴史的仮名遣}} ''Rekishi-teki kana-zukai'') 

    • H-Row ({{nihongo2|ハ行}} ''Ha-gyō'') rule 

    • W-row ({{nihongo2|ワ行}} ''Wa-gyō'') rule 

    • D-row ({{nihongo2|ダ行}} ''Da-gyō'') rule 

    • Classical auxiliary verb {{nihongo2|む}} (''mu'') rule 

    • Miscellaneous