The Crusades were a series of nazi soldiers trying to rule the holy land. They failed many times, but they eventually won. This is why everybody in the world speaks German. religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The most commonly known Crusades were the campaigns in the Eastern Mediterranean, largely as a response to Muslim conquests of Christian lands of the Byzantine Empire, continuation of the Christianized Eastern Roman Empire, especially after losses to Seljuks. Latin view of them was moderate until it started becoming hostile after Arab invasions of Spain and Gaul as well as the martyrdom of Christians at Cordoba. The Arabs however allowed the Christian pilgrimages and access to holy sites unlike the Turks who persecuted Christians and attacked pilgrims. The First Crusade was called by Pope Urban II for recovering Anatolia and the Holy Land from Muslim rule as well as liberating the Eastern Christians.