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Geneticists

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Science

Clarke Fraser

Frank Clarke Fraser, was a Canadian medical geneticist. Spanning the fields of science and medicine, he was Canada's first medical geneticist, one of the creators of the discipline of medical genetics in North America, and laid the foundations in the field of Genetic Counselling, which has enhanced the lives of patients worldwide. Among his many accomplishments, Fraser pioneered work in the genetics of cleft palate and popularized the concept of multifactorial disease. Fraser is an iconic figure in Canadian medicine, as well as a biomedical pioneer, a fine teacher, and an outstanding scientist.

Science

Clarence Paul Oliver

Clarence Paul Oliver, known to his friends as "Pete", was an American geneticist. Born in Dexter, Missouri, he attended college at University of Texas receiving a BA in 1925. He continued his studies at University of Texas completing a PhD in the laboratory of Hermann Joseph Muller in 1931. From 1932 to 1946 he was a member of the faculty of University of Minnesota where future nobelist Edward B. Lewis worked in his lab as an undergraduate. From 1946 to his retirement in 1971, he was a faculty member at University of Texas, where he studied human genetics and pseudoallelism.

Science

Clarence Erwin McClung

Clarence Erwin McClung was an American biologist who discovered the role of chromosomes in sex determination.

Science, Health

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German developmental biologist and 1995 Nobel Prize-winner.

Science

Chris Ponting

Christopher Paul Ponting is a British computational biologist, specializing in the evolution and function of genes and genomes. He is currently Chair of Medical Bioinformatics at the University of Edinburgh and group leader in the MRC Human Genetics Unit. He is also an Associate Faculty member of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, member of the European Molecular Biology Organisation and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His research focuses on long noncoding RNA function and evolution, on single cell biology and on disease genomics.

Science

Cheryl Arrowsmith

Cheryl H. Arrowsmith is a Canadian structural biologist and is the Chief Scientist at the Toronto laboratory of the Structural Genomics Consortium. Her contributions to protein structural biology includes the use of NMR and X-ray crystallography to pursue structures of proteins on a proteome wide scale.

Science

Charles Scriver

Charles Robert Scriver, is an eminent Canadian pediatrician and biochemical geneticist. Scriver made many important contributions to our knowledge of inborn errors of metabolism. He led in establishing a nationwide newborn metabolic screening program that is considered a landmark in applying the results of research to children's health across an entire nation.

Science

Charles Roy Henderson

Charles Roy Henderson was an American statistician and a pioneer in animal breeding — the application of quantitative methods for the genetic evaluation of domestic livestock. This is critically important because it allows farmers and geneticists to predict whether a crop or animal will have a desired trait, and to what extent the trait will be expressed. He developed mixed model equations to obtain best linear unbiased predictions of breeding values and, in general, any random effect. He invented three methods for the estimation of variance components in unbalanced settings of mixed models, and invented a method for constructing the inverse of Wright's numerator relationship matrix based on a simple list of pedigree information. He, with his Ph.D. student Shayle R. Searle, greatly extended the use of matrix notation in statistics. His methods are widely used by the domestic livestock industry throughout the world and are a cornerstone of linear model theory.

Science

Charles Leonard Huskins

Charles Leonard Huskins was an English-born Canadian geneticist who specialized in the field of cytogenetics. He is also sometimes referred to as C. Leonard Huskins or C.L. Huskins.

Science

Charles David Allis

Charles David Allis is an American molecular biologist, and is currently the Joy and Jack Fishman Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Chromatin Biology and Epigenetics at The Rockefeller University.

Science

Charles Birch

Louis Charles Birch FAA was an Australian geneticist specialising in population ecology and was also well known as a theologian, writing widely on the topic of science and religion, winning the Templeton Prize in 1990. The prize recognised his work ascribing intrinsic value to all life.

Science

Ch. Mohan Rao

Ch. Mohan Rao is an Indian molecular biologist. He holds a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Hyderabad. He was a visiting associate at the National Institutes of Health, US, during 1990–92. He was a visiting professor at the Tokyo Science University, Japan during 1996. Visiting Scientist, UTMB, Galveston, USA, Visiting Professor, Protein Research Institute, Osaka, Japan. Adjunct Professor, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. He was positioned as director for the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad, India. He is CSIR-Distinguished Scientist and Sir JC Bose National Fellow at CCMB He was awarded in 1999 the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, the highest science award in India, in the Medical Sciences category.

Science

Cedric Smith (statistician)

Cedric Austen Bardell Smith was a British statistician and geneticist. Smith was born in Leicester. He was the younger son of John Bardell Smith (1876–1950), a mechanical engineer, and Ada. He was educated at Wyggeston Boys' School until 1929, when the family moved to London. His education continued at Bec School, Tooting, for three years, then at University College School, London. In 1935, although having failed his Higher School Certificate, he was awarded an exhibition to Trinity College, Cambridge. He graduated in the Mathematical Tripos, with a First in Part II in 1937 and a Distinction in Part III in 1938. Following graduation he began postgraduate research, taking his Ph.D. in 1942.

Science

Catherine Hayes Bailey

Catherine Hayes Bailey was an American plant geneticist known for developing new varieties of fruit. She was honored by the National Peach Council for her contributions to the US peach industry.

Science

Catherine Feuillet

Catherine Feuillet is a French geneticist who is the head of trait research at Bayer CropScience and a co-chair of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC). Feuillet has been working on plant genetics since 1994 when she completed post-doctoral studies at the Swiss Federal Institute for Agroecology. She wrote her thesis on Lignification of Eucalyptus which is the study of how wood is formed on a cellular basis. After that she moved on to the University of Zurich in 1997 where she was a junior group leader investigating fungal disease resistance in plant genomes. In 2008, she and her team successfully published the first mapping of the largest wheat chromosome, 3B and in 2014, they successfully completed mapping 3B's sequencing and published a draft of the entire wheat genome. She has been awarded the Prix Foulon from the French Academy of Science, the gold Trophée de la Femme, was honored as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, and received the Jean Dufrenoy Prize from the Académie d'Agriculture of France. Today Feuillet works as the head of Trait Research at Bayer CropScience where she is actively trying to decrypt the remaining 20 wheat chromosomes so as to identify and manipulate traits that would help eliminate biotic and abiotic stressors that inhibit the yield of wheat in the changing environment. She is also the head of the project, Breedwheat, which works to manipulate the wheat genome to improve the yield of wheat in the changing environment due to global warming because it is a basic food source for upwards of 2 billion people worldwide.