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2019 Tour de France

The 2019 Tour de France was the 106th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three grand tours. The 3,480 km (2,162 mi)-long race consisted of 21 stages, starting on 6 July in Brussels, Belgium, and concluding on 28 July with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris. The opening stages of the Tour were held in Brussels in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first Tour de France win of Eddy Merckx. A total of 176 riders from 22 teams participated in the race. The overall general classification was won by Egan Bernal of Team Ineos who, at age 22, became the third-youngest all time winner of the Tour de France and the youngest ever winner of the yellow jersey. He is also the first Colombian and Latin American winner of the Tour de France. Teammate Geraint Thomas finished second while Steven Kruijswijk came in third.

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Tour de France

The Tour de France is an annual men's multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tours, it consists of 21 day-long stages over the course of 23 days.

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Team Ineos

Team Ineos is a British professional cycling team that competes at UCI WorldTeam level. The team is based at the National Cycling Centre in Manchester, England, with a logistics base in Deinze, Belgium. The team is managed by British Cycling's former performance director Sir Dave Brailsford.

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2018 Tour de France

The 2018 Tour de France was the 105th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. The 3,351 km (2,082 mi) race started from Noirmoutier-en-l'Île, in the Vendée department, on 7 July and concluded with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris, on 29 July. A total of 176 riders across 22 teams were participating in the 21-stage race. The Tour was the shortest of the millennium and was the fifth time a tour had set out from Vendée. The race was won for the first time by Geraint Thomas of Team Sky. Tom Dumoulin placed second, with Thomas' teammate and four-time Tour champion Chris Froome coming third.

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Points classification in the Tour de France

The points classification is a secondary competition in the Tour de France, which started in 1953. Points are given for high finishes in a stage and for winning intermediate sprints, and these are recorded in a points classification. It is considered a sprinters' competition. The leader is indicated by a green jersey, which has become a metonym for the points classification competition.

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1909 Tour de France

The 1909 Tour de France was the seventh edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 5 July to 1 August. It consisted of 14 stages over 4,497 kilometres (2,794 mi), ridden at an average 28.658 km/h. The results were computed by points accorded finishing positions on each stage, the rider with fewest points at the end of the race winning the race. The stages were approximately the same as in the 1907 and 1908 Tour de France.

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2017 Tour de France

The 2017 Tour de France was the 104th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 3,540 km (2,200 mi)-long race commenced with an individual time trial in Düsseldorf, Germany on 1 July, and concluded with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris on 23 July. A total of 198 riders from 22 teams entered the 21-stage race, which was won by Chris Froome of Team Sky, his fourth overall victory. Rigoberto Urán (Cannondale–Drapac) and Romain Bardet finished second and third, respectively.

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Team time trial

A team time trial (TTT) is a road-based bicycle race in which teams of cyclists race against the clock.

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2014 Tour de France

The 2014 Tour de France was the 101st edition of the race, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 3,660.5-kilometre (2,274.5 mi) race included 21 stages, starting in Leeds, United Kingdom, on 5 July and finishing on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 27 July. The race also visited Belgium for part of a stage. Vincenzo Nibali of the Astana team won the race by more than seven minutes, the biggest winning margin since 1997. Jean-Christophe Péraud placed second, with Thibaut Pinot (FDJ.fr) third.

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Bora–Hansgrohe

Bora–Hansgrohe is a UCI WorldTeam cycling team established in 2010 with a German license, founded and managed by w:de:Ralph Denk. It is sponsored by BORA, German manufacturer, and Hansgrohe, bathroom fittings manufacturer.

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Mitchelton–Scott (men's team)

Mitchelton–Scott is an Australian professional road race cycling team. Launched in January 2011, it competes on the UCI World Tour. The team is under the management of Andrew Ryan and Shayne Bannan with Neil Stephens and Matt White as Sporting Directors. The team ride Scott bikes, wear Giordana Cycling clothing, and wear Bollé eyewear. The team has financial backing from Australian businessman Gerry Ryan who owns Jayco Australia.

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2019 Giro d'Italia

The 2019 Giro d'Italia is a three-week Grand Tour cycling stage race organised by RCS Sport that is currently taking place mainly in Italy, between 11 May and 2 June 2019. The race is the 102nd edition of the Giro d'Italia and is the first Grand Tour of the 2019 cycling season. The race started with an individual time trial in Bologna.

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Astana Pro Team

Astana Pro Team is a professional road bicycle racing team sponsored by the Samruk-Kazyna, a coalition of state-owned companies from Kazakhstan and named after its capital city Astana. Astana attained UCI ProTeam status in its inaugural year, 2007. Following a major doping scandal involving Kazakhstani rider Alexander Vinokourov, team management was terminated and new management brought in for the 2008 season. The team was then managed by Johan Bruyneel, former team manager of U.S. Postal/Discovery Channel team. Under Bruyneel the ethical nature of the team did not improve, although Astana in this period was very successful. With a lineup including Grand Tour winner Alberto Contador, as well as runner-up Andreas Klöden the results were there, however the team was on the verge of financial collapse in May 2009. A battle for control of the team led to the return of Vinokourov for the 2009 Vuelta a España caused Bruyneel and at least fourteen of its riders to leave at the end of the 2009 season, most for Team RadioShack. Only four Spanish riders, including Contador, and most of the Kazakhs remained with the rebuilt team for 2010. Those four Spaniards all left the team for Saxo Bank–SunGard in 2011.

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Katusha–Alpecin

Katusha–Alpecin is a Swiss road bicycle racing team which competes using Canyon bikes. The team was created in 2008 by Igor Makarov within the framework of the previously established Russian Global Cycling Project, which was intended to help cycling in Russia to move to a qualitatively new level. In 2017 the team took an international direction, still supported by Igor Makarov’s company ARETI International Group, clothing company Katusha Sports and German shampoo manufacturer Alpecin. The team has competed as a UCI ProTeam/WorldTour team since 2009. Joaquim Rodríguez, Alexander Kristoff, Daniel Moreno, Simon Špilak, Filippo Pozzato, Luca Paolini, Ilnur Zakarin, and Tony Martin are some of the most successful riders who have been riding for Katusha.

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Dimension Data (cycling team)

Team Dimension Data for Qhubeka is a World Tour cycling team based in South Africa. Until 2016 it was known as MTN–Qhubeka. The team's name reflects that whilst it is sponsored by Dimension Data Holdings, it rides for Qhubeka, a charity programme in South Africa. The team aim to fund 5000 bicycles every year for the charity.