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Science, Health


Michel de Nostredame, usually Latinised as Nostradamus, was a French astrologer, physician and reputed seer, who is best known for his book Les Prophéties, a collection of 942 poetic quatrains allegedly predicting future events. The book was first published in 1555 and has rarely been out of print since his death.

Politics, Health

Hubert Humphrey

Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States from 1965 to 1969. He twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 1968 presidential election, losing to Republican nominee Richard Nixon.

Society, Science, Health


Paracelsus, born Theophrastus von Hohenheim, was a Swiss physician, alchemist, and astrologer of the German Renaissance.


Marina Oswald Porter

Marina Nikolayevna Oswald Porter is the widow of Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. She married Oswald during his temporary defection to the Soviet Union and emigrated to the United States with him. She was not implicated in the assassination and remarried two years after Oswald's murder.

Art, Geography, Science, Health


Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (973–1050), known as Al-Biruni in English, was an Iranian scholar and polymath. He was from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan.

Science, Wars and warfare, Health

Antonio Luna

General Antonio Luna de San Pedro y Novicio Ancheta was a Filipino army general who fought in the Philippine–American War.

Science, Health

Alice Ball

Alice Augusta Ball was an African American chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment for leprosy until the 1940s. She was the first woman and first African American to receive a master's degree from the University of Hawaii, she was also the first female chemistry professor at the university.

Science, Health

Jabir ibn Hayyan

Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān, also known by the Latinization Geber was a polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician. Born in Tus, he later traveled to Yemen and Kufa where he lived most of his life. He has been described as "the father of early chemistry".

Art, Science, Health

Alexander Shulgin

Alexander Theodore Shulgin was an American medicinal chemist, biochemist, organic chemist, pharmacologist, psychopharmacologist, and author. He is credited with introducing MDMA to psychologists in the late 1970s for psychopharmaceutical use and for the discovery, synthesis and personal bioassay of over 230 psychoactive compounds for their psychedelic and entactogenic potential.

Science, Health

Samuel Hahnemann

Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician, best known for creating the pseudoscientific system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.

Politics, Health

Gregor Strasser

Gregor Strasser was an early prominent German Nazi official and politician who was murdered during the Night of the Long Knives in 1934. Born in 1892 in Bavaria, Strasser served in World War I in an artillery regiment, rising to the rank of first lieutenant. He joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1920 and quickly became an influential and important figure. In 1923, he took part in the abortive Beer Hall Putsch in Munich and was imprisoned, but released early on for political reasons. Strasser joined a revived NSDAP in 1925 and once again established himself as a powerful and dominant member, hugely increasing the party's membership and reputation in northern Germany. Personal and political conflicts with Adolf Hitler led to his death in 1934 during the Night of the Long Knives.

Technology and industry, Science, Health

Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou is a Chinese pharmaceutical chemist and educator. She discovered artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, a significant breakthrough in 20th century tropical medicine saving millions of lives in developing countries in South Asia, Africa, and South America.

Society, Health

George Remus

George Remus was a German-born American lawyer and bootlegger during the Prohibition era. Remus rose to power during the early days of Prohibition.

Technology and industry, Science, Health

Hans Christian Ørsted

Hans Christian Ørsted was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism. He is still known today for Oersted's Law, and the oersted (Oe), the cgs unit of magnetic H-field strength, is named after him. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.

Science, Health

Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi

Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-‘Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari, popularly known as Al-Zahrawi (الزهراوي), Latinised as Abulcasis, was an Arab Muslim physician, surgeon and chemist who lived in Al-Andalus. He is considered as the greatest surgeon of the Middle ages, and has been described as the father of surgery.