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Science, Health

Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner,, was an Austrian biologist, physician, and immunologist. He distinguished the main blood groups in 1900, having developed the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood, and identified, with Alexander S. Wiener, the Rhesus factor, in 1937, thus enabling physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient's life. With Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus in 1909. He received the Aronson Prize in 1926. In 1930, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was posthumously awarded the Lasker Award in 1946, and has been described as the father of transfusion medicine.


Sally Davies

Professor Dame Sally Claire Davies, DBE, FMedSci, FRS is the Chief Medical Officer for England. Previously she was the Chief Scientific Adviser at the Department of Health, and worked as a clinician specialising in the treatment of diseases of the blood and bone marrow.


Farid Fata

Farid T. Fata, born 1965) is a Lebanese-born former hematologist/oncologist and the admitted mastermind of one of the largest health care frauds in American history. He was the owner of Michigan Hematology-Oncology (MHO), one of the largest cancer practices in Michigan. He was arrested in 2013 on charges of prescribing chemotherapy to patients who were either perfectly healthy or whose condition did not warrant chemotherapy, then submitting $34 million in fraudulent charges to Medicare and private health insurance companies over a period of at least six years. He pleaded guilty in 2014 to charges of health care fraud, conspiring to pay and receive kickbacks, and money laundering. On July 10, 2015, he was sentenced to 45 years in federal prison.

Politics, Science, Health

Chen Zhu

Chen Zhu is a Chinese hematologist, molecular biologist, and politician. He is chairman of the Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party, a vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, and President of the Red Cross Society of China. He formerly served as China's Minister of Health. Chen also holds a professorship at the School of Medicine of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Science, Health

E. Donnall Thomas

Edward Donnall "Don" Thomas was an American physician, professor emeritus at the University of Washington, and director emeritus of the clinical research division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. In 1990 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Joseph E. Murray for the development of cell and organ transplantation. Thomas and his wife and research partner Dottie Thomas developed bone marrow transplantation as a treatment for leukemia.

Science, Health

Thomas Hodgkin

Thomas Hodgkin was a British physician, considered one of the most prominent pathologists of his time and a pioneer in preventive medicine. He is now best known for the first account of Hodgkin's disease, a form of lymphoma and blood disease, in 1832. Hodgkin's work marked the beginning of times when a pathologist was actively involved in the clinical process. He was a contemporary of Thomas Addison and Richard Bright at Guy's Hospital.

Science, Health

Robert Peter Gale

Robert Peter Gale is an American physician and medical researcher. He is known for research in leukemia and other bone marrow disorders.


Hermann Sahli

Hermann Sahli was a Swiss internist who was a native of Bern.

Science, Health

Alexander S. Wiener

Alexander Solomon Wiener, a lifelong resident of New York City, was recognized internationally for his contributions to medicine. He was a leader in the fields of forensic medicine, serology, and immunogenetics. His pioneer work led to discovery of the Rh factor in 1937, along with Dr. Karl Landsteiner, and subsequently to the development of exchange transfusion methods that saved the lives of countless infants with hemolytic disease of the newborn. He received a Lasker Award for his achievement in 1946.


Brian Druker

Brian J. Druker is a physician-scientist at Oregon Health & Science University, in Portland, Oregon. He is the director of OHSU's Knight Cancer Institute, Jeld-Wen Chair of Leukemia Research, and professor of medicine. In 2009, he won the Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award and the Meyenburg Award for his influential work in the development of Imatinib, commonly known as Gleevec, for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). He has been called "Oregon's best-known scientist".


Lucy Wills

Lucy Wills, LRCP was a leading English haematologist and physician researcher. She conducted significant research in India in the late 1920s and early 1930s on macrocytic anaemia of pregnancy. Macrocytic anaemia is characterized by enlarged red blood cells and is life-threatening.

Science, Health

Jean Dausset

Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset was a French immunologist born in Toulouse, France. Dausset received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex. Using the money from his Nobel Prize and a grant from the French Television, Dausset founded the Human Polymorphism Study Center (CEPH) in 1984, which was later renamed the Foundation Jean Dausset-CEPH in his honour. He married Rose Mayoral in 1963, with whom he had two children, Henri and Irène. Jean Dausset died on June 6, 2009 in Majorca, Spain, at the age of 92.

Science, Health

Nancy Fern Olivieri

Nancy Fern Olivieri, MD, FRCPC is a prominent Toronto haematologist and researcher with an interest in the treatment of haemoglobinopathies. She is best known for a protracted struggle with the Hospital for Sick Children and the pharmaceutical company Apotex about the drug deferiprone.

Politics, Health

Els Borst

Else "Els" Borst-Eilers was a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party. She served as Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport from 22 August 1994 until 22 July 2002 in the Cabinets Kok I and II and also served as Deputy Prime Minister from 3 August 1998 until 22 July 2002 in the Second purple cabinet. For the election of 1998 she was the Lijsttrekker and served as Leader of the Democrats 66 from 15 February 1998 until 30 May 1998. The Democrats 66 lost ten seats and Borst became the Parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in House of Representatives serving from 19 May 1998 until 30 May 1998 and as a Member of the House of Representatives from 19 May 1998 until 3 August 1998. She retired from politics in 2002. In retirement Borst was murdered on 8 February 2014 by a mentally unstable man.


Georges Mathé

Georges Mathé was a French oncologist and immunologist. In November 1958, he performed the first successful allogeneic bone marrow transplant ever performed on unrelated human beings.