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Wars and warfare

Zinaida Portnova

Zinaida Martynovna Portnova, commonly known as Zina Portnova was a Russian teenager, Soviet partisan and Hero of the Soviet Union. She was known for killing over 100 Nazis by poison. Betrayed and captured, she is said to have shot the Nazi detective who captured her.

Wars and warfare

Georgios Grivas

Georgios Grivas, also known by his nom de guerre Digenis (Διγενής), which he adopted while in EOKA, was a Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army, leader of the EOKA guerrilla organisation.

Wars and warfare

Stjepan Filipović

Stjepan Filipović was a Yugoslav communist who led Kolubara Company of the Valjevo Partisan Detachment during the 1941 Partisan uprising. He was captured and executed in 1942 in Valjevo. The photo of him taken shortly before the execution has become a symbol of resistance against fascism in the Second World War. He was proclaimed People's Hero of Yugoslavia in 1949.

Wars and warfare

Teuku Umar

Teuku Umar was a leader of a guerrilla campaign against the Dutch in Aceh during the Aceh War. He fell when Dutch troops launched a surprise attack in Meulaboh. His body was buried in the Mugo area. After Teuku Umar's death, his wife Cut Nyak Dhien continued to lead the guerrillas against the Dutch. He was later made a Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia.

Wars and warfare

Jure Francetić

Jure Francetić was a Croatian Ustaša Commissioner for the Bosnia and Herzegovina regions of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during World War II, and commander of the 1st Ustaše Regiment of the Ustaše Militia, later known as the Black Legion. In both roles he was responsible for the massacre of Bosnian Serbs and Jews. A member of Ante Pavelić's inner circle, he was considered by many Ustaše as a possible successor to Pavelić as Poglavnik (leader) of the NDH. He died of wounds inflicted when he was captured by Partisans near Slunj in the Kordun region when his aircraft crash-landed there in late December 1942.

Wars and warfare

Sava Kovačević

Sava Kovačević was a Yugoslav Partisan divisional commander during World War II, and one of the heroes of the communist Partisan movement.

Art, Politics, Wars and warfare

Douglas Bravo

Douglas Ignacio Bravo Mora is a Venezuelan politician and former guerrilla fighter.

Wars and warfare

Michalis Karaolis

Michalis Karaolis was born in the village of Palaichori of Pitsilia, Cyprus. He was a government clerk and a member of EOKA. He was the first to be sentenced to death and hanged alongside Andreas Dimitriou on 10 May 1956.

Wars and warfare

Vladimir Perić

Vladimir Perić, best known by the nom de guerre Valter, was a Partisan commander in German-occupied Sarajevo during World War II.

Politics, Wars and warfare

Boris Kidrič

Boris Kidrič was one of the chief organizers of the Slovene Partisans, the Slovene resistance against occupation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy after the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941. He became the de facto leader of the Liberation Front of the Slovenian People. As such, he had a crucial role in the anti-Fascist liberation struggle in Slovenia between 1941 and 1945. After World War II he was, together with Edvard Kardelj, a leading Slovenian politician in Titoist Yugoslavia.

Art, Politics, Science, Wars and warfare

Edvard Kocbek

Edvard Kocbek was a Slovenian poet, writer, essayist, translator, member of Christian Socialists in the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation and Slovene Partisans. He is considered as one of the best authors who have written in Slovene, and one of the best Slovene poets after Prešeren. His political role during and after World War II made him one of the most controversial figures in Slovenia in the 20th century.

Wars and warfare

Franc Rozman

Franc Rozman, nom de guerre Stane or Stane Mlinar, 27 March 1911 – 7 November 1944), was a Slovene Partisan commander in World War II.

Wars and warfare

Valentina Safronova

Valentina Safronova was a Soviet partisan and intelligence officer who engaged in reconnaissance and sabotage until she was captured and tortured to death by the Gestapo on 1 May 1943. On 8 May 1965, over twenty years after her death, she was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Wars and warfare

Mehdi Huseynzade

Lieutenant Mehdi Huseynzade was an Azerbaijani guerrilla and scout during World War II. He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on April 11, 1957.

Wars and warfare

Gerardo Aguilar Ramírez

Gerardo Aguilar Ramírez, known by his nom de guerre César, was a Colombian guerrilla leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). He was the commander of the Eastern Bloc's 1st Front. For five years he was in charge of FARC's hostages, including former presidential candidate Íngrid Betancourt. On July 2, 2008, the hostages were rescued in Operation Jaque and César was arrested.