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Politics, Wars and warfare

Georgios Grivas

Georgios Grivas, also known by his nom de guerre Digenis (Διγενής), which he adopted while in EOKA, was a Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army, leader of the EOKA guerrilla organisation.

Wars and warfare

Teuku Umar

Teuku Umar was a leader of a guerrilla campaign against the Dutch in Aceh during the Aceh War. He fell when Dutch troops launched a surprise attack in Meulaboh. His body was buried in the Mugo area. After Teuku Umar's death, his wife Cut Nyak Dhien continued to lead the guerrillas against the Dutch. He was later made a Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia.

Wars and warfare

Simeon Cuba Sarabia

Simeón Cuba Sarabia, also known as Willy, was a member of the Ñancahuazú guerrilla column led by Che Guevara in Bolivia. Born in the Cochabamba region of Bolivia, he became a leader among tin miners in Huanuni and served as the secretary of organization and secretary of militias of the local mine workers' union. He also carried out various social service activities for the benefit of the miners' families. Cuba Sarabia joined the Communist Party of Bolivia (PCB) but resigned from it in 1965 to become a member of the Bolivian Marxist–Leninist Party which favored armed struggle. When he urged that group to put its principles into practice, he was expelled from it along with Moisés Guevara. It was Moisés Guevara who brought him into Che Guevara's Ñancahuazú guerrilla group in March 1967.

Wars and warfare

Mehdi Huseynzade

Lieutenant Mehdi Huseynzade was an Azerbaijani guerrilla and scout during World War II. He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on April 11, 1957.

Wars and warfare

Gerardo Aguilar Ramírez

Gerardo Aguilar Ramírez, known by his nom de guerre César, was a Colombian guerrilla leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). He was the commander of the Eastern Bloc's 1st Front. For five years he was in charge of FARC's hostages, including former presidential candidate Íngrid Betancourt. On July 2, 2008, the hostages were rescued in Operation Jaque and César was arrested.

Art, Politics, Wars and warfare

Douglas Bravo

Douglas Ignacio Bravo Mora is a Venezuelan politician and former guerrilla fighter.

Wars and warfare, Health

Vera Blagojević

Vera Blagojević was a Yugoslav medical student and Communist political activist. During World War II, she was captured by the Gestapo in 1942 and later killed. She was posthumously awarded the Order of the People's Hero in 1953.

Wars and warfare

Mariya Osipova

Mariya Osipova was the Soviet partisan who provided Yelena Mazanik with the bomb she used to kill Wilhelm Kube, a high-ranking SS officer and the General-Kommissar of Nazi-occupied Belarus. For doing so Osipova and her co-conspirators were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 29 October 1943.

Wars and warfare

Nikolai Kuznetsov (spy)

Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov was a Soviet intelligence agent and partisan who operated in Nazi-occupied Ukraine during World War II and who personally killed six high-ranking German officials. His file is still not fully disclosed and will be held until 2025 in the FSB archives. It was not until 1990 that Kuznetsov was officially recognized as a NKVD agent. He used several pseudonyms during his intelligence operations: e.g. Rudolf Schmidt, Nikolai Vasilevitsh Grachev and Oberleutnant Paul Siebert. Kuznetsov was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Art, Wars and warfare

Leoncillo Leonardi

Leoncillo Leonardi, commonly known as Leoncillo, was an Italian sculptor who worked principally in glazed ceramics, often large-scale, and often using vivid colours. Until the mid-1950s his work was mostly figurative, but became more abstract thereafter. In 1946 he was among the founding members of the Nuova Secessione Artistica Italiana, which soon became the Fronte Nuovo delle Arti. He received the Premio Faenza in 1954 and again in 1964, and won the sculpture prize at the Biennale di Venezia of 1968.

Politics, Wars and warfare

Miha Marinko

Miha Marinko served as the Prime Minister of Slovenia from June 1946 to 1953. During the latter part of 1953, he served as the President of the Executive Council, in the same role as Prime Minister. He succeeded Boris Kidrič and was succeeded by Boris Kraigher. He was a member of the League of Communists of Slovenia.

Wars and warfare

Valentina Safronova

Valentina Safronova was a Soviet partisan and intelligence officer who engaged in reconnaissance and sabotage until she was captured and tortured to death by the Gestapo on 1 May 1943. On 8 May 1965, over twenty years after her death, she was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Wars and warfare

Ferruccio Valobra

Ferruccio Valobra was an Italian partisan and antifascist.

Society, Politics, Wars and warfare

Viktor Avbelj

Viktor Avbelj (1914-1993) served as the President of the Executive Council of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia from June 25, 1962 to 1965. He was a member of the League of Communists of Slovenia. He was preceded by Boris Kraigher and succeeded by Janko Smole.

Wars and warfare

Anna Maria Enriques Agnoletti

Anna Maria Enriques Agnoletti (1907–1944) was an Italian partisan, shot by the Nazis on 12 June 1944. For her actions in support of the Italian partisan movement she was honored post-mortem with the Gold Medal of Military Valour.