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Military physicians

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Sports, Wars and warfare, Health

Aribert Heim

Aribert Ferdinand Heim was an Austrian SS doctor, also known as "Dr Death". During World War II he served at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Mauthausen, killing and torturing inmates by various methods, such as direct injections of toxic compounds into the hearts of his victims.

Wars and warfare

Dwarkanath Kotnis

Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis, also known by his Chinese name Ke Dihua, was one of the five Indian physicians dispatched to China to provide medical assistance during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938. Known for his dedication and perseverance, he has been regarded as an example for Sino-Indian friendship and collaboration.

Wars and warfare

Eduard Wirths

Eduard Wirths was the Chief SS doctor (SS-Standortarzt) at the Auschwitz concentration camp from September 1942 to January 1945. Thus, Wirths had formal responsibility for everything undertaken by the nearly 20 SS doctors who worked in the medical sections of Auschwitz between 1942–1945.

Wars and warfare, Health

Carl Clauberg

Carl Clauberg was a German gynecologist who conducted medical experiments on human subjects at Auschwitz concentration camp. He worked with Horst Schumann in X-ray sterilization experiments at Auschwitz concentration camp.

Wars and warfare, Health

Fritz Klein

Fritz Klein was a German Nazi doctor hanged for his role in atrocities at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp during the Holocaust.

Wars and warfare

Claus Schilling

Claus Karl Schilling, also recorded as Klaus Schilling, was a German tropical medicine specialist who participated in the Nazi human experiments at the Dachau concentration camp during World War II.

Wars and warfare

Horst Schumann

Horst Schumann, SS-Sturmbannführer (major) and medical doctor, conducted sterilization and castration experiments at Auschwitz and was particularly interested in the mass sterilization of Jews by means of X-rays.

Wars and warfare, Health

Fritz Fischer (medical doctor)

Fritz Ernst Fischer was a German medical doctor who, under the Nazi regime, participated in medical experiments conducted on inmates of the Ravensbrück concentration camp.

Wars and warfare

Hans Eisele (physician)

Hans Kurt Eisele was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer and German concentration camp doctor.

Wars and warfare, Health

Friedrich Wegener

Friedrich Wegener was a German pathologist who is notable for his description of a rare disease now referred to as granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Although this disease was known before Wegener's description, from the 1950s onwards it was generally referred to as Wegener's granulomatosis.

Wars and warfare

Josef Klehr

Josef Klehr was an SS-Oberscharführer, supervisor in several Nazi concentration camps and head of the SS disinfection commando at Auschwitz concentration camp.

Wars and warfare

Horst Fischer

Horst Paul Silvester Fischer was a German doctor and member of the SS, executed in East Germany for crimes committed at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp during World War II.

Wars and warfare

James Henry Reynolds

Lieutenant-Colonel James Henry Reynolds VC, born Kingstown, County Dublin, was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Battle of Rorke's Drift, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was educated at Castleknock College and Trinity College, Dublin.

Wars and warfare

Willi Graf

Willi Graf was a Roman Catholic member of the White Rose resistance group in Nazi Germany.

Wars and warfare

Joachim Mrugowsky

Joachim Mrugowsky was a German hygienist. He was Associate Professor, Medical Doctorate, Chief of Hygiene Institute of the Waffen-SS, Senior Hygienist at the Reich, SS-Physician, SS and Waffen-SS Colonel. He was found guilty of war crimes following the war in the Doctors' Trial and executed in 1948.