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The Weinstein Company files for chapter 11 bankruptcy

Following the disastrous sexual abuse scandal connected to Harvey Weinstein, a former chief executive, the company ran into financial troubles. Their buyout deal with investors collapsed and Weinstein brothers owed more than $367 million to banks and creditors. The company filed for a bankruptcy and all their assets were auctioned.

Forbes publishes its jubilee 30th list of world's richest people

The World's Billionaires is an annually published list of wealthiest people around the globe. Dictators and royalty are excluded. Bill Gates topped the charts 4th time in a row. First time in history, there were over 2000 people listed, with 2043 being the total number. Most of them are from the US, China, and Germany.

Erasmus bus crashes

A Tata Hispano passenger bus collided with a car on the Autopista AP-7 motorway near the town of Freginals, in Catalonia, Spain. Bus carried Erasmus exchange students from several countries on their return from Fallas Festival in Valencia back to Barcelona. A total of 13 people died and 43 more were injured.

Barack Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928

Barack Obama was the 1st American president to visit Cuba in 88 years. After landing in Havana, he was welcomed by Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez. For the 3-day visit, Obama was joined by his wife, First Lady Michelle Obama, and their 2 daughters.

Sana'a mosque bombings

Mosques in Yemen city Sana’s, The al-Badr and al-Hashoosh came under suicide bombing attack during midday prayers. A total of 4 bombings, 2 at each mosque, were carried out by members of ISIS. They released a recording in which they stated they intend to stop Iranian operation in Yemen. The attacks killed 142 people.

Final episode of "Glee" airs

Dreams Come True is the 13th and last episode of 6th season of Glee to air. It aired on previous one, „2009“ on Fox channel in the US, as a special two-hour finale. Over 2.5 million viewers watched the episode. Reviews summarized the episode as a return to the core ideas and praised it for the fitting conclusion.

"Bloodline" is released on Netflix

Bloodline is an American Netflix original thriller-drama series produced by Sony Pictures Television. The whole 1st season consisting of 13 episodes premiered in its entirety on its release. The show received positive reviews, with the scores averaging at 75/100 on Metacritic and 81% on Rotten Tomatoes.

"Aladdin" opens on Broadway

Aladdin is a Broadway musical based on the 1992 Disney film of the same name. The story revolves around a poor young man who is granted 3 wishes by a genie in a lamp. The Broadway production opened at the New Amsterdam Theatre. James Monroe won a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical.

Kabul Serena Hotel attack

A mass shooting carried out by Taliban militants took place in the restaurant of the Kabul Serena Hotel, in Kabul, Afghanistan. The attack shocked the public, as it took place in a heavily fortified area of Kabul. Four teenage militants used small handguns to storm the restaurant in an attack that killed 9 people.

The world-premiere of "Breakfast at Tiffany's" opens on Broadway

Breakfast at Tiffany’s is a play by Richard Greenberg, based on Truman Capote’s novella of the same name. The Broadway production premiered at the Cort Theatre after a total of 17 previews. The play closed a month later, after only 38 performances. It was directed by Sean Mathias and included Game of Thrones star Emilia Clarke.

$250m-budgeted space epic adventure John Carter looses $200 million dollars

John Carter is a 2012 American sci-fi action film based on a novel Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The total cost of $350 million make it one of the most expensive movies ever made. The movie, however performed poorly, grossing only $284 million worldwide which resulted in the cancellation of a planned sequel.

"Priscilla Queen of the Desert" opens on Broadway

Priscilla, Queen of the Desert is a musical by Stephan Elliott and Allan Scott that uses various well-known pop songs. The Broadway production opened at the Palace Theatre following its North American debut in Toronto. In addition to Theatre World Award, it won Outer Critics Award, Tony Award and Drama Desk Award for costumes.

Video game The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion is released

The 4th installment in The Elder Scrolls series was a commercial success after its release. The role-playing game was praised for its graphics, game world and NPCs with a schedule. It won a number of „best of“ awards from several game journalists, just as well as a number GOTY awards from a variety of sources.

California opens the first Legoland outside of Europe

A theme park based on the popular Lego toy brand was opened in Carlsbad. Besides being 1st outside Europe, it was also 3rd one in the world. It offers more than 60 different rides in the area with a size of 128 acres.Southern California Regional Championship competition FIRST Lego League is being hosted there each December.

Chesterfield's producer acknowledges that smoking is addictive and can cause cancer

Liggett Group acknowledged the addictiveness of nicotine and admitted that smoking can result in cancer and heart disease. Producer of Chesterfield settled lawsuits with 18 states that demanded billions of dollars for treating the sick smokers. The company promised to place informative labels with warnings on their cigarette brands.

Aum Shinrikyo sarin attack, Tokyo

Japanese cult movement, Aum Shinrikyo terrorized Tokyo with a series of 5 coordinated attacks. During rush hour, members of the cult released sarin in Tokyo Metro. 12 did die due to the exposure and more than 5000 were harmed. Due to huge number injured, most of the people had to reach the hospital on their own.

"Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 performances

Cyrano: The Musical is a musical based on Edmond Rostand's classic play of the same name. It tells a story about Cyrano de Bergerac, his cousin Roxane, and his friend Christian de Neuvillette. The musical was nominated for 4 Tony Awards, including Best Musical.

1990

Lev Yashin of Dynamo Moscow and the USSR dies

Lev Yashin was a Soviet professional footballer who revolutionised the goalkeeping position by imposing his authority on the entire defense. Yashin suffered from a stomach cancer and died, despite attempts to save his life with a surgical intervention. He was buried at Vagankovskoye Cemetery as a Soviet Honoured Master of Sport.

"M. Butterfly" opens on Broadway

M. Butterfly is a drama play by David Henry Hwang about East/West cultural stereotypes. The Broadway production of the play opened at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre. John Dexter was the director, while Stuart Ostrow was responsible for the production. It won several awards, including Tony Award for the Best Play.

Actor Rami Malek is born

Malek was born in LA, into a family of Egyptian Coptic Orthodoxists. After finishing high school, he attended the University of Evansville, where he received degree as Bachelor of Fine Arts. He started his acting career on the TV series Gilmore Girls and eventually got lead role of Elliot Anderson in the series Mr. Robot.

1984

Striker Fernando Torres is born

Fernando Torres was born in Fuenlabrada, a city and municipality in the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spain. He became interested in football very early and joined a team Parque 84 at the age of 5. Torres earned a trial with Atlético Madrid and quickly advanced his career by progressing through the ranks.

Beatle John Lennon marries Yoko Ono in Gibraltar

Several months after Lennon's divorce from his wife Cynthia, he and Ono got married in Gibraltar. They spent their honeymoon at Hilton Amsterdam hotel, protesting against the Vietnam War with a week-long Bed-In for Peace. Press was invited into their presidential suite in Room 902, later renumbered to 702.

The 10th Eurovision Song Contest

Following its victory in a previous year, Italy hosted 10th annual Eurovision contest in Naples. The winner of the contest was France Gall from Luxembourg with the song „Poupée de cire, poupéee de son“. This year saw the debut of Ireland and return of Sweden to the contest. The event was presented by Renata Mauro.

Actress Holly Hunter is born

Hunter was born in Conyers, Georgia. She earned attended Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where she earned a degree in drama. Her film debut came in the horror movie „The Burning“. She appeared in a number of movies, before becoming an acclaimed star, thanks to her role in the Coen's „Raising Arizona“.

Actor William Hurt is born

Hurt was born in Washington DC. His parents in his early years. He attended Tufts University, where he studied theology before turning to acting and joining Juilliard School. Throughout his career, Hurt appeared in a number of movies and portrayed a diversity of character roles. He is a holder of multiple acting awards.

The 20th Academy Awards are held

The 20th Oscars took place at Shrine Auditorium in LA, US. The hosts for the event were Agnes Moorehead and Dick Powell. The most successful movies were „Gentleman's Agreement“ and „Miracle on 34th Street“, both of them winning in 3 categories. James Baskett was 1st African-American to receive an award for acting.

1948

Ice hockey legend Bobby Orr is born

Bobby Orr played in the NHL for 12 seasons, beginning with 10 with the Boston Bruins followed by 2 with the Chicago Black Hawks. He remains the only defenceman to have won the NHL scoring title with two Art Ross Trophies. In 1979, he was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.

German biophysicist Erwin Neher is born

His main interest is the cell physiology. Together with Bert Sakmann, Neher was first to record the currents of single ion channels on a live cell. Ion channels are pore-forming proteins in the cell membrane which allow ions to pass. Neher and Sakmann developed special laboratory technique called patch clamp.

Actor Carl Reiner is born

Reiner was born in the Bronx, NYC, into a family of Jewish immigrants. He served during WWII after being drafted to Air Forces. During his service, he performed as an actor, entertaining troops around Pacific. After the war, he had great success as a film director and actor, winning 9 Emmy Awards and 1 Grammy Award.

General relativity

German physicist Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity in academic journal Annalen der Physik. General relativity describes gravity as a geometric property of space and time, unified into single four-dimensional continuum called space-time. It is more precise than old description of gravity by Isaac Newton.

American psychologist B. F. Skinner is born

He is known as a proponent of behaviorism – often condemned school of thought in psychology. The behaviorists assumed that all behaviors are reflexes produced by a response to certain stimuli in the environment or consequence of that individual's history, especially reinforcements and punishments. Free will is an illusion for them.

Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is published in Boston

Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is an anti-slavery novel. It was the best-selling novel of the 19th century. In the 1st year after it was published, 300,000 copies of the novel were sold in the USA and a million copies in Great Britain.

Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba

Napoleon returned to Paris after he escaped from exile in Elba a month earlier. He governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. In June, the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars occurred, which resulted in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.

Electrical battery

An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars. When a battery is supplying electric power, its positive terminal is the cathode and its negative terminal is the anode. The terminal marked negative is the source of electrons that when connected to an external circuit will flow and deliver energy to an external device. When a battery is connected to an external circuit, electrolytes are able to move as ions within, allowing the chemical reactions to be completed at the separate terminals and so deliver energy to the external circuit. It is the movement of those ions within the battery which allows current to flow out of the battery to perform work. Historically the term "battery" specifically referred to a device composed of multiple cells, however the usage has evolved additionally to include devices composed of a single cell.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1986

Ruby Rose

born 1928

Fred Rogers

born 1957

Spike Lee