On this day

23rd of July
21st century
2015Jul 23
 
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Science

NASA's Kepler discovers the most Earth-like planet yet

Kepler-452b is an exoplanet orbiting the Sun-like star Kepler-452 about 1,400 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. It was identified by the Kepler space telescope, and its discovery was announced by NASA. However, a study in 2018 by Mullally et al. implied that statistically, Kepler-452 b has not been proven to exist and must still be considered a candidate.

2015Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Movies

"Mission Impossible: Rogue Nation" opens in Vienna

Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation is an American action spy film co-written and directed by Christopher McQuarrie. It is the fifth installment in the Mission: Impossible film series. It earned very positive reviews and in its opening weekend it took in $55.5 million at the U.S. box office and went on to gross $682 million worldwide.

2012Jul 23
 
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Sports

WWE Raw celebrates its 1000th episode

WWE Raw is a professional wrestling television program that currently airs live on the USA Network in the United States. In 2012, Raw aired its 1000th episode, which also began its permanent three-hour format which had been previously only used for special episodes.

2006Jul 23
 
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Sports, Personalities

Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club

On the way to victory, Woods hit 86 percent of fairways. Woods became the first player since Tom Watson in 1982–83 to win golf's oldest championship in consecutive years. Woods improved his perfect record in majors to 11-0 when entering the final round with at least a share of the lead.

2005Jul 23
 
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Disasters

Sharm El Sheikh bombings

The Sharm El Sheikh bombings were a series of terrorist attacks perpetrated by an Islamist organization in the Egyptian resort city of Sharm El Sheikh, located on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. Eighty-eight people were killed as a result of the attacks, the majority of them Egyptians, and over 200 were injured.

2004Jul 23
 
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Art

Reconstructed Stari Most is inaugurated

Stari Most stood for 427 years until it was destroyed on 9 November 1993 by Croat military forces during the Croat–Bosniak War. Subsequently, a project was set in motion to reconstruct it. The rebuilt bridge opened on the end of July 2004, with the cost estimated to be 15.5 million US dollars.

2002Jul 23
 
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Art

London City Hall is officially opened

City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority, which comprises the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. It is located in Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames near Tower Bridge. It was designed by Norman Foster and opened two years after the Greater London Authority was created.

2001Jul 23
 
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Entertainment

Video game Max Payne is released

Max Payne is a third-person shooter video game developed by Remedy Entertainment and published by Gathering of Developers for Microsoft Windows. Max Payne received very positive reviews and was praised for its exciting gunplay and use of noir storytelling devices. The game won a large number of accolades, including the BAFTA Award.

1990s
1997Jul 23
 
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Business

Chip maker DEC files antitrust charges against Intel

Intel's dominance in the x86 microprocessor market led to numerous charges of antitrust violations over the years, including FTC investigations and civil actions such as the 1997 suit by DEC. Intel's market dominance combined with Intel's own hardball legal tactics made it an attractive target for litigation.

1995Jul 23
 
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Sports, Personalities

The first cyclist wins the Tour de France five consecutive times

Miguel Induráin is a Spanish road racing cyclist, known to be the 1st person to win 5 consecutive Tours de France. He managed to win the races from 1991 to 1995. In total, he wore the yellow jersey of the race leader for 60 days. He shares the record for most wins with Bernard Hinault, Eddy Merckx, and Jacques Anquetil.

1994Jul 23
 
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Science

Space Shuttle Columbia lands

Aboard of the shuttle were Japanese rice fish. They mated and produced a healthy fry. Thus, the rice fish became the first vertebrate to mate in orbit. Columbia also carried International Microgravity Laboratory. Most experiments were dedicated to life sciences. Payload specialist Chiaki Mukai was first Japanese woman in space.

Cold-war era
1989Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Ringo Starr kicks off his first solo tour with a show in Dallas

Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band gave their first performance to an audience of ten thousand in Dallas, Texas. Setting a pattern that would continue over the following decades, the band consisted of Starr and an assortment of musicians who had been successful in their own right with popular songs at different times.

1989Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Personalities, Movies

Harry Potter star, Daniel Radcliffe, is born

Daniel Jacob Radcliffe is an English actor and producer best known for his role as Harry Potter in the film series of the same name. At age 11, he was cast as Potter in the series' first film The Philosopher's Stone and starred in the series for 10 years until the release of the eighth and final film, The Deathly Hallows – Part 2.

1983Jul 23
 
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Science, Disasters

Canadian B767 successfully lands after running of fuel

The aircraft was not sufficiently refueled before take-off because of confusion over unit measures. It ran out of fuel midway through the flight at an altitude of 12 500 meters with 69 people on board. The crew was able to glide the aircraft safely to an emergency landing at a former RCAF base in Gimli, Manitoba.

1982Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Movies, Personalities

Three actors are killed during the filming

Twilight Zone: Movie garnered notoriety before its release for the stunt helicopter crash which took the lives of Vic Morrow and two child actors, Myca Dinh Le and Renee Shin-Yi Chen. Their deaths led to a high-profile legal case, although at the end of the trial no one was found to be criminally culpable for the accident.

1976Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music

Wings release "Let 'em In"

"Let 'Em In" is a song by Wings from their album Wings at the Speed of Sound. It was written and sung by Paul McCartney and reached the top 3 in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. It was a No. 2 hit in the UK; in the U.S. it was a No. 3 pop hit and No. 1 easy listening hit.

1974Jul 23
 
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Politics

Greek military junta collapses

The Greek military junta was a series of far-right military juntas that ruled Greece following the 1967 Greek coup d'état led by a group of colonels. The dictatorship ended under the pressure of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The fall of the junta was followed by the Metapolitefsi and the establishment of the Third Hellenic Republic.

1972Jul 23
 
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Science

The first Earth Resources Technology Satellite is launched

Landsat 1 was the first satellite of the US' Landsat program, launched by a Delta 900 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. It was the first satellite launched with the sole purpose of studying and monitoring the planet.

1971Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Musician Alison Krauss is born

Alison Maria Krauss is an American bluegrass-country singer and musician. She entered the music industry at an early age, winning local contests by the age of ten and recording for the first time at fourteen. She has won 27 Grammy Awards from 42 nominations, making her the most awarded living recipient.

1969Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music

Rolling Stones are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Honky Tonk Women" is a hit song by the Rolling Stones. The single was released in the UK the day after the death of founding member Brian Jones where it remained on the charts for seventeen weeks peaking at number one for five weeks. The song topped the US Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks.

1967Jul 23
 
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Politics

Detroit riots begin

The Detroit riot was the bloodiest race riot in the "Long, hot summer of 1967". Composed mainly of confrontations between black people and police. It exploded into one of the deadliest and most destructive riots in American history, lasting five days and surpassing the violence and property destruction of Detroit's 1943 race riot 24 years earlier.

1965Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music

Beatles "Help" is released in UK

"Help!" is a song by the Beatles that served as the title song for both the 1965 film and its soundtrack album. It was released as a single and was number one for three weeks in both the United States and the United Kingdom. It was ranked at number 29 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

1965Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Musician Slash is born

Slash is an English-American musician and songwriter. He is best known as the lead guitarist of the American hard rock band Guns N' Roses, with whom he achieved worldwide success in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Slash has received critical acclaim and is considered one of the greatest rock guitarists.

1964Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music

The Beatles are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"A Hard Day's Night" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles. It was written by John Lennon, with some collaboration from Paul McCartney. The song topped the charts in both the United Kingdom and United States when it was released as a single.

1962Jul 23
 
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Business

The first live satellite signal to Britain from the US is broadcast

Telstar 1 was a communications satellite launched by NASA. It was the satellite that allowed the first live broadcast of television images between the United States and Europe. It remained active for only 7 months, a much shorter service life than today's artificial satellites.

1961Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Musician Martin Gore is born

Martin Lee Gore is an English singer-songwriter, guitarist, keyboardist, producer, remixer, and DJ. He is one of the founding members of the band Depeche Mode, and has written the majority of their songs. His work spans over four decades. His best-known compositions include "Personal Jesus", "Enjoy the Silence", and "Stripped".

1955Jul 23
 
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Art, Personalities

Robert Venturi marries Denise Scott Brown

Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown are architects, regarded as among the most influential architects of the twentieth century, both through their architecture and planning, and theoretical writing and teaching. They were married in Santa Monica, California.

1952Jul 23
 
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Politics

Egyptian monarchy is toppled by coup

The Egyptian coup d'etat was initiated by the Free Officers Movement, a group of army officers led by Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. Wholesale agrarian reform and huge industrialization programmes were initiated in the first decade and a half of the revolution, leading to an unprecedented period of infrastructure building, and urbanization.

1948Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Movies, Personalities

David W. Griffith dies aged 73

David Wark Griffith was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques. Griffith was discovered unconscious in the lobby of the Knickerbocker Hotel in Los Angeles, California, where he had been living alone. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on the way to a Hollywood hospital.

1947Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Singer David Essex is born

David Essex is an English musician, singer-songwriter, and actor. Since the 1970s, he has attained 19 Top 40 singles in the UK and 16 Top 40 albums. He has also had an extensive career as an actor. Essex's pop idol looks gave him a strong female fan base and his British tours created scenes of hysteria reminiscent of Beatlemania.

1947Jul 23
 
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Entertainment, Music, Personalities

Singer Tony Joe White is born

Tony Joe White is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for his hit "Polk Salad Annie" and for "Rainy Night in Georgia", which he wrote but was first made popular by Brook Benton in 1970. He first began performing music at school dances, and after graduating from high school he performed in night clubs in Texas and Louisiana.

Interwar period
1933Jul 23
 
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Art, Personalities

Architect Richard Rogers is born

Richard George Rogers is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture. Rogers is perhaps best known for his work on the Pompidou Centre in Paris, Lloyd's building and Millennium Dome both in London, the Senedd in Cardiff, and the European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg.

 

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