On this day

23rd of September
21st century
2016Sep 23
 
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Marriott and Starwood merge

Following all necessary regulatory approvals in the United States and around the world over the course of the year, Marriott closed the merger with Starwood in 2016, creating the world's largest hotel company with over 5700 properties, 1.1 million rooms, and a new portfolio of 30 brands.

2013Sep 23
 
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Paul McCartney plays on the roof of the El Capitan Theatre

Paul McCartney took over Hollywood Boulevard for a 15-song set that followed his appearance on Jimmy Kimmel Live. The former Beatle played a pair of songs for television on the roof of the El Capitan Theatre before heading downstairs to delight a crowd of 10,000 with Beatles selections and three songs from his forthcoming album New.

2013Sep 23
 
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Peshawar church bombing

In September 2013, a twin suicide bomb attack took place at All Saints Church in Peshawar, Pakistan, in which 127 people were killed and over 250 injured. It was the deadliest attack on the Christian minority in the history of Pakistan.

2009Sep 23
 
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"Modern Family" first airs on ABC

The pilot of the Modern Family, written by Steven Levitan and Christopher Lloyd, premiered on ABC. The pilot introduces viewers to three sets of people who make up a single family. The episode is shot in a mockumentary style, with a cameraman following the characters around their everyday lives and interviewing them at various intervals.

2008Sep 23
 
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"The Mentalist" first airs on CBS

The Mentalist is an American drama television series that ran from 2008, until 2015, broadcasting 151 episodes over seven seasons, on CBS. The show was created by Bruno Heller, who is also its executive producer. The show follows former "psychic" Patrick Jane, who is a consultant to the California Bureau of Investigation.

2005Sep 23
 
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"Ghost Whisperer" first airs on CBS

Ghost Whisperer is an American supernatural TV series, which ran on CBS from 2005 to 2010. The series follows the life of Melinda Gordon, who has the ability to see and communicate with ghosts. While trying to live a normal life as possible, Melinda helps earthbound spirits resolve their problems and cross over into the light, or the spirit world.

2004Sep 23
 
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Over 3,000 people die in Haiti after Hurricane Jeanne

Hurricane Jeanne was the deadliest hurricane in the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the tenth named storm, the seventh hurricane, and the fifth major hurricane of the season, as well as the third hurricane and fourth named storm of the season to make landfall in Florida.

2002Sep 23
 
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Mozilla Firefox is released

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation. Firefox was created in 2002 under the codename "Phoenix" by the Mozilla community members who desired a standalone browser, rather than the Mozilla Application Suite bundle.

2001Sep 23
 
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Minogue starts a five-week run at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Can't Get You Out of My Head" is a song recorded by Australian singer Kylie Minogue for her eighth studio album, titled Fever, which she released in 2001. The song was released in Australia by Parlophone as the lead single from her album. It was released in 2001 in the United Kingdom. In the United States, the single was released in 2002.

1990s
1999Sep 23
 
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Contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter is lost

In September 1999, communication with the spacecraft was lost as the spacecraft went into orbital insertion. The spacecraft encountered Mars on a trajectory that brought it too close to the planet, causing it to pass through the upper atmosphere and disintegrate.

1994Sep 23
 
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"The Shawshank Redemption" debuts

The Shawshank Redemption is a 1994 American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont, based on the 1982 Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. It tells the story of banker Andy Dufresne, who is sentenced to life in Shawshank State Penitentiary for the murder of his wife and her lover, despite his claims of innocence.

1993Sep 23
 
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Big Bayou Canot rail accident

The Big Bayou Canot rail accident was the derailing of an Amtrak train on the CSXT Big Bayou Canot bridge in southwestern Alabama, United States, in September 1993. It was caused by displacement of a span and deformation of the rails when a tow of heavy barges had collided with the bridge 8 minutes earlier. Forty-seven were killed and 103 were injured.

1992Sep 23
 
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The first female plays in a NHL exhibition game

In 1992, Manon Rhéaume signed a contract with the Tampa Bay Lightning of the NHL, appearing in preseason exhibition games in 1992 and 1993. She spent five years in professional minor leagues, playing for a total of 7 teams and appearing in 24 games. She also played on the Canada women's national ice hockey team, winning Gold Medals at the IIHF Women's World Championship in 1992 and 1994.

Cold-war era
1988Sep 23
 
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Argentinian tennis player Juan Martín del Potro is born

Juan Martín del Potro is an Argentine professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 4 in men's singles by the Association of Tennis Professionals. His biggest achievement has been winning the 2009 US Open, defeating Rafael Nadal in the semifinal and 5-time defending champion Roger Federer in the final.

1980Sep 23
 
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Bob Marley plays what would be his last concert

The Uprising Tour was a concert tour organized to support the album Uprising by Bob Marley and the Wailers. It was Marley's last tour and the biggest music tour of Europe in that year. The tour started at the Hallenstadion in Zürich, Switzerland, and ended at the Stanley Theater in Pittsburgh, which was Marley's last concert.

1977Sep 23
 
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David Bowie releases "Heroes" as a single

"Heroes" is a song recorded by the English musician David Bowie. It was co-written by Bowie and Brian Eno, produced by Bowie and Tony Visconti, recorded and released in 1977. A product of Bowie's "Berlin" period, the track was not a huge hit in the UK or US after its release, but it has since become one of Bowie's signature songs.

1974Sep 23
 
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Revival of "Gypsy" opens at the Winter Garden Theatre

Gypsy is a 1959 musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, and a book by Arthur Laurents. The 1974 Broadway revival opened at the Winter Garden Theatre for a planned limited engagement, closed after 120 performances and four previews. Angela Lansbury won the 1975 Tony Award.

1973Sep 23
 
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Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina

In 1973, Perón returned from an 18-year exile in Spain. A crowd of left-wing Peronists had gathered at the Ezeiza Airport in Buenos Aires to welcome and support him. An election was held in September of that year and Perón won but was plagued by age, illness and fatigue. The country drifted as inflation increased and the economy went out of control.

1973Sep 23
 
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Poet Pablo Neruda dies

Neruda was hospitalized with cancer at the time of the coup d'état led by Augusto Pinochet that overthrew Allende's government but returned home after a few days when he suspected a doctor of injecting him with an unknown substance for the purpose of murdering him on Pinochet's orders. He died in his house, just hours after leaving the hospital.

1972Sep 23
 
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Mac Davis earns one of the 70s' most head-scratching #1 hits

"Baby Don't Get Hooked on Me" is a hit song by country and pop singer-songwriter Mac Davis. From his breakthrough album of the same name, the song reached number one on both the Billboard Hot 100 and Easy Listening charts in 1972, spending three weeks atop each chart. Billboard ranked it as the No. 8 song of 1972.

1965Sep 23
 
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The Walker Brothers are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Make It Easy on Yourself" is a popular song written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David which was first a hit for Jerry Butler in 1962. The best-known version is the 1965 recording by the Walker Brothers for whom it was a #1 the UK hit. Dionne Warwick, who made a demo of this song in early 1962, later had a hit with the song in 1970.

1954Sep 23
 
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Director and playwright George C. Wolfe is born

George Costello Wolfe is an American playwright and director of theater and film. He won a Tony Award in 1993 for directing Angels in America: Millennium Approaches and another Tony Award in 1996 for his direction of the musical Bring in 'da Noise/Bring in 'da Funk. He served as Artistic Director of The Public Theatre from 1993 until 2004.

1952Sep 23
 
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Rocky Marciano knocks out Jersey Joe Walcott

Marciano faced the World Heavyweight Champion Jersey Joe Walcott, in Philadelphia in September 1952. Walcott dropped Marciano in the first round and steadily built a points lead. In the 13th, Walcott used his trademark feint to set up his right hand, but Marciano's "Suzie Q" landed first, a powerful right hook causing Walcott to slump to his knees with his arm draped over the ropes.

1949Sep 23
 
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American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen is born

Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band. Nicknamed "The Boss", he is widely known for his brand of poetic lyrics, his Jersey Shore roots, his distinctive voice, and his lengthy and energetic stage performances.

World War II
1943Sep 23
 
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Spanish singer Julio Iglesias is born

Julio José Iglesias de la Cueva is a Spanish singer and songwriter. In 1983, he was celebrated as having recorded songs in the most languages in the world, and in 2013 for being the Latin artist with the most records sold in history. He sold more than 100 million records worldwide in 14 languages.

1939Sep 23
 
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Sigmund Freud, the founder of modern psychoanalysis, dies

By mid-September 1939, Freud's cancer of the jaw was causing him increasingly severe pain and had been declared to be inoperable. The last book he read, Balzac's La Peau de chagrin, prompted reflections on his own increasing frailty and a few days later he turned to his doctor. He died later on 23rd September.

Interwar period
1938Sep 23
 
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Mobilization of the Czechoslovak army

A new cabinet, under General Jan Syrový, was installed and in September 1938 a decree of general mobilization was issued. The Czechoslovak army, modern and possessing an excellent system of frontier fortifications, was prepared to fight. The Soviet Union announced its willingness to come to Czechoslovakia's assistance. Beneš, however, refused to go to war without the support of the Western powers.

1932Sep 23
 
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Saudi Arabia kingdom is founded

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud. He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud. Saudi Arabia has since been an absolute monarchy, effectively a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamic lines.

1930Sep 23
 
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American musician Ray Charles is born

Ray Charles Robinson, known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer. Among friends and fellow musicians he preferred being called "Brother Ray". He was often referred to as "The Genius". Charles was blind from the age of seven.

1920Sep 23
 
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Mickey Rooney is born

Mickey Rooney was an American actor, vaudevillian, comedian, producer and radio personality. In a career spanning nine decades and continuing until shortly before his death, he appeared in more than 300 films and was one of the last surviving stars of the silent film era.

20th century
1909Sep 23
 
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The Phantom of the Opera is first published

The Phantom of the Opera is a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux. The novel is partly inspired by historical events at the Paris Opera during the nineteenth century and an apocryphal tale concerning the use of a former ballet pupil's skeleton in Carl Maria von Weber's 1841 production of Der Freischütz.

19th century
1889Sep 23
 
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Nintendo is founded

Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto. Nintendo is one of the world's largest video game companies by market capitalization, creating some of the best-known and top-selling video game franchises, such as Mario, The Legend of Zelda, and Pokémon.

1862Sep 23
 
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Otto von Bismarck is appointed prime minister of Prussia

In 1862, King Wilhelm I appointed Bismarck as Minister President of Prussia, a position he would hold until 1890, with the exception of a short break in 1873. He provoked 3 short, decisive wars against Denmark, Austria, and France. Following the victory against Austria, he abolished the supranational German Confederation and instead formed the North German Confederation.

1846Sep 23
 
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Neptune is observed

Neptune was observed with a telescope in September 1846 by Johann Galle within a degree of the position predicted by Urbain Le Verrier. Its largest moon, Triton, was discovered shortly thereafter, though none of the planet's remaining known 13 moons were located telescopically until the 20th century.

 

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