Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Hypercacher kosher supermarket siege

This attack occurred at a Hypercacher kosher supermarket in Porte de Vincennes in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo shooting two days earlier, and concurrently with the Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis in which the two Charlie Hebdo gunmen were cornered. Amedy Coulibaly had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

'Parks and Recreation' celebrates its 100th episode

Despite the generally low ratings, Parks and Recreation was renewed for a 6th season. NBC had a financial incentive to continue the series, as it owns the distribution rights via its NBCUniversal Television Distribution company: the 6th season put the series over the 100 episodes milestone, making it more viable for syndication.


Lionel Messi wins award for a record 3rd consecutive year

At the close of the year, Messi had scored a record 91 goals in all competitions for Barcelona and Argentina. Although FIFA did not acknowledge the achievement, citing verifiability issues, he received the Guinness World Records title for most goals scored in a calendar year. As the odds-on favorite, Messi again won the FIFA Ballon d'Or, becoming the only player in history to win the Ballon d'Or four times.

'In the Heights' closes on Broadway

The Broadway production closed after 29 previews and 1,184 regular performances. The final cast included Lin-Manuel Miranda, Arielle Jacobs, Marcy Harriell, Shaun Taylor-Corbett, Olga Merediz, Andréa Burns, Christopher Jackson, Tony Chriroldes, Priscilla Lopez, and Jon Rua.

Iran Air Flight 277 crashes

The aircraft crashed near Urmia Airport, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At least 77 of the more than 100 on board passengers died. The plane crashed after a go-around was initiated during final approach, in bad weather conditions.

Apple CEO Steve Jobs introduces the original iPhone

Steve Jobs introduced iPhone, combining three products — a revolutionary mobile phone, a widescreen iPod with touch controls, and a breakthrough Internet communications device with desktop-class email, Web browsing, searching and maps — into one small and lightweight handheld device.

'The Phantom of the Opera' surpassing 'Cats'

The Phantom of Opera became the longest-running show in Broadway history with its 7,486th performance, surpassing the previous record-holder Cats, also by Andrew Lloyd Webber and also produced by Mackintosh.

31st People's Choice Awards

They were hosted by Jason Alexander and Malcolm-Jamal Warner. Award for Favorite Male Movie Star was for Johnny Depp, who addresses the crowd live from satellite. Sean Hayes says that people do animation work because they get a ton of cash to work in their pajamas. He then presents the PCA for Favorite Animated Movie to Shrek 2.

Scissor Sisters are at No. 1 on the UK album chart

Scissor Sisters is the debut studio album by American glam rock band Scissor Sisters. It reached number 1 on the UK and Irish albums charts and was the best-selling album of 2004 in the UK. Both in UK and Ireland, the album has been certified Platinum more than 4 times.

Michael Jackson receives the Artist of the Century award

Famous for his choreography and music videos Jackson dominated pop music. During his career, Jackson won a record 26 American Music Awards. He appeared on the 29th annual American Music Awards to accept the Artist of the Century Award from comedian Chris Tucker at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles.

Video game 'Syberia' is released

Syberia is a graphic adventure developed and published by Microïds. It follows protagonist Kate Walker as she attempts to wrap up a sale on behalf of her law firm and travels across Europe and Russia. Syberia was a commercial success. According to Cedric Orvoine of Microïds, the game surpassed 225,000 units in sale after a month of release.

Apple announces start of iTunes as platform

iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It is used to play, download, and organize digital multimedia files, including music and video, on personal computers running the macOS and Windows operating systems. Content must be purchased through the iTunes Store.

26th People's Choice Awards

They were hosted by Don Johnson and Cheech Marin. Friends was awarded for Favorite Television Comedy Series. Lisa Kudrow did the speaking honors for the huge number of people involved that came up on stage. The winners of Favorite Musical Group was the Backstreet Boys. But they were not in attendance.

The accelerated expansion is discovered

The nature of the force that drives the growth of the cosmos is so mysterious that scientists named it "dark energy". It is thought to make up more than 70% of the universe. Cosmologists expected gravity to slow the expansion of the cosmos and even orchestrate its demise in a cosmic crunch at the end of time.

Heart attacks sends Frank Sinatra back to hospital

Frank Sinatra was hospitalized after suffering an apparent heart attack, just two days after he was released from the hospital for an unspecified ailment. He had an uncomplicated heart attack and was undergoing tests, observation and treatment and the prognosis was good. Sinatra was resting in a regular hospital room.

Whitney Houston is at #1 on the US singles chart

So Emotional is a song by American singer Whitney Houston. It was released as the third single from her second studio album Whitney. The song was written by Billy Steinberg and Tom Kelly. Commercially, it peaked at number 5 in the UK and number one in the Billboard Hot 100, where it became her 6th consecutive number one, and a dance chart hit.

British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

Mrs. Thatcher's visit of islanders, touring the battle grounds of last year's 74-day war with Argentina, and a warning that Britain will defend the Falklands for a very long time. It was secret flight to avoid possible Argentine interference. Thatcher’s leadership during the war ensured that the Falklands were liberated.

Italian engineer and architect Pier Luigi Nervi dies

The Italian architect, engineer, and builder was one of the most inventive exploiters of reinforced-concrete construction of the 20th century. Despite his bold designs, Nervi's approach to design was fairly practical. Nervi produced some of his most well-regarded projects towards the end of his career.


Bobby Orr's #4 jersey is retired by the Boston Bruins

Orr retired having scored 270 goals and 645 assists for 915 points in 657 games, adding 953 penalty minutes. At the time of his retirement, he was the leading defenceman in league history in goals, assists and points, tenth overall in assists and 19th in points.

UK coal miners start 7-week strike

The strike involved a dispute between the National Union of Mineworkers and the Conservative Edward Heath government over pay. The strike ended when the miners accepted an improved pay offer in a ballot. It was the 1st time since 1926 that British miners had been on official strike.


LA Lakers 33 game winning streak is over

The 1971–72 NBA season was the 26th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the Los Angeles Lakers winning the NBA Championship, beating the New York Knicks 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.

Western series 'Rawhide' debuts on CBS

Rawhide is an American Western TV series starring Eric Fleming and Clint Eastwood. The show aired for 8 seasons on the CBS network on Friday nights with a total of 217 black-and-white episodes. The series was produced and sometimes directed by Charles Marquis Warren, who also produced early episodes of Gunsmoke.

British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns from office

On Eden Anthony's own initiative, he followed an Israeli attack with an Anglo-French military force. He attempted to cover up the conspiracy, lied to Parliament and ordered his civil servants to burn the damaging evidence. Isolated, he resigned having shown the world that Britain was no longer the great power it had once been.

'Mambo Italiano' is at No. 1 on the UK singles chart

The song was written by Bob Merrill for the American singer Rosemary Clooney under a recording deadline. Yet it became a hit for Clooney, reaching number 10 in the Billboard Hot 100 and number one in the UK Singles Chart early in 1955. The writer wrote the song on a napkin in an Italian restaurant in New York City and then used the wall pay-phone to dictate the melody.


Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Louis fought a charity bout for the Navy Relief Society against his former opponent Buddy Baer which raised $47,000 for the fund. The next day, he volunteered to enlist as a private in the United States Army at Camp Upton, Long Island.

Ernest Shackleton reaches a record farthest South latitude

He accompanied Scott and Wilson on the expedition's journey to achieve the highest possible latitude in the direction of the South Pole and they set a record of Farthest South latitude of 82° 17′. The British flag was duly planted, and Shackleton named the polar plateau after King Edward VII.

Model construction Meccano is patented

The ideas for Meccano were first conceived by Frank Hornby and he developed and patented the construction kit. Meccano is a model construction system created in Liverpool. It enables the building of working models and mechanical devices. Although Meccano has always been seen as an engaging education toy.


Italian giants Lazio are formed

Lazio is a professional Italian sports club based in Rome, most known for its football activity. The society plays in the Serie A and have spent most of their history in the top tier of Italian football. Lazio have been Italian champions twice, and have won the Coppa Italia 6 times.

Mississippi declares its secession from the US

Mississippi became the second state to declare its secession from the Union, and it was one of the founding members of the Confederate States. The first 6 states to secede were those with the highest number of slaves. During the war, Union and Confederate forces struggled for dominance on the Mississippi River, critical to supply routes and commerce.

German astronomer Caroline Herschel dies

The first woman to discover a comet and officially recognized in a scientific position. Caroline frequently used a small Newtonian sweeper to study the sky on her own. Although she had been helping her brother for years, her own skills as an astronomer were recognized. Several of the comets she discovered bear her name.

Daguerrotype photo process is announced

The revolutionary process was explained, step by step, before a joint session of the Académie des Sciences and the Académie des Beaux-Arts, with an eager crowd of spectators spilling over into the courtyard outside. The process revealed on that day seemed magical. Each daguerreotype is a remarkably detailed.

Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax

Henderson reported results of calculations of the parallax of Alpha Centauri to the Royal Astronomical Society. He obtained a result that was larger than the modern value. He was relegated to second place because of his lack of confidence. He later published confirming observations by Thomas Maclear.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1992

Joseph Parker

born 1955

J. K. Simmons

died 2020

Rocky Johnson

born 1989

Nina Dobrev