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American biochemist Marshall W. Nirenberg dies

He was one of the three people who deciphered the genetic code. The other two were Har Gobind Khorana and Robert W. Holley. They were awarded by Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968. Later Nirenberg researched the homogeneous, which work as a coordinate for developing an embryo. He was also interested in neuroscience.

Wikipedia, a free wiki content encyclopedia, goes online

It was launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. The latter invented its name. It is a portmanteau of wiki and encyclopaedia. A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser. Wikipedia is run by a content management system called the wiki software.

Burnt House is uncovered in Jerusalem

The Burnt House is a museum presenting an excavated house from the Second Temple period situated 6 meters below the current street level in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The original Burnt House is believed to have been set on fire during the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.

The Derveni papyrus is found

It is an ancient Greek papyrus. The text is a philosophical treatise that is an allegorical commentary on an Orphic poem, a theogony concerning the birth of the gods, produced in the circle of the philosopher Anaxagoras. It was composed near the end of the fifth century BC. The roll itself dates to around 340 BC.

Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

His main innovation was a safety system which prevented the fall of the cabin. The design is still in use today. Ottis demonstrated it at the New York exposition in the Crystal Palace in a dramatic, death-defying presentation. First such passenger elevator was installed at 488 Broadway in New York City.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous