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"The Martian" is published by Crown

The Martian is a science fiction novel written by Andy Weir. It was his debut novel under his own name. It was originally self-published in 2011; Crown Publishing purchased the rights and re-released it 3 years later. The story follows an American astronaut, Mark Watney, as he becomes stranded alone on Mars in the year 2035 and must improvise in order to survive.

"The Phantom of the Opera" celebrates its 10,000th Broadway performance

Phantom began Broadway previews at the Majestic Theatre in 1988. Crawford, Brightman, and Barton reprised their respective roles from the West End. The production continues to play at the Majestic, where it became the first Broadway musical in history to surpass 10,000 performances.

Novelist Peter Benchley dies at 65

Benchley, the author of novel Jaws about a killer shark, died at his home in Princeton, New Jersey. According to doctors, the cause of death was pulmonary fibrosis, a progressive scarring of the lungs. He left behind his wife Wendy, 3 children -Tracy, Clayton and Christopher – and 5 grandchildren.

Whoopi Goldberg takes over the role of Pseudolus

"A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" musical was revived again with great success opening at the St. James Theatre and closing after 715 performances. The cast starred Nathan Lane as Pseudolus, replaced by Whoopi Goldberg and later by David Alan Grier. Lane won the 1996 Tony Award for Best Leading Actor and the Drama Desk Award, Outstanding Actor in a Musical; the production was nominated for the 1996 Tony Award and Drama Desk Award, Revival of a Musical.

"They're Playing Our Song" opens on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre

They're Playing Our Song is a musical with a book by Neil Simon, lyrics by Carole Bayer Sager, and music by Marvin Hamlisch. The musical opened on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre where it ran for 1,082 performances and 11 previews. Directed by Robert Moore and choreographed by Patricia Birch, the cast starred Robert Klein and Lucie Arnaz.

Madison Square Garden is officially opened

The new structure was one of the first of its kind to be built above the platforms of an active railroad station. It was an engineering feat constructed by Robert E. McKee of El Paso, Texas. Public outcry over the demolition of the Pennsylvania Station structure—an outstanding example of Beaux-Arts architecture—led to the creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.

Novelist Sidney Sheldon is born

Sheldon was born in Chicago, Illinois as Sidney Schechtel. He sold his first poem at the age of 10 for $5. Later, he enlisted in the army during WW2, however, his unit was disbanded before he got into combat. He moved to NYC and began progressing with his career, writing musicals, screenplays and novels.

Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Even though Salome was published in 1893 in Paris, it was not until 3 years later when it was finally performed. It told the story of Salome, stepdaughter of Herod Antipas, who requested the head of Jokanaan as a reward from him. During its performance, Wilde has been locked in the prison for sodomy and gross indecency.

Anniversaries of famous

died 1963

Sylvia Plath

born 1971

Damian Lewis