Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Kaduna State massacre

141 people were killed in the Kajuru LGA of the Nigerian state of Kaduna hours before the Nigerian general election. The dead included 11 Adara people and 130 Fulani. However, the Fulani group Miyetti Allah was reported to have published a list of 131 Fulani who had died and it also stated that the bodies of 66 Fulani were recovered while the bodies of 65 other Fulani remained missing. An attack by suspected Fulani gunmen on Ungwar Bardi killed 11 Adara people.

Stoneman Douglas High School shooting

A gunman opened fire at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, killing 17 students and staff members and injuring seventeen others. Witnesses identified 19-year-old former student Nikolas Cruz as the assailant, and he was arrested in Coral Springs by the Broward County Sheriff's Office shortly after he escaped the scene; Cruz had purchased food at Walmart and McDonald's restaurants after leaving the scene of the shooting.

Toshiba Chairman resigns as the company logs massive losses

Toshiba revealed unaudited details of a 390 billion yen corporate-wide loss, mainly arising from its majority-owned US-based Westinghouse nuclear construction subsidiary which was written down by 712 billion yen. Toshiba delayed filing financial results, and chairman Shigenori Shiga, formerly chairman of Westinghouse, resigned.

Adele is at #1 on the US album chart with her third studio album 25

In the United States, 25 sold 2.3 million after 3 days of availability, becoming the fastest-selling album of the 21st century and the best-selling album of 2015. The album reached sales of 2.433 million early on its 4th day, surpassing the single-week record for an album since Nielsen Soundscan began tracking sales in 1991. The album reached number 1 on US charts.

Sherlock star Benedict Cumberbatch marries Sophie Hunter

Cumberbatch is married to English theatre and opera director Sophie Hunter. Their engagement was announced in the "Forthcoming Marriages" section of The Times, after a 17-year friendship. The couple married at the 12th-century Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Mottistone on the Isle of Wight followed by a reception at Mottistone Manor.

Actress Ellen Page comes out as gay

Page came out as gay during a speech at the Human Rights Campaign's "Time to Thrive" conference in Las Vegas. She was included as part of The Advocate's annual "40 Under 40" list. Later she married dancer and teacher Emma Portner.


Pistorius shoots and kills Steenkamp at his Pretoria home

Oscar Pistorius shot Reeva Steenkamp four times through the locked door of his toilet while she was staying in his home. According to Pistorius, he shot Steenkamp believing she was an intruder. Pistorius was arrested and charged with murder. Judge Masipa sentenced him to six years in prison for murder, despite there being a minimum sentence of 15 years in South Africa.

Coldplay and Rihanna release "Princess of China"

"Princess of China" is a duet for Coldplay's fifth studio album Mylo Xyloto. The song starts with a sample of Sigur Rós' "Takk...", which is also featured throughout the song. It peaked at number 20 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and number four on the UK Singles Chart. The song was performed live on the 54th Grammy Awards.

Everybody Hurts goes to #1 on the UK singles chart

In an attempt to raise money for victims of the Haiti earthquake, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown asked Simon Cowell to arrange a charity single. Cowell chose "Everybody Hurts", Brown agreed to waive VAT on the single and R.E.M. agreed to waive all royalties. The release was under the name Helping Haiti.

Liam Gallagher marries singer Nicole Appleton

Gallagher and Nicole Appleton were married at Westminster Register Office, the same venue where he married Kensit. Also present were Appleton's sister Natalie and her husband, The Prodigy's Liam Howlett. Noel Gallagher and bandmates Gem Archer and Andy Bell were not notified until after the ceremony took place.

Northern Illinois University shooting

The Northern Illinois University shooting was a school shooting that took place at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, Illinois. Steven Kazmierczak opened fire with a shotgun and three pistols in a crowd of students on campus, killing five students and injuring an additional 17 people, before fatally shooting himself.

Rihanna releases "SOS"

"SOS" is a song from Rihanna's second studio album A Girl like Me. It's a dance-pop song which samples Soft Cell's 1981 recording of "Tainted Love". In the US, it topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart for three consecutive weeks, becoming her first number one single on the chart. "SOS" was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments of over 1,000,000 copies.

YouTube is established by 3 former Paypal employees

YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service was created by three former PayPal employees - Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim. Google bought the site in 2006 for US$1.65 billion; YouTube now operates as one of Google's subsidiaries.

The Cedar Revolution begins

The Cedar Revolution was a chain of demonstrations in Lebanon triggered by the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri. The popular movement was remarkable for its avoidance of violence, peaceful approach, and its total reliance on methods of civil resistance.

Dolly, the sheep, dies

First cloned mammal, sheep Dolly, was euthanized, because she suffered progressive lung disease and severe arthritis. There was probably no direct connection with Dolly being a clone. Lung diseases are a particular danger for sheep kept indoors and Dolly had to sleep inside for security reasons. Her stuffed remains are on display in National Museum of Scotland.

L'Oceanogràfic is opend

L'Oceanogràfic was opened in Valencia, Spain was designed by Félix Candela, Alberto Domingo, and Carlos Lázaro. There are 45000 animals of 500 species on a surface of around 110000 square meters, making it the largest complex of this type in Europe. The whole park is divided into ten areas, reflecting different habitats.

Elton John appears as himself in an episode of The Simpsons

The episode features singer Sir Elton John as himself. John's lines were recorded by current showrunner Al Jean, who found working with John being a "wonderful experience". "Elton John was a very nice person," Scully spoke for Jean in the DVD commentary for the episode, since Jean was busy during the commentary record.

"My Heart Will Go On" sets a new record for the most radio broadcasts

"My Heart Will Go On," is the main theme song to James Cameron's blockbuster film Titanic. The song became Dion's biggest hit, and one of the best-selling singles of all time, and was the world's best-selling single of 1998. The music video was directed by Bille Woodruff and released at the end of 1997.

Prince marries Mayte Garcia

Prince married his 22-year-old backup singer and dancer Mayte Garcia, on Valentine's Day 1996. Prince wrote many beautiful songs proclaiming his love for Mayte. The “Emancipation” album is one of many albums filled with songs devoted to Prince’s love for her.

"The Silence of the Lambs" is released

The Silence of the Lambs grossed $272.7 million worldwide against its $19 million budget. It was only the third film, the other two being It Happened One Night and One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, to win Academy Awards in all the top five categories: Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Director, and Adapted Screenplay.

First GPS satellite is launched

In 1983 a Korean Boeing 747 was shot down by Russian Su-15 fighter. The airliner flew inside military airspace due the navigation error. American president Ronald Reagan decided to make U. S. military satellite navigation system freely available for civilian use. First of the 24 GPS satellites was launched six years later.

"Livin’ On A Prayer" starts a four-week run at No. 1

"Livin' on a Prayer" is Bon Jovi's second chart-topping single from their album Slippery When Wet. The single was well received at both rock and pop radio and its music video was given heavy rotation at MTV, giving the band their first No. 1 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock chart and their second consecutive No. 1 Billboard Hot 100 hit.

Frank Zappa appears on an episode of the television series Miami Vice

In Miami Vice, Zappa portrayed a crime boss named Mr. Frankie. He was an actor or voice artist in episodes of Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, Miami Vice and The Ren & Stimpy Show. A voice part in The Simpsons never materialized, to creator Matt Groening's disappointment as Groening was a neighbor of Zappa and a lifelong fan.

Debut album by Whitney Houston is released

Whitney Houston is the debut studio album by American contemporary R&B and pop singer Whitney Houston. It was released by Arista Records. The album initially had a slow commercial response but began getting more popular in the summer. It eventually topped the Billboard 200 for 14 weeks in, generating three number-one singles.


Al Hill sets an NHL record by recording five points in his debut game

Al made his NHL debut for the Philadelphia Flyers and scored two goals and three assists in a 6-4 victory against the St. Louis Blues. Hill set the NHL record for most points in a debut, including scoring twice in the first period 0:36 and 11:33 against goaltender Yves Belanger.

"Grease" opens in New York

The new production, directed by Tom Moore and choreographed by Patricia Birch opened Off-Broadway at the Eden Theatre in downtown Manhattan. Though Grease opened geographically off-Broadway, it did so under first-class Broadway contracts. The show was deemed eligible for the Tony Awards, receiving seven Tony Award nominations.

Gallup Poll is released

Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company. The company became known for its public opinion polls conducted worldwide. It provides research and strategic consulting to large organizations in many countries.

"The Mighty Quinn" is at No. 1 on the UK singles chart

"Quinn the Eskimo (The Mighty Quinn)" is a folk-rock song written by Bob Dylan and first recorded during The Basement Tapes sessions in 1967. The song was recorded and released as the "Mighty Quinn" by the British band Manfred Mann and became a great success. It has been recorded by a number of performers, often under the "Mighty Quinn" title.

"Respect" by Aretha Franklin is recorded

Franklin's cover was a landmark for the feminist movement, and is often considered as one of the best songs of the R&B era, earning her two Grammy Awards for "Best Rhythm & Blues Recording" and "Best Rhythm & Blues Solo Vocal Performance, Female", and was inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame.

"8½" is released

8½ is a surrealist comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini. First released in Italy, Otto e mezzo received virtually unanimous acclaim, with reviewers hailing Fellini as "a genius possessed of a magic touch, a prodigious style".

US 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV

Jacqueline took American television viewers on a tour of the White House with Charles Collingwood of CBS News. The film was watched by 56 million television viewers in the US and was later distributed to 106 countries. Kennedy won a special Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Trustees Award for it at the Emmy Awards.


The VI Winter Olympic Games open in Oslo, Norway

The Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway attracted 694 athletes, 585 men, and 190 women, representing 30 countries, who participated in 4 sports and 22 events. Princess Ragnhild opened the Games, making it the 1st time Olympic Games had been declared open by a woman.


Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta

Robinson won the undisputed World Middleweight title with a 13th round technical knockout. Robinson outboxed LaMotta for the first 10 rounds, then unleashed a series of savage combinations on LaMotta for three rounds, finally stopping the champion for the first time in their legendary six-bout series.

Saint Valentine's Day Massacre

The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre is the name given to the 1929 Valentine's Day murder of 7 members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang. The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of Valentine's Day, where they were made to line up against a wall and shot by 4 unknown assailants. The incident resulted from the struggle between the Irish North Siders and their Italian South Side rivals, led by Al Capone.

Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London

The Importance of Being Earnest was first performed at the St James's Theatre on Valentine's Day in London. The play was quite a success, being praised for its humor, even though reviews pointed at its lack of social messages. However, Marquess of Queensberry was refused admission which later led to feud in court.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous