Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

The world's largest bee has been rediscovered

Megachile pluto, also known as Wallace's giant bee or raja is a very large Indonesian resin bee. It is the largest known living bee species. It was believed to be extinct until several specimens were discovered in 1981. There were no further confirmed sightings until two were collected and sold on eBay in 2018. A live female was found and filmed for the first time in 2019.

A fossil from a new species of tyrannosaur is discovered

Moros was first discovered at the Stormy Theropod site located in Emery County in the U.S. state of Utah. Palaeontologists had been researching the area for ten years when in 2013 limb bones were seen jutting out of a hillside by Lindsay Zanno, prompting the excavation. The type species Moros intrepidus was named and described by Lindsay E. Zanno, Ryan T. Tucker, Aurore Canoville, Haviv M. Avrahami, Terry A. Gates and Peter J. Makovicky.

Murder of Ján Kuciak

Ján Kuciak was a Slovak journalist who focused mainly on investigation of tax frauds of several businessmen connected to top-level Slovak politicians. He and his fiancée were found shot dead in their home. The murders sparked protests and political crisis. Three suspects, out of 8 arrested were charged with 1st degree murder.

Essendon plane crashes

A Beechcraft King Air aircraft operating a charter flight, carrying a pilot and four passengers bound for King Island, crashed seconds after taking off from Essendon Airport in Melbourne. Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said it was the worst civil aviation accident in Victoria in 30 years.

Halo Wars 2 is released

Halo Wars 2 was developed by 343 Industries and Creative Assembly. The game was published by Microsoft Studios and released on Windows and Xbox. After its release, the game received reviews from average to generally favorable, however, its AI behavior drew some criticism, being regarded as too easy and not very smart.

Police in Kiev open fire on protesters

After the first day of Ukrainian revolution clashes, 26 people were reported dead: 16 protesters and 10 police officers. Those hospitalized included three minors, five journalists, and 79 police officers. According to Olga Bogomolets, an honored doctor of Ukraine, "snipers were aiming at heart, lungs and neck".

Hyderbrad blasts

Two bombs exploded in Dilsukhnagar, one of the largest commercial and residential centers in the city of Hyderabad, India. The whole incident claimed the lives of 18 people and left 131 of them with non-fatal injuries. There were 5 men sentenced to death for waging war against nation, criminal conspiracy and murder.

EU agrees €130 billion bailout for Greece

The second bailout programme was ratified in February 2012. A total of €240 billion was to be transferred in regular tranches through December 2014. The recession worsened and the government continued to dither over bailout program implementation.

Alibaba fires CEO David Wei

Two executives at Alibaba, China's largest e-commerce group, have resigned after a rise in fraudulent sales. The pair, chief executive David Wei Zhe and chief operating officer Elvis Lee Shi-Huei, were not involved in the frauds but were taking responsibility for a "systemic breakdown".

Cult animated series Avatar: The Last Airbender debuts

American paid TV network Nickelodeon launched an animated series Avatar: The Last Airbender. The series was presented in a style that combined anime with American cartoons. At its premiere, The Last Airbender became the highest-rated animated TV series in its demographic, with an average of 3.1 million viewers.

Elaine Stritch opens her solo show on Broadway

Elaine Stritch and John Lahr wrote an autobiographical one-woman show, composed of spoken monologues from Stritch following her life and career. After its successful run at The Public Theater, it transferred to Broadway where it premiered at Neil Simon Theatre. It ran there for a total of 69 performances.

EU bans all British milk, meat and livestock exports

The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001 caused a crisis in British agriculture and tourism. The effort to prevent the spread of the disease, which caused a complete ban on the sale of British pigs, sheep, and cattle. The final case was reported on 30 September. With about 80,000 - 93,000 animals per week being slaughtered.

Acterss Sophie Turner is born

Sophie Turner is an English actress. Turner made her professional acting debut as Sansa Stark on the HBO fantasy television series Game of Thrones, which brought her international recognition. She was born in Northampton, England, the daughter of Sally, a nursery school teacher, and Andrew, who works for a pallet distribution company.

Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers" opens

Lost in Yonkers by Neil Simon was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. At the Richard Rodgers Theatre, the play ran for 780 performances and 11 previews. It was produced by Emanuel Azenberg and directed by Gene Saks. The cast included Jamie Marsh, Irene Worth, Mercedes Ruehl, and Kevin Spacey.

Ben E. King is at #1 on the UK singles chart with "Stand By Me"

The Stand by Me song was written by Ben E. King, Jerry Leiber, and Mike Stoller. It was featured on the soundtrack of the film of the same name. The song was ranked 122nd on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Dolly Parton is at #1 on the US charts with "9 To 5"

9 to 5 song was written and recorded by Dolly Parton for the comedy film of the same name. It was nominated for 4 Grammy Awards, winning the awards for Best Country Song and Best Country Vocal Performance, Female. The song is included on Parton's album called 9 to 5 and Odd Jobs.

Fleetwood Mac release album "Rumours"

Rumours is the 11th studio album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac. The album was released by Warner Bros. Records and includes songs such as Go Your Own Way, Dreams or Don't Stop. It won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. The album sold over 40 million copies worldwide.


NHL player Tim Horton dies in a car crash at 44

Tim Horton was a Canadian professional ice hockey player. He died after he lost control of his car on the Queen Elizabeth Way in St. Catharines, Ontario. Horton's blood alcohol level was twice the legal limit and he was also in possession of the drugs. He was buried at York Cemetery in Toronto.

Nixon makes historic visit to China

U.S. President Richard Nixon's visit to China was an important strategic and diplomatic overture that marked the culmination of the Nixon administration's rapprochement between the United States and China. The seven-day official visit to three Chinese cities was the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC.

Simon & Garfunkel are at #1 on the UK album chart

Bridge over Troubled Water is the 5th and final studio album by American folk rock duo Simon & Garfunkel. It includes singles such as Bridge over Troubled Water and The Boxer which were both listed on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Malcolm X is assassinated

Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. He was assassinated by three members of the Nation of Islam while he was preparing to address the OAAU in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom.


Duncan Edwards dies from injuries sustained in the Munich air disaster

Duncan Edwards was aboard a plane that crashed on takeoff near Munich in Germany, after refuelling stop. In total, 7 of his teammates and 14 other passengers died at the scene. Edwards was rushed to the Rechts der Isar Hospital with multiple injuries. Edwards eventually passed away after several days. He was buried at Dudley Cemetery.

DNA structure is discovered

British molecular biologist Francis Crick and his American colleague James Watson reached their conclusion about the double helix structure of the DNA molecule. Their work was based on older studies done by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling and Maurice Wilkins. Watson and Crick published the DNA structure on 25 April in Nature.

American designer William McDonough is born

He is known for his concept of upcycling - to replace mere recycling with methods to process materials in ways that improve them for reuse. Together with German chemist Michael Braungart he wrote an influential book Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. He runs a company William McDonough + Partners, which sells practical applications of the concept.


NASCAR is incorporated

Bill France Sr. founded an American family-owned and operated business venture that sanctions and governs multiple auto racing sports events, NASCAR. The first Commissioner of NASCAR was Erwin "Cannonball" Baker. Nowadays, the company's CEO is a grandson of Bill France Sr.

Polaroid camera is demonstrated for the first time

American inventor Edwin Land demonstrated the Polaroid camera at the meeting of the Optical Society of America in New York City. It made black-and-white photograph in just sixty seconds. The Polaroid cameras were very popular for most of the second half of the twentieth century. Land also invented a new theory of colour vision.

Hideki Tojo, takes over as army chief of staff

Tojo assumed the post of Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, arguing he needed to take personal charge of the Army. When Field Marshal Sugiyama complained to the Emperor about being fired and having the Prime Minister run the General Staff, the Emperor told him he supported Tojo.

Singer Nina Simone is born

Nina Simone was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and activist in the Civil Rights Movement. Simone was born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in North Carolina and raised in Tryon, North Carolina. The sixth of eight children in a poor family, she began playing piano at the age of three.

Greta Garbo makes her US feature film debut in Torrent

Swedish-American actress Greta Garbo made her debut in the US filmography in the movie Torrent, a silent romantic drama film. Garbo was cast as one of the main characters, the Spanish peasant girl Leonora Moreno. The movie was a success, grossing roughly $668,000 worldwide, netting a profit of $126,000 for MGM.

The New Yorker magazine debuts

The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. It was founded by Harold Ross and his wife, Jane Grant, a New York Times reporter. It is published by Condé Nast. Started as a weekly, the magazine is now published 47 times annually.

American psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan is born

He was a modern psychoanalyst and believed that psychic disorders could be traced back to families who did not know how to relate to their children, who consequently did not feel accepted and loved. As a psychotherapist, he tried to improve a patient's interpersonal skill and guide his personality development during interactions with other people.

Washington Monument is dedicated

The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate George Washington, the 1st President of the USA. The monument is made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss and it is the tallest obelisk in the world.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1946

Alan Rickman

born 1996

Sophie Turner

born 1969

J. D. Gibbs

born 1979

Jordan Peele