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Essendon plane crashes

A Beechcraft King Air aircraft operating a charter flight, carrying a pilot and four passengers bound for King Island, crashed seconds after taking off from Essendon Airport in Melbourne. Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said it was the worst civil aviation accident in Victoria in 30 years.

Police in Kiev open fire on protesters

After the first day of Ukrainian revolution clashes, 26 people were reported dead: 16 protesters and 10 police officers. Those hospitalized included three minors, five journalists, and 79 police officers. According to Olga Bogomolets, an honored doctor of Ukraine, "snipers were aiming at heart, lungs and neck".

EU agrees €130 billion bailout for Greece

The second bailout programme was ratified in February 2012. A total of €240 billion was to be transferred in regular tranches through December 2014. The recession worsened and the government continued to dither over bailout program implementation.

Alibaba fires CEO David Wei

Two executives at Alibaba, China's largest e-commerce group, have resigned after a rise in fraudulent sales. The pair, chief executive David Wei Zhe and chief operating officer Elvis Lee Shi-Huei, were not involved in the frauds but were taking responsibility for a "systemic breakdown".

EU bans all British milk, meat and livestock exports

The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001 caused a crisis in British agriculture and tourism. The effort to prevent the spread of the disease, which caused a complete ban on the sale of British pigs, sheep, and cattle. The final case was reported on 30 September. With about 80,000 - 93,000 animals per week being slaughtered.

Acterss Sophie Turner is born

Sophie Turner is an English actress. Turner made her professional acting debut as Sansa Stark on the HBO fantasy television series Game of Thrones, which brought her international recognition. She was born in Northampton, England, the daughter of Sally, a nursery school teacher, and Andrew, who works for a pallet distribution company.

Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers" opens

Lost in Yonkers by Neil Simon was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. At the Richard Rodgers Theatre, the play ran for 780 performances and 11 previews. It was produced by Emanuel Azenberg and directed by Gene Saks. The cast included Jamie Marsh, Irene Worth, Mercedes Ruehl, and Kevin Spacey.

Ben E. King is at No. 1 on the UK singles chart with "Stand By Me"

The Stand by Me song was written by Ben E. King, Jerry Leiber, and Mike Stoller. It was featured on the soundtrack of the film of the same name. The song was ranked 122nd on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Actress Ellen Page is born

Ellen Page is a Canadian actress. Her career began with roles in Canadian television shows including Pit Pony, Trailer Park Boys, and ReGenesis. Page was born and raised in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the daughter of Martha Philpotts, a teacher, and Dennis Page, a graphic designer.

Dolly Parton is at No. 1 on the US charts with "9 To 5"

9 to 5 song was written and recorded by Dolly Parton for the comedy film of the same name. It was nominated for 4 Grammy Awards, winning the awards for Best Country Song and Best Country Vocal Performance, Female. The song is included on Parton's album called 9 to 5 and Odd Jobs.

Actress Jennifer Love Hewitt is born

Jennifer Love Hewitt is an American actress, singer, songwriter, producer, and director. Hewitt began her career as a child actress and singer, appearing in national television commercials before joining the cast of the Disney Channel series Kids Incorporated. She is known for her role as Julie James in the horror film I Know What You Did Last Summer.

Fleetwood Mac release album "Rumours"

Rumours is the 11th studio album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac. The album was released by Warner Bros. Records and includes songs such as Go Your Own Way, Dreams or Don't Stop. It won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. The album sold over 40 million copies worldwide.

1974

NHL player Tim Horton dies in a car crash at 44

Tim Horton was a Canadian professional ice hockey player. He died after he lost control of his car on the Queen Elizabeth Way in St. Catharines, Ontario. Horton's blood alcohol level was twice the legal limit and he was also in possession of the drugs. He was buried at York Cemetery in Toronto.

Nixon makes historic visit to China

U.S. President Richard Nixon's visit to China was an important strategic and diplomatic overture that marked the culmination of the Nixon administration's rapprochement between the United States and China. The seven-day official visit to three Chinese cities was the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC.

Simon & Garfunkel are at No. 1 on the UK album chart

Bridge over Troubled Water is the 5th and final studio album by American folk rock duo Simon & Garfunkel. It includes singles such as Bridge over Troubled Water and The Boxer which were both listed on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Malcolm X is assassinated

Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. He was assassinated by three members of the Nation of Islam while he was preparing to address the OAAU in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom.

DNA structure is discovered

British molecular biologist Francis Crick and his American colleague James Watson reached their conclusion about the double helix structure of the DNA molecule. Their work was based on older studies done by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling and Maurice Wilkins. Watson and Crick published the DNA structure on 25 April in Nature.

American designer William McDonough is born

He is known for his concept of upcycling - to replace mere recycling with methods to process materials in ways that improve them for reuse. Together with German chemist Michael Braungart he wrote an influential book Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. He runs a company William McDonough + Partners, which sells practical applications of the concept.

1948

NASCAR is incorporated

Bill France Sr. founded an American family-owned and operated business venture that sanctions and governs multiple auto racing sports events, NASCAR. The first Commissioner of NASCAR was Erwin "Cannonball" Baker. Nowadays, the company's CEO is a grandson of Bill France Sr.

Polaroid camera is demonstrated for the first time

American inventor Edwin Land demonstrated the Polaroid camera at the meeting of the Optical Society of America in New York City. It made black-and-white photograph in just sixty seconds. The Polaroid cameras were very popular for most of the second half of the twentieth century. Land also invented a new theory of colour vision.

Actor Alan Rickman is born

Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was an English actor and director known for playing a variety of roles on stage and on screen. Rickman was born in Hammersmith, West London to a working-class family, the son of Margaret Doreen Rose and Bernard William Rickman. He is known for his role as Severus Snape in the Harry Potter series.

Hideki Tojo, takes over as army chief of staff

Tojo assumed the post of Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, arguing he needed to take personal charge of the Army. When Field Marshal Sugiyama complained to the Emperor about being fired and having the Prime Minister run the General Staff, the Emperor told him he supported Tojo.

Singer Nina Simone is born

Nina Simone was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and activist in the Civil Rights Movement. Simone was born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in North Carolina and raised in Tryon, North Carolina. The sixth of eight children in a poor family, she began playing piano at the age of three.

The New Yorker magazine debuts

The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. It was founded by Harold Ross and his wife, Jane Grant, a New York Times reporter. It is published by Condé Nast. Started as a weekly, the magazine is now published 47 times annually.

American psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan is born

He was a modern psychoanalyst and believed that psychic disorders could be traced back to families who did not know how to relate to their children, who consequently did not feel accepted and loved. As a psychotherapist, he tried to improve a patient's interpersonal skill and guide his personality development during interactions with other people.

Washington Monument is dedicated

The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate George Washington, the 1st President of the USA. The monument is made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss and it is the tallest obelisk in the world.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1946

Alan Rickman

born 1996

Sophie Turner

born 1969

J. D. Gibbs

born 1979

Jordan Peele