Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Nintendo releases the popular Switch console

The Nintendo Switch is the 7th major video game console developed by Nintendo. It was unveiled in October 2016 and was released worldwide in March 2017. Nintendo considers the Switch a "hybrid" console: it is designed primarily as a home console, with the main unit inserted into a docking station to connect to a television.

Video game The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild is released

The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild is an action-adventure game developed and published by Nintendo. A part of The Legend of Zelda series, it was released for the Nintendo Switch and Wii U consoles in March 2017. The story follows Link, who awakens from a hundred-year slumber to a mysterious voice that guides him to defeat Calamity Ganon.

"Vikings" first airs on History

Vikings, written and created by Michael Hirst, is a historical drama series that tells a story about the exploits of the legendary Viking chieftain Ragnar Lothbrok and his crew. The series begins at the start of the Viking Age and follows Ragnar's quest to become Earl, and his desire to raid England.

Train crashes in Poland

A head-on crash of two trains, one bound to Krakow and the other to Warsaw occurred near the town of Szczekociny in Poland. There were 16 victims and 58 injured people. Because of the scheduled engineering works on the track at the railway station, the train bound to Krakow happened to be on the wrong one track.

"Alice in Wonderland" is released

Alice in Wonderland is a 2010 American fantasy adventure film directed by Tim Burton from a screenplay written by Linda Woolverton. The film stars Johnny Depp, Anne Hathaway, Helena Bonham Carter, Crispin Glover, Matt Lucas and Mia Wasikowska, and features the voices of Alan Rickman, Stephen Fry, Michael Sheen, and Timothy Spall.

Video game Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X is released

Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X is a 2009 arcade flight video game developed by Ubisoft Bucharest and published by Ubisoft for Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. In September 2010, a sequel titled Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X 2 was released for Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. The Microsoft Windows and Wii versions were released in November 2010.

Duffy releases her debut album "Rockferry"

Rockferry is the debut studio album by Welsh singer Duffy, released in March 2008 in the UK by A&M Records. It was released in the US by Mercury Records. Duffy worked with several producers and writers on the album, including Bernard Butler, Steve Booker, Jimmy Hogarth and Eg White. The album took four years to record in total.

50 Cent releases album "The Massacre"

The Massacre is the second studio album by 50 Cent. It was released in March of 2005, by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment, Interscope Records and Universal Music Group. The album debuted and peaked at #1 on the US Billboard 200, selling 1.15 million copies in its 1st week.

Solo non-stop global flight

American adventurer Steve Fossett completed the first solo non-stop flight around the world without refueling. The flight took 67 hours and one minute. Forsett’s aircraft, the GlobalFlyer, was designed by Burt Rutan. It was made of light composites. The fuel comprised 86 percent of its weight at take-off.

Singer Camila Cabello is born

Camila Cabello rose to fame as a member of the girl group Fifth Harmony, formed during the 2nd season of The X Factor in 2012. After leaving Fifth Harmony in 2016, she released the solo single Crying in the Club. In 2018, she released her debut studio album called Camila with its lead single Havana.

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina is established

Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence and received international recognition the following month. The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was subsequently admitted as a member state of the United Nations.

Los Angeles police officers severely beat motorist Rodney King

Rodney Glen King became known internationally as the victim of Los Angeles Police Department brutality. The four officers were tried on charges of use of excessive force; three were totally acquitted, the jury failed to reach a verdict on one charge for the fourth.

United Airlines Flight 585 crashes

Scheduled passenger Flight 585 from Peoria in Illinois to Colorado Springs crashed into Widefield Park, little less than 4 miles from the runway on which it was supposed to land. The initial investigation could not identify the cause. Renewed investigation determined crash there was a problem with rudder power control unit.

UK miners call off year-long strike, the longest-running industrial dispute in Britain

The miners' strike of 1984–85, led by Arthur Scargill of the National Union of Mineworkers against the National Coal Board, was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures. The strike was ruled illegal in September 1984, as no national ballot had been held and it ended in March 1985.

Cartoonist Hergé dies at 75

Hergé was diagnosed with bone marrow cancer and required complete blood transfusions. It continuously worsened, requiring one every week. He died in hospital, few days after entering cardiac arrest. Numerous francophone newspapers wrote about his death on the front page.

Actress Jessica Biel is born

Jessica Claire Timberlake is an American actress, model, producer, and singer. Biel began her career as a vocalist appearing in musical productions until she was cast as Mary Camden in the family-drama series 7th Heaven, for which she achieved recognition. She is also known for her role as Erin Hardesty in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre.

Singer Ronan Keating is born

Ronan Patrick John Keating is an Irish recording artist, singer, musician, and philanthropist. He debuted in 1994 alongside Keith Duffy, Michael Graham, Shane Lynch, and Stephen Gately, as the lead singer of Irish group Boyzone. His solo career started in 1999 and until then, he has recorded nine albums.

Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes

Regularly scheduled flight from Istanbul to London crashed into Ermenonville Forest, near its stop in Paris. All of 346 people on board died, making it deadliest plane crash at the time. It was caused by improperly secured cargo door, which was torn off, causing decompression which severed necessary controlling cables.

English physicist Brian Cox is born

He is known as the television presenter of popular science shows especially the Wonders of... series. He also published eight popular science books, for example, “Why Does E=mc²? (And Why Should We Care?),” written with Jeff Forshaw. As a scientist, he is interested mainly in high energy physics. He has been the author or co-author of over 950 scientific publications.

Start of the Pioneer 4 probe

NASA successfully launched unmanned spacecraft Pioneer 4. It was the first US probe to escape Earth's gravity. The mission goal was a lunar flyby. It was only a partial success. The probe passed the Moon at a distance about 60,000 km. it was twice the planned distance. After the flyby, the Pioneer 4 entered a heliocentric orbit.

The second Eurovision Song Contest

The 2nd Eurovision Song Contest was held in Frankfurt am Main, West Germany. The presenter of the show was Anaïd Iplicjian. The contest was won by the Netherlands with the song Net als toen, performed by Corry Brokken. Because of the low number of people with television, it was still mainly a radio programme.

Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10 "Heartbreak Hotel"

"Heartbreak Hotel" is a song recorded by American singer Elvis Presley. The single topped Billboard's Top 100 chart for 7 weeks, Cashbox's pop singles chart for 6 weeks, was No. 1 on the Country and Western chart for 17 weeks and reached No. 3 on the R&B chart, becoming Presley's 1st million-seller, and one of the best-selling singles of 1956.


Brazilian coach and former footballer Zico is born

Arthur Antunes Coimbra, better known as Zico, is a Brazilian coach and former footballer, who played as an attacking midfielder. He was a creative playmaker, with excellent technical skills, vision, and an eye for goal, who is considered one of the most clinical finishers and best passers ever, as well as one of the greatest players of all time.

Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy

The Battle of the Bismarck Sea took place in the South West Pacific Area during World War II when aircraft of the U.S. Fifth Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force attacked a Japanese convoy carrying troops to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the task force was destroyed, and Japanese troop losses were heavy.

Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Mumbai to protest against autocratic rule in India

In his cell at Yerovda Jail near Bombay Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest of the British government’s decision to separate India’s electoral system by caste. Gandhi announced he was beginning a “fast unto death” in order to protest British support of a new Indian constitution, which gave the country’s lowest classes–known as “untouchables”–their own separate political representation for a period of 70 years.

Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia

Petroleum was discovered in March 1938 and followed up by several other finds in the Eastern Province. Saudi Arabia has since become the world's largest oil producer and exporter, controlling the world's second-largest oil reserves and the sixth largest gas reserves.

Mount Rushmore is dedicated

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is located in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, US. Sculpted faces of famous presidents – Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln are carved into the mountain. Originally, they were to be depicted from head to waist but lack of funds meant the end of construction.

Time magazine debuts

Time is an American weekly news magazine created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, which made it the first weekly news magazine in the US. The two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor of the Yale Daily News. Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives was on the cover of the first issue.

AT&T is incorporated

Founded in 1885 as the original American Telephone and Telegraph Company, it was at times the world's largest telephone company, the world's largest cable television operator, and a regulated monopoly. At its peak in the 1950s and 1960s, it employed one million people and the company revenue was roughly $3 billion annually.

Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres

The premiere of Carmen was initially delayed. It took place at Opéra-Comique in Paris. The reviews ranged from disappointment to outrage, complaining about the noise of the orchestra and defective morality of characters. However, Carmen achieved international acclaim in the following years, after the death of Bizet.


Indoor ice hockey game is recorded for the first time

The 1st indoor hockey game was played at Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal. It was organized by James Creighton, a captain of one of the teams. The game was played between two nine-member teams, using a wooden puck. Players used skates and sticks used for outdoor hockey.

Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

Founded as a result of an Act of Congress that was approved by Abraham Lincoln, the NAS is charged with "providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science and technology. … to provide scientific advice to the government 'whenever called upon' by any government department.

The two-day Great Slave Auction, the largest such auction in U.S. history, concludes

The Great Slave Auction in March 1859 is regarded as the largest sale of enslaved people before the American Civil War. To satisfy significant debts, absentee owner and Philadelphian Pierce Mease Butler, authorized the sale of approximately 436 men, women, children, and infants to be sold over the course of two days.

France and the United Kingdom declare war on China

The Second Opium War was a war pitting the UK and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China. The British and the French joined forces under Admiral Sir Michael Seymour. The British army and the French army together attacked and occupied Canton in late 1857. The British-French Alliance maintained control of Canton for nearly four years.

Scottish-born inventor Alexander Graham Bell is born

He is credited with patenting the first practical telephone and founding the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T). Bell’s invention of the telephone was influenced by the fact that both his mother and wife were deaf. Bell himself considered telephone intrusive and refused to have it in his study.

Florida becomes 27th state of the Union

Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. Florida became the 27th state to join the United States of America. The state was admitted as a slave state and ceased to be a sanctuary for runaway slaves. Initially, its population grew slowly. Florida is the 3rd-most populous state of U.S.

The first performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony

The premiere of Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 3 took place in Leipzig Gewandhaus, few weeks after it was published. It was a concert hall in Germany, home of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. The symphony consists of four interconnected movements. They took their components from Scottish folk dances and music.

US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

The Mexican province of Tejas declared its independence from Mexico during the Texas Revolution. When The Texas war of independence ended, Mexico refused to recognize the independence of the Republic of Texas, and intermittent conflicts between the two states continued into the 1840s. The United States recognized the Republic of Texas in March.

Anniversaries of famous