Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Peugeot buys GM's European arm with Opel and Vauxhall brands

French PSA group bought General Motors for €2.2 billion, merging the companies together. This expands their brands of Citroen and Peugeot by Opel and British Vauxhall. The deal makes PSA bigger than Renault, being second only to Volkswagen. UK government wanted to seek assurance on the UK jobs from PSA.

Harrison Ford crash-lands his 1942 Ryan Aeronautical ST3KR aeroplane in California

Ford's plane, believed to be a Ryan PT-22 Recruit, made an emergency landing on the Penmar Golf Course in Venice, California. Ford had radioed in to report that the plane had experienced engine failure. Ford suffered a broken pelvis and broken ankle during the accident, as well as other injuries.

Video game Tomb Raider is released

Tomb Raider is an action-adventure video game developed by Crystal Dynamics and published by Square Enix. Tomb Raider is the 10th title in the franchise and operates as a reboot that reconstructs the origins of Lara Croft. It was released in March 2013 for Microsoft Windows, PS 3 and X360, and in January 2014 for OS X, and in April 2016 for Linux.

Video game The Sims 3: University Life is released

The Sims 3: University Life is the ninth expansion pack for The Sims 3. The game was officially announced in January 2013. The expansion pack was released in March 2013 although it was first leaked on the Russian version of Origin but later taken down.

Video game Resident Evil 5 is released

Resident Evil 5, known in Japan as Biohazard 5, is a third-person shooter video game developed and published by Capcom and released in 2009. It is the 7th major installment in the Resident Evil series and was announced in 2005, the same year its predecessor Resident Evil 4 was released.

Martha Stewart is found guilty on all charges in stock-trading affair

Businesswoman Stewart was found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of an agency proceedings and false statements to investigators. The court sentenced her for 5 months in prison and 2 years of supervised release. She was electronically monitored for 5 months. Besides that, she had to pay a fine of $30,000.

Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing

Suicide bombing attack occurred in Haifa, Israel on Egged company bus. Most of the 17 victims and 53 injured were students from Haifa University. Responsibility was claimed by Palestinian organization Hamas. It was carried out by a student who detonated a bomb hidden underneath his clothes, that was strapped to his body.

Michael Jackson starts a seven-week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"Billie Jean" was written and composed by Jackson and produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson. It was one of the best-selling singles of 1983, was the biggest-selling single for Jackson as a solo artist, and remains one of the best-selling singles worldwide. In the United States, the song stayed at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for seven weeks.

John Belushi dies from an overdose of cocaine and heroin

John Belushi struggled with heavy drug use that affected his comedy career. In 1982, he died from combined drug intoxication caused by an injection of a heroin and cocaine mixture, known as a speedball. He was posthumously honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2004.


Norwegian snowboarder Andreas Wiig is born

Andreas Ygre Wiig is a Norwegian professional snowboarder. He rides regular. Andreas was born in Oslo and grew up in Asker. He made a name for himself when he won two gold medals at the 2007 and 2008 Winter X Games. Wiig already had a bronze medal in WXG 2005 and a silver medal in 2006.

The first "home computer" ZX81 is launched in UK

ZX81 was produced by Sinclair Research and launched in the UK as the successor to their ZX80. It was very successful, being sold as a low-cost home computer for the public. It sold over 1.5 million units. It was small and simple, using only a few components to keep the price down. Programs and data were saved onto cassettes.

Actress Eva Mendes is born

Eva de la Caridad Méndez, known professionally as Eva Mendes, is an American actress, model, and businesswoman. She began acting in the late 1990s. After a series of roles in B movies such as Children of the Corn V: Fields of Terror in 1998 and Urban Legends: Final Cut in 2000, she made a career-changing appearance in Training Day in 2001.

"Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin is first played live

"Stairway to Heaven" is a song by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released in late 1971. The inaugural public performance of the song took place at Belfast's Ulster Hall in March 1971. Bassist John Paul Jones recalls that the crowd was unimpressed: "They were all bored to tears waiting to hear something they knew."

"Airport" is released

"Airport" is a 1970 American disaster-drama film starring Burt Lancaster and Dean Martin, directed and written by George Seaton, and based on Arthur Hailey's 1968 novel of the same name. It originated the 1970s disaster film genre. It is also the first in the Airport film series. Produced on a $10 million budget, it earned over $100 million.

The 11th Eurovision Song Contest

The 11th Eurovision Song Contest was held in Luxembourg, following the country's win at the previous edition. The presenter of the show was Josiane Chen. The winner was Austria with the song Merci, Chérie performed and composed by Udo Jürgens.

The Manish Boys release single "I Pity The Fool"

"I Pity the Fool" is a soul-blues song originally recorded by Bobby Bland in 1961 for his 1st Duke Records album, Two Steps from the Blues. The lyrics tell of a man, who, while pitying others for falling for a certain woman, knows that he is also shamed. After its release as a single, it became one of Bland's biggest hits.

The 20th Golden Globes

The 20th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in a film for 1962 films, were held in March 1963. Gregory Peck has received the Best Actor- Drama award for his role in To Kill a Mockingbird and Geraldine Page received the Best Actress - Drama award for her role in Sweet Bird of Youth.

Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Arm

Elvis Presley returned from U.S. Army in March 1960 and was honorably discharged 3 days later with the rank of sergeant. The train that carried him from New Jersey to Tennessee was mobbed all the way, and Presley was called upon to appear at scheduled stops to please his fans.

Leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin dies at 73

An autopsy revealed that he had died of a cerebral hemorrhage and that he also suffered from severe damage to his cerebral arteries due to atherosclerosis. It is possible that Stalin was murdered. Beria has been suspected of murder, although no firm evidence has ever appeared.

Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech

Winston Churchill's "Sinews of Peace" address at Westminster College used the term "iron curtain" in the context of Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. Churchill's “Sinews of Peace” address was to strongly criticise the Soviet Union's exclusive and secretive tension policies along with the Eastern Europe's state form, Police State.

The Battle of the Ruhr begins

The Battle of the Ruhr was a 5-month campaign of strategic bombing during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany Ruhr Area, which had coke plants, steelworks, and 10 synthetic oil plants. The campaign bombed 26 major Combined Bomber Offensive targets.

Supermarine Spitfire flies for the first time

One of the most famous aircraft of all times was designed by English aeronautical engineer R. J. Mitchell. He used his experience with the design of racing seaplanes. Spitfire is usually perceived as a fighter which won the Battle of Britain. This is, however, not the full truth. More numerous Hawker Hurricane shouldered a greater proportion of the fight with the Luftwaffe.

Israeli-American psychologist Daniel Kahneman is born

He is most known for his seminal collaboration with mathematical psychologist Amos Tversky. They were interested in human errors that arise from heuristics (= rules of thumb) and biases (systematic deviations from rationality in judgment). They also described how people choose between probabilistic alternatives that involve risk.

Actor Rex Harrison is born

Sir Reginald Carey "Rex" Harrison was an English actor of stage and screen. Harrison began his career on the stage in 1924. He served in the Royal Air Force during WW II, reaching the rank of flight lieutenant. He won his first Tony Award for his performance as Henry VIII in the play Anne of the Thousand Days in 1949.

Westinghouse air brake

The Westinghouse Air Brake Company was founded on September 28, 1869 by George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Earlier in the year he had invented the railway air brake in New York state.

The first performance of Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B

Symphony No. 4 premiered at the home of Bohemian aristocrat Joseph Franz von Lobkowitz. Since it was a private concert, not much was written about it, however, contemporaries celebrated it. It was dedicated to Count Oppersdorff after he offered Beethoven a large sum for composing a new symphony.

Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator is born

He is known for a method of displaying curved surface of the Earth in a flat map called Mercator projection. In 1569 he drew a world map which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. This innovation is still used in modern nautical charts. Mercator was interested in many other subjects, like theology, philosophy, history, mathematics, etc.

Anniversaries of famous

died 1953

Joseph Stalin

born 1974

Eva Mendes

died 1982

John Belushi