Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Jeff Bezos is the world's richest person for the first time

For the first time, Jeff Bezos was listed as the top billionaire due to Amazon's rising stock price that resulted in one person's biggest one year gain in wealth since Forbes started tracking in 1987.

World's oldest message in a bottle found in Western Australia

A couple walking on a beach in Western Australia discovered a bottled message that had been launched in 1886 from the German ship Paula conducting drift bottle experiments for the German Naval Observatory. The message's authenticity was corroborated through the ship captain's original Meteorological Journal.

Antonov An-26 crashes

Russian aircraft crashed on approach to Khmeimim air base in Syria, killing all 39 people on board. Antonov An-26 went down about 500 meters from the runway. The preliminary cause was attributed to a technical malfunction.

US President Donald Trump signs his second executive order

Executive Order 13780 places limits on travel to the U.S. from certain countries, and by all refugees who do not possess either a visa or valid travel documents. Trump has called the new order a "watered down, politically correct version" of the prior executive order.

The youngest female trader at the New York Stock Exchange

Lauren Simmons is an African American former stock trader for Rosenblatt Securities. At age 23, she became the youngest and only full-time female trader at the New York Stock Exchange. She also became the second African American woman in the Exchange's history to have such a position.

Lupita Nyong'o makes her Broadway debut in 'Eclipsed'

Nyong'o made her Broadway debut as a teenage orphan in the critically acclaimed play Eclipsed, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. Nyong'o also starred as Nakia in the Marvel Cinematic Universe superhero film Black Panther.

Dawn spacecraft enters orbit of the Dwarf planet Ceres

The probe was launched in 2007. Her mission was to study protoplanets, baby planets, in the asteroid belt, Vesta, and Ceres. The probe was managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, with spacecraft components contributed by European partners. It was the first probe with the ion propulsion, which creates thrust by accelerating ions with electricity.

Apple joins the Dow Jones stock index

Dow Jones Industrial Average is a stock market index, showing tradings of 30 large publicly owned companies in the US. Apple joined the index under „Consumer electronics“ industry, bearing symbol AAPL. It monitors Apple shares on Nasdaq Stock Market, the 2nd largest exchange in the world by market capitalization.

'Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt' debuts on Netflix

Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt is an American web TV sitcom by Tina Fey and Robert Carlock, starring Ellie Kemper. The series follows 29-year-old Kimmy as she adjusts to life after her rescue from a doomsday cult in the fictional town of Durnsville, Indiana, where she and three other women were held by Reverend Richard Wayne Gary Wayne for 15 years.

'SimCity' is released

SimCity is a city-building and urban planning simulation massively multiplayer online game developed by Maxis. Players can create a settlement that can grow into a city. It was originally released for Microsoft Windows, an OS X version was released in August in the same year.

Microsoft is fined €561 by the Euro Commission for not providing alternative web browsers

The EU executive had launched an anti-trust case against Microsoft in 2009 arguing that the company was breaching competition rules by tying its Internet Explorer browser to all Windows PCs. At that time, the Windows programme had a 90 percent market share with Internet Explorer controlling 55 percent of the web browser market.

'Mass Effect 3' is released

Mass Effect 3 is an action role-playing third person shooter video game developed by BioWare. The game is the final chapter of the original Mass Effect trilogy and it completes the story of Commander Shepard. In 2012, it won Best RPG at the Spike Video Games Awards.

The 30th Razzies are held

The 30th Golden Raspberry Awards, or Razzies, were held in 2010 in Hollywood, California to honor the worst films the film industry had to offer in 2009. After the hosts presented Sandra Bullock as the Worst Actress, one of the presenters parodied Kanye West's controversial protest against Taylor Swift.

A gunman kills eight students in Jerusalem

The Mercaz HaRav massacre was a mass shooting attack in which a lone Palestinian gunman shot multiple students at the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva, a religious school in Jerusalem, Israel, after which the gunman himself was shot dead. Eight students and the perpetrator were killed.

All-black revival of 'Cat on a Hot Tin Roof' opens

In 2008, an all-black production directed by Debbie Allen opened on Broadway. Terrence Howard made his Broadway debut as Brick, with James Earl Jones as Big Daddy, Phylicia Rashad as Big Mama, Anika Noni Rose as Maggie and Lisa Arrindell Anderson as Mae.

'Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter' 2 is released

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 is a game that takes place south of the Mexico-USA border and deals with the conflict between a Mexican rebel group, Mexican loyalists, and the U.S. Army for a time span of 72 hours. It was developed by Ubisoft Paris and Red Storm Entertainment.


American MLB player Kirby Puckett dies of a stroke at 45

Kirby Puckett was an American professional baseball player. He played his entire 12-year Major League Baseball career as a center fielder for the Minnesota Twins. Puckett suffered a massive hemorrhagic stroke at the home he shared with Olson. He underwent emergency surgery that day to relieve pressure on his brain, but the surgery failed.

Stereophonics are at #1 on the UK singles chart with 'Dakota'

Dakota was the 1st single from Stereophonics' 5th studio album called Language. Sex. Violence. Other?. It was the band's 1st single to reach number 1 on the UK Singles Chart. The song spent a total of 44 weeks on the UK Singles Chart, the most any Stereophonics single has achieved.

'Robots' premieres in Westwood, Los Angeles

Robots is a 2005 American computer-animated adventure comedy film produced by Blue Sky Studios and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It was directed by Chris Wedge and produced by Jerry Davis, William Joyce, and John C. Donkin, and stars the voices of Ewan McGregor, Robin Williams, Greg Kinnear, Halle Berry, Mel Brooks and Jim Broadbent.

Talk show murder

Jenny Jones taped an episode called "Same Sex Secret Crushes" on which Scott Amedure, a gay man, confessed to an associate, Jonathan Schmitz, that he had a crush on him. Schmitz appeared unconcerned as he laughed about that revelation in front of the audience. However, three days after the taping, an upset Schmitz killed Amedure.

Life in Biosphere 2

A group of seven people started to live in Biosphere 2, a glass self-contained ecosystem. It was built in the desert outside of Oracle, Arizona. It was meant to demonstrate the viability of closed ecological systems to support and maintain human life in outer space. Biosphere 2 still remains the largest closed system ever created.

The computer virus 'Michelangelo' goes into effect

The Michelangelo virus is a computer virus first discovered in 1991 in Australia. The virus was designed to infect DOS systems, but did not engage the operating system or make any OS calls. Michelangelo, like all boot sector viruses, basically operated at the BIOS level. Each year, the virus remained dormant until the birthday of Michelangelo.


Julie Krone becomes winningest female jockey

Julieann Louise Krone is a retired American jockey. In 1993, she became the first female jockey to win a Triple Crown race when she captured the Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair. In 2000, she became the 1st woman inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame, and in 2003 became the 1st female jockey to win a Breeders' Cup race.

Herald of Free Enterprise

MS Herald of Free Enterprise was a roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry which capsized moments after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge on the night of 6 March 1987, killing 193 passengers and crew.

Tight Fit are at #1 on the UK singles chart

The Lion Sleeps Tonight is a song written and recorded originally by Solomon Linda with the Evening Birds for the South African Gallo Record Company. The Tight Fit's version of the song has sold over a million copies in the UK.

'Over Here!' opens on Broadway

Over Here! is a musical with a score by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman and book by Will Holt. The original Broadway production was directed by Tom Moore and choreographed by Patricia Birch, with scenic design by Douglas W. Schmidt and costumes by Carrie F. Robbins.

Slade are at #1 on the UK the singles chart

Cum On Feel the Noize recorded by the British rock band Slade was written by Noddy Holder and Jim Lea. It was Slade's 4th number one single in the UK, and also their 1st single to enter number one in its first week. The song sold 500,000 copies in its 1st 3 weeks of release.

Charles Manson releases album 'Lie'

Lie: The Love and Terror Cult is the debut studio album by murder-conspirator Charles Manson. It was released on vinyl by producer Phil Kaufman. All tracks were written by Manson himself. The album includes tracks such as Look at Your Game, Girl or Cease to Exist.

Beatles release 'Let it Be' in UK

Let It Be is the title track of the Beatles' album of the same name. The song was written and sung by Paul McCartney, and it was the Beatles' final single before he announced his departure from the band. At the time, it had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100, beginning its chart run at number 6.


Boxer Cassius Clay is renamed to Muhammad Ali

Cassius Clay decided to convert to Islam and changed his name to Muhammad Ali. He called his original name a slave name and his new name a free name. He attended meetings with African American Islamic religious movement aiming to improve the condition of African Americans in the USA.

Elizabeth Taylor divorces for a fourth time

Elizabeth Taylor divorced singer Eddie Fisher and married Welsh actor Richard Burton in 1964. She and Burton divorced in 1974, but reconciled soon after, and remarried in 1975. The second marriage ended in divorce in 1976.

Ghana celebrates independence

People of the Republic of Ghana gained their independence from the United Kingdom thanks to Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah. Nkrumah was a leader of the Gold Coast party, which declared independence and established the nation of Ghana. They were the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence from the UK.

Dutch premiere of Samuel Beckett's 'Waiting for Godot'

The Dutch premiere of Waiting for Godot occurred roughly two years after its initial premiere in France. It is a tragicomedy in two acts about two friends who wait for someone called Godot. The said person never arrives. Meanwhile, they discuss a variety of topics, some of them being sexual or offensive.

The trial of Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg begins

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of transmitting nuclear weapon designs to the Soviet Union. They were also accused of providing top-secret information about radar, sonar, and jet propulsion engines to the USSR. Rosenbergs were sentenced to death.

Bombing of Berlin

Berlin, the capital of Nazi Germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the Second World War. It was bombed by the RAF Bomber Command between 1940 and 1945, by the USAAF Eighth Air Force between 1943 and 1945, and the French Air Force between 1944 and 1945 as part of the Allied campaign of strategic bombing of Germany. It was also attacked by aircraft of the Red Air Force, especially in 1945 as Soviet forces closed on the city. British bombers dropped 45,517 tons of bombs; the Americans dropped 23,000 tons. As the bombings continued more and more people moved out. By May 1945, 1.7 million people had fled.

Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova is born

She was the first woman in space, and also the only solo woman in and the first civilian in space. She worked in a tyre and textile factories. In 1961, she was selected to become a cosmonaut for her expert skill in parachuting. In 1963 Tereshkova flew aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft. She made 48 orbits of Earth in 71 hours.

American inventor Harry Coover is born

He is known for his invention of the Super Glue, in chemical terms known as the cyanoacrylate. The compound itself was not unknown. It was examined previously as an alternative to the surgical stitches but rejected as too sticky. Coover recognized that it is an unique adhesive which can be sold as a glue.

Oreo sandwich cookies are first introduced by the National Biscuit Co.

The Oreo biscuits were sold first time to a grocer in Hoboken, New Jersey. The design featured a wreath around the edge with the name Oreo in the center. They were sold for 25 cents per pound, in novelty cans with glass tops. Since their introduction, Oreo cookies have become the best-selling ones in the US.


Football Club Real Madrid is founded

Real Madrid is a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain. Since 1947, the club's home is Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably El Clásico with Barcelona and El Derbi with Atlético Madrid.

Bayer registers 'Aspirin' as a trademark

Aspirin was the first major product that Bayer registered as its trademark worldwide. Trademark was later lost in the US, France, and the UK, the confiscation of Bayer's assets during WW I. Subsequently, the word aspirin was used to describe all brands of the medication. It is on the list of most important medications needed.


Tennis player Molla Mallory is born

Anna Margrethe "Molla" Bjurstedt Mallory was a Norwegian tennis player, naturalized American. She won a record eight singles titles at the U.S. Championships. Mallory was relatively unknown when she first arrived in New York City to begin work as a masseuse in 1915. At the age of 36, she married stockbroker Franklin Mallory.

Giuseppe Verdi's Opera 'La Traviata' premieres in Venice

La Traviata premiered at the La Fenice opera house in Venice. Premiere was considered a failure by many, even Verdi himself. The audience was not happy with the casting of soprano singer Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role. At the age of 38, she was considered too old and overweight for the role.

Samuel Colt patents the first production-model revolver

Colt made his first production model of „Revolving gun“, few days after submitting an American patent for it. It was also roughly a year after his British patent. It protected the principles of his revolving-breech loading and folding trigger named the Colt Paterson. He took a loan to bring his idea to market.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous