Flashback archive

US President Donald Trump signs his second executive order

Executive Order 13780 places limits on travel to the U.S. from certain countries, and by all refugees who do not possess either a visa or valid travel documents. Trump has called the new order a "watered down, politically correct version" of the prior executive order.

US First Lady Nancy Reagan dies at 94

Nancy Reagan served as the First Lady of the US from 1981 to 1989. She was criticized largely due to her decision to replace the White House china. She decided to restore a Kennedyesque glamour to the White House, and her interest in high-end fashion garnered much attention as well as criticism. Nancy died of congestive heart failure.

Dawn spacecraft enters orbit of the Dwarf planet Ceres

The probe was launched in 2007. Her mission was to study protoplanets, baby planets, in the asteroid belt, Vesta, and Ceres. The probe was managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, with spacecraft components contributed by European partners. It was the first probe with the ion propulsion, which creates thrust by accelerating ions with electricity.

Apple joins the Dow Jones stock index

Dow Jones Industrial Average is a stock market index, showing tradings of 30 large publicly owned companies in the US. Apple joined the index under „Consumer electronics“ industry, bearing symbol AAPL. It monitors Apple shares on Nasdaq Stock Market, the 2nd largest exchange in the world by market capitalization.

Video game SimCity is released

SimCity is a city-building and urban planning simulation massively multiplayer online game developed by Maxis. Players can create a settlement that can grow into a city. It was originally released for Microsoft Windows, an OS X version was released in August in the same year.

Video game Mass Effect 3 is released

Mass Effect 3 is an action role-playing third person shooter video game developed by BioWare. The game is the final chapter of the original Mass Effect trilogy and it completes the story of Commander Shepard. In 2012, it won Best RPG at the Spike Video Games Awards.

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 is released

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 is a game that takes place south of the Mexico-USA border and deals with the conflict between a Mexican rebel group, Mexican loyalists, and the U.S. Army for a time span of 72 hours. It was developed by Ubisoft Paris and Red Storm Entertainment.


American MLB player Kirby Puckett dies of a stroke at 45

Kirby Puckett was an American professional baseball player. He played his entire 12-year Major League Baseball career as a center fielder for the Minnesota Twins. Puckett suffered a massive hemorrhagic stroke at the home he shared with Olson. He underwent emergency surgery that day to relieve pressure on his brain, but the surgery failed.

Stereophonics are at #1 on the UK singles chart with "Dakota"

Dakota was the 1st single from Stereophonics' 5th studio album called Language. Sex. Violence. Other?. It was the band's 1st single to reach number 1 on the UK Singles Chart. The song spent a total of 44 weeks on the UK Singles Chart, the most any Stereophonics single has achieved.

Biosphere 2

A group of seven people started to live in Biosphere 2, a glass self-contained ecosystem. It was built in the desert outside of Oracle, Arizona. It was meant to demonstrate the viability of closed ecological systems to support and maintain human life in outer space. Biosphere 2 still remains the largest closed system ever created.


Julie Krone becomes winningest female jockey

Julieann Louise Krone is a retired American jockey. In 1993, she became the 1st female jockey to win a Triple Crown race when she captured the Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair. In 2000, she became the 1st woman inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame, and in 2003 became the 1st female jockey to win a Breeders' Cup race.

Herald of Free Enterprise

MS Herald of Free Enterprise was a roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry which capsized moments after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge on the night of 6 March 1987, killing 193 passengers and crew.

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe dies at 98

O’Keeffe died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, US. According to her wishes, her body was cremated and the ashes scattered around the Ghost Ranch. She left most of her estate to her caretaker. The will was contested and the case settled out of court 7 years later.

Tight Fit are at #1 on the UK singles chart

The Lion Sleeps Tonight is a song written and recorded originally by Solomon Linda with the Evening Birds for the South African Gallo Record Company. The Tight Fit's version of the song has sold over a million copies in the UK.

Slade are at #1 on the UK the singles chart

Cum On Feel the Noize recorded by the British rock band Slade was written by Noddy Holder and Jim Lea. It was Slade's 4th number one single in the UK, and also their 1st single to enter number one in its first week. The song sold 500,000 copies in its 1st 3 weeks of release.


Basketball player Shaquille O'Neal is born

Shaquille O'Neal is a former professional basketball player who currently serves as a sports analyst on the television program Inside the NBA. During his 19-year career, he played for the Orlando Magic, Los Angeles Lakers, Miami Heat, Phoenix Suns, Cleveland Cavaliers, and Boston Celtics.

Beatles release "Let it Be" in UK

Let It Be is the title track of the Beatles' album of the same name. The song was written and sung by Paul McCartney, and it was the Beatles' final single before he announced his departure from the band. At the time, it had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100, beginning its chart run at number 6.

Charles Manson releases album "Lie"

Lie: The Love and Terror Cult is the debut studio album by murder-conspirator Charles Manson. It was released on vinyl by producer Phil Kaufman. All tracks were written by Manson himself. The album includes tracks such as Look at Your Game, Girl or Cease to Exist.


Boxer Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and is renamed to Muhammad Ali

Cassius Clay decided to convert to Islam and changed his name to Muhammad Ali. He called his original name a slave name and his new name a free name. He attended meetings with African American Islamic religious movement aiming to improve the condition of African Americans in the USA.

Dutch premiere of Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot"

The Dutch premiere of Waiting for Godot occurred roughly two years after its initial premiere in France. It is a tragicomedy in two acts about two friends who wait for someone called Godot. The said person never arrives. Meanwhile, they discuss a variety of topics, some of them being sexual or offensive.

The trial of Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg begins

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of transmitting nuclear weapon designs to the Soviet Union. They were also accused of providing top-secret information about radar, sonar, and jet propulsion engines to the USSR. Rosenbergs were sentenced to death.

Welsh composer Ivor Novello dies at 58

The death of a Welsh composer Novello was sudden and unexpected. He died due to a coronary thrombosis, only a few hours after a performance in the run of King's Rhapsody. He was cremated and buried under a lilac bush marked with a plaque. British awards for songwriting Ivor Novello Awards are named after him.

Bombing of Berlin

Berlin, the capital of Nazi Germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the Second World War. It was bombed by the RAF Bomber Command between 1940 and 1945, by the USAAF Eighth Air Force between 1943 and 1945, and the French Air Force between 1944 and 1945 as part of the Allied campaign of strategic bombing of Germany. It was also attacked by aircraft of the Red Air Force, especially in 1945 as Soviet forces closed on the city. British bombers dropped 45,517 tons of bombs; the Americans dropped 23,000 tons. As the bombings continued more and more people moved out. By May 1945, 1.7 million people had fled.

Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova is born

She was the first woman in space, and also the only solo woman in and the first civilian in space. She worked in a tyre and textile factories. In 1961, she was selected to become a cosmonaut for her expert skill in parachuting. In 1963 Tereshkova flew aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft. She made 48 orbits of Earth in 71 hours.

Composer John Philip Sousa dies at 77

Sousa died due to heart failure, in his room at the Abraham Lincoln Hotel in Reading, Pennsylvania. His burial took place at D.C.'s Congressional Cemetery, in Washington. During his life, he was nicknamed "American March King" for his mastery of march compositions. He is enshrined in the Hall of Fame for Great Americans.

Writer Gabriel García Márquez is born

Márquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia. His parents moved to Barranquilla after his birth, leaving him with grandparents who raised young Gabriel. He started writing poems and strips during an internship in Barranquilla. During his life, he also studied law, spent some time as a journalist, but is best known for his novels.

American inventor Harry Coover is born

He is known for his invention of the Super Glue, in chemical terms known as the cyanoacrylate. The compound itself was not unknown. It was examined previously as an alternative to the surgical stitches but rejected as too sticky. Coover recognized that it is an unique adhesive which can be sold as a glue.

Oreo sandwich cookies are first introduced by the National Biscuit Co.

The Oreo biscuits were sold first time to a grocer in Hoboken, New Jersey. The design featured a wreath around the edge with the name Oreo in the center. They were sold for 25 cents per pound, in novelty cans with glass tops. Since their introduction, Oreo cookies have become the best-selling ones in the US.


Football Club Real Madrid is founded

Real Madrid is a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain. Since 1947, the club's home is Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably El Clásico with Barcelona and El Derbi with Atlético Madrid.

Bayer registers "Aspirin" as a trademark

Aspirin was the first major product that Bayer registered as its trademark worldwide. Trademark was later lost in the US, France, and the UK, the confiscation of Bayer's assets during WW I. Subsequently, the word aspirin was used to describe all brands of the medication. It is on the list of most important medications needed.

Author Louisa May Alcott dies at 55

During her service in the civil war, Alcott's fever was treated with a compound containing mercury. Therefore, she attributed her health problems in her later years to mercury poisoning, however, it was probably an autoimmune disease. Her death was caused by stroke, in Boston, just 2 days after her father died.


Tennis player Molla Mallory is born

Anna Margrethe "Molla" Bjurstedt Mallory was a Norwegian tennis player, naturalized American. She won a record eight singles titles at the U.S. Championships. Mallory was relatively unknown when she first arrived in New York City to begin work as a masseuse in 1915. At the age of 36, she married stockbroker Franklin Mallory.

Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

La Traviata premiered at the La Fenice opera house in Venice. Premiere was considered a failure by many, even Verdi himself. The audience was not happy with the casting of soprano singer Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role. At the age of 38, she was considered too old and overweight for the role.

Samuel Colt patents the first production-model revolver

Colt made his first production model of „Revolving gun“, few days after submitting an American patent for it. It was also roughly a year after his British patent. It protected the principles of his revolving-breech loading and folding trigger named the Colt Paterson. He took a loan to bring his idea to market.

Poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning is born

Browning was born in Kelloe, Durham, England. She started with poetry around the age of 6. Her work was encouraged by her parents, which resulted in one of the largest juvenile collections among English writers. She had severe head and spinal pains and began to take opiates for it, eventually becoming dependent on them.

Michelangelo is born

Michelangelo was born in village Caprese, Tuscany. He was raised in Florence. He showed interest in painting from his early age. He started his apprenticeship at the age of 13, being paid as an artist as 14 years old. In years after that, he went to Bologna and Rome as well, where he created sculptures and paintings.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1475


died 1982

Ayn Rand