Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Video game Chuchel is released

The game was developed by Amanita Design. Designer Jaromír Plachý started to work on the game after he finished Botanicula in 2012. He stated that he wanted to make an interactive cartoon with funny animation. He came up with the character of Chuchel, meaning a hairy bunch in Czech, when he decided to draw the first thing that comes to his mind.

Fearless Girl is installed

Fearless Girl is a bronze sculpture by Kristen Visbal, commissioned by State Street Global Advisors via McCann New York. The statue was originally installed in 2017, at Bowling Green in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City. It depicts a girl who, as originally installed, faced the Charging Bull statue.

Wikileaks publishes "Vault 7"

Vault 7 is a series of documents that WikiLeaks began to publish on this day, that detail activity and capabilities of the United States Central Intelligence Agency to perform electronic surveillance and cyber warfare. The files, dated from 2013–2016, including details on the agency's software capabilities, such as the ability to compromise cars, smart TVs, web browsers, and the operating systems.

Brazil confirms worst economic recession ever

Brazil has been through its worst economic recession, as its economy saw a decline for 2 years. The fall of commodity prices and political crisis, just as well as corruption affected the country rather negatively. The number of unemployed citizens rose to more than 12 million in a short period of time.

Video game Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Wildlands is released

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Wildlands is a tactical shooter video game developed by Ubisoft Paris. It adopts a modern-day setting, similar to the original Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon. The game includes a wide variety of environments such as mountains, forests, deserts, and salt flats.


Peyton Manning announces his retirement from the NFL

After 18 seasons, Peyton Manning announced his retirement from the NFL. Subsequently, he received the ESPY Icon Award. During his career, Manning served as both a throwback and a transformer. He received five Most Valuable Player awards and achieved dozens of records.

Boko Haram suicide bombing

Maiduguri in northeast Nigeria was hit by a bombing attack. Official reports say there were a series of 5 blasts, carried out in different areas of the city. Multiple sources stated that 58 people were killed and over 143 others were injured. No one claimed the responsibility, however, terror group Boko Haram might be responsible for it.

Charlie Sheen is fired from the CBS sitcom "Two and a Half Men"

Because of his impolite comments about the creator of Two and a Half Men, Chuck Lorre, Charlie Sheen's contract for the series was terminated. Warner Bros. banned him from entering its production lot. Subsequently, Sheen was replaced by Ashton Kutcher.

Cotton price hit the highest point since the Civil War

Prices of cotton hit the highest levels, since the American Civil war. Analysts described the situation as „panic“ buying by mills. Many manufacturers were forced to switch to alternative fabrics, in order to keep their prices and profits in check. The prices were expected to fall sharply in the coming months.


Neymar makes his professional debut for Santos of Brazil

Neymar made his professional debut in 2009, despite being only 17 years old; he was brought on for the last thirty minutes, in a 2–1 win against Oeste. The following week he scored his first goal for Santos against Mogi Mirim. One month later, Neymar scored the decisive goal in a 2–1 win against Palmeiras in the Campeonato Paulista semi-finals.

The Kepler Space Observatory is launched

The Kepler observatory was launched in 2009, aboard a Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The launch was a success and all three stages were completed. The cover of the telescope was jettisoned one month later, and the first light images were taken on the next day.


Roy Makaay scores the fastest Champions League goal

Makaay scored the quickest goal in Champions League history, finding the net after just 10.12 seconds to help Bayern overturn a first-leg deficit and put Real Madrid out of the competition at the round of sixteen.

Director Stanley Kubrick dies at 70

Stanley Kubrick died in his sleep at the age of 70. He suffered a heart attack. Five days later, his funeral was held with only close friends and family in attendance. Terry Semel, Jan Harlan, Steven Spielberg, Nicole Kidman and Tom Cruise were among those who gave eulogies.


Magic Johnson becomes the second NBA player to reach 10,000 assists

Thanks to his seven assists in a win at Sacramento, Magic Johnson became the 2nd NBA player to reach 10,000 career assists. During his whole career, Johnson tallied 10,141 assists. The 1st NBA player who reached the 10,000 assist mark was John Stockton in 1995.

Tugboat Thomas Herbert sinks

Thomas Hebert had left Virginia for Maine, towing a barge carrying 8,500 tons of coal. She sank in 140 feet of water off the New Jersey coast with the loss of five lives. The sunken vessel was found intact, still attached by a steel cable to the floating barge that she had been towing.


American center fielder Cool Papa Bell dies

James Thomas "Cool Papa" Bell was an American center fielder in Negro league baseball from 1922 to 1946. Bell suffered a heart attack and he died at Saint Louis University Hospital in March 1991, his wife Clara had died a few weeks earlier. In his honor, Dickson Street, on which he lived, was renamed James "Cool Papa" Bell Avenue.

Philadelphia subway accident

Four people were killed and another 162 injured when the rear three cars of six-car train #61 derailed. It is believed that one of the traction motors dropped out of the rear truck on the third car somewhere between 15th and 30th street stations, and it became entangled in a switch immediately upon leaving 30th street station.


Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder

Mike Tyson won a fight against James Smith, which took place at Las Vegas Hilton. Tyson won every round on all three of the judge's scorecards. Smith stood almost no chance of winning the fight, that is why he fought merely to survive.

The Beastie Boys are at #1 on the US album chart

Licensed to Ill is the debut studio album by Beastie Boys. It became the 1st rap LP to top the Billboard album chart. In 2015, the album was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America. It was ranked number 217 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.

The fifth People's Choice Awards are held

The 5th People's Choice Awards were hosted by Dick Van Dyke and broadcast on CBS. Pam Dawber was awarded the Favorite Female Performer in a New TV Program prize. Robin Williams was awarded the Favorite Male Performer in a New TV Program prize. The award for Favorite TV Comedy Program went to M*A*S*H.

Actress Rachel Weisz is born

Rachel Weisz made her film debut in Death Machine in 1994. For her supporting role in the drama thriller The Constant Gardener, she received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe and a Screen Actors' Guild award. She also appeared in the films such as The Mummy, About a Boy and The Fountain.

"You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown" opens Off-Broadway

You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown is a 1967 musical comedy with music and lyrics by Clark Gesner, based on the characters created by cartoonist Charles M. Schulz in his comic strip Peanuts. The musical has been a popular choice for amateur theatre productions because of its small cast and simple staging.

Montgomery marches

The first of a total of 3 protest marches from Selma in Alabama to the state capital of Montgomery demonstrated the desire of African-American citizens to vote. The march was organized locally by James Bevel, Amelia Boynton, and other activists. The event is known as Bloody Sunday due to an attack on the marchers.


Tennis champion Ivan Lendl is born

Ivan Lendl is originally from Czechoslovakia, however, in 1992, he became a US citizen. In the 1980s, he was the No. 1 for 270 weeks. Lendl finished his career with 94 singles titles. As a tennis coach, he has helped Andy Murray win 3 major titles and reach the No. 1 ranking.


MLB Outfielder Joe Carter is born

Joe Carter played in MLB as an outfielder and first baseman for the Chicago Cubs, Cleveland Indians, San Diego Padres, Toronto Blue Jays, Baltimore Orioles, and San Francisco Giants. He is famously known for hitting a walk-off home run to win the 1993 World Series for the Toronto Blue Jays.

Actor Bryan Cranston is born

Bryan Cranston is best known for portraying Walter White on the AMC crime drama series Breaking Bad. For that role, he won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series 4 times. He is also known for his roles in the Fox series Malcolm in the Middle, and the NBC series Seinfeld.

Mary Martin as "Peter Pan" is 1st televised

Peter Pan is an animated fantasy film based on the play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up by J. M. Barrie. The film stars Bobby Driscoll, Kathryn Beaumont, Hans Conried, and Paul Collins. It is the final Disney film in which all 9 members of Disney's Nine Old Men worked together as directing animators.

The 18th Academy Awards are held

The 18th Academy Awards was the 1st such ceremony after World War II. Plaster statuettes that had been given out during the war years were replaced with bronze statuettes with gold plating. Billy Wilder was awarded the Best Director prize and his film called The Lost Weekend has received the award for Best Motion Picture.

American biologist David Baltimore is born

He invented the classification of viruses according to the type of their genome – DNA or RNA, single-stranded, double-stranded, etc. – and their strategy of replication. The system simplifies complicated and variable life cycles of viruses. Baltimore’s other interests include oncology, immunology or biotechnology. He is considered a pioneer of genetic engineering.

Monopoly game is invented

American inventor Charles Darrow created the first version of the monopoly game. It was derived from another game, called The Landlord's Game, created by Elizabeth Magie in 1903. The game is still popular in the whole world and has many clones. Charles Darrow became the first millionaire game-designer in history.

American chemist Stanley Miller is born

He is famous because of the experiment which he designed together with from Harold Urey. The experiment simulated the conditions thought to be present on the early Earth and tested the chemical origin of life. Miller and Urey showed that such conditions favored chemical reactions that synthesized more complex organic compounds from simpler inorganic precursors.

The first jazz record is commercially released

Livery Stable Blues is jazz composition recorded by Original Dixieland Jass Band. It is acknowledged as the first commercially released jazz recording. The recording took place at the studio of Victor Talking Machine Company, in NY. The recording was a huge success and it managed to establish jazz as a popular music genre.

Actress Anna Magnani is born

Anna Magnani is known for her portrayal of a Sicilian widow in The Rose Tattoo by Tennessee Williams. For that role, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She also appeared in the films such as L'Amore, Bellissima, The Fugitive Kind and Mamma Roma.

Telephone is patented

American inventor patented an "Improvement in Telegraphy,” which is now called the telephone. Bell himself considered his invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have the telephone in his study. Some scholars claim that Bell stole the telephone idea from another American inventor Elisha Gray.

Painter Piet Mondrian is born

Mondriaan is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century, known for his abstract arts. He was a Dutch painter, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands. His work was very influencing, altering not only the course of abstract painting but also other fields, like design, architecture or fashion.

King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope

Henry is best known for his six marriages and, in particular, his efforts to have his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon, annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from papal authority. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

died 1987

Evelyn Dove

born 1970

Rachel Weisz

born 1974

Jenna Fischer