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U.S. Retailer RadioShack goes bankrupt

The American chain of electronics stores, known as RadioShack had stores around the US and Mexico. They filed for bankruptcy and announced to close almost all of their owned stores after Memorial Day. Their business model shifted primarily to online, with an addition of roughly 425 authorized dealer stores.

South Korean court opens a trial with Samsung leader

After the Choi Soon-sil scandal, investigation of Lee Jae-yong followed. He was later arrested for handing bribes worth almost £30m to then South Korean president. Court opened trial with the Samsung vice-chairman, which ended with him being sentenced to 5 years in prison after he was found guilty of corruption.

Discovery’s last landing

US Space shuttle Discovery landed at Shuttle Landing Facility airport on Merritt Island. Discovery spent a cumulative total of almost a full year in space, gathering more spaceflights than any other spacecraft to date. She carried Hubble Space Telescope into orbit and performed research and assembly missions to international Space Station.

Arctic scene at Chanel

The Chanel show, led by fashion designer Karel Lagerfeld on Paris fashion week, was styled into the icy landscape. The models walked around the real ice, transported from Sweden by 15 trucks. The weather outside had kindly assisted Chanel in whipping subzero winds around the Grand Palais while this display was going on.

"Castle" is released on ABC

Castle is an American series created by Andrew W. Marlowe, originally airing as a midseason replacement on ABC. It follows the lives of Richard Castle, a best-selling mystery novelist, and Kate Beckett, a homicide detective, as they solve various unusual crimes in New York City.

Duffy is at No. 1 on the UK album charts with "Rockferry"

Rockferry is the debut studio album by Welsh singer Duffy, including singles such as Mercy, Warwick Avenue or Rain on Your Parade. The album took 4 years to record in total. It has won a number of awards since its release, including the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album.

Brad Delp, lead singer of US rock band Boston, commits suicide

Brad Delp committed suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning at his home in Atkinson, New Hampshire. Police found 4 sealed letters in the home that were addressed to his fiancée, his children, their mother, Micki Delp, and another unidentified couple. He died aged 55.

Video game Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter is released

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter is a tactical shooter video game published by Ubisoft. In the game, players command their team of Ghosts while neutralizing hostile forces and completing various mission objectives, such as escorting friendly units across the map to rescuing hostages or taking out enemy artillery.

Take That score "How Deep Is Your Love"

How Deep Is Your Love is a pop ballad originally written and recorded by the Bee Gees. Take That's version was released as a single from their Greatest Hits compilation in 1996. The single went on to become what was to be the band's final UK number 1 until their comeback single Patience a decade later.

"Should I Stay Or Should I Go" gives The Clash their only UK No. 1 single

Should I Stay or Should I Go became the Clash's number one single a decade after it was originally released. The song is included on their 5th studio album called Combat Rock. It was ranked 228th in the Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Chrysler buys Jeep as a part of American Motors takeover

After Chrysler bought AMC, including Jeep, they started adopting AMC engineering practices and people. Engineers of Jeep were re-organized into Jeep/Truck Engineering which revived Dodge pickups. Full-size Jeep pickups were dropped, as they were not under any development, neither they had any sales at the time.

Dead Or Alive are at No. 1 on the UK singles chart with "You Spin Me Round (Like A Record)"

You Spin Me Round (Like a Record) is a song by British band Dead or Alive included on their album Youthquake. It was the 1st UK number-one hit by the Stock Aitken Waterman production trio. The video for the song was directed by Vaughan Arnell and Anthea Benton.

Telly Savalas is at No. 1 on the UK singles chart with "If"

"If" is a song originally written by David Gates and recorded by his group Bread. Telly Savalas' spoken word version of the song was produced by Snuff Garrett. Ever since the song was released, it has been favorite at weddings.

The 10th Grammy Awards are held

The 10th Annual Grammy Awards were hosted by Stan Freberg and broadcast on ABC. The Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band received the Album of the Year award. The Record of the Year award went to The 5th Dimension and their song called Up, Up and Away.

The Beach Boys start recording "God Only Knows"

God Only Knows is a song written by Brian Wilson and Tony Asher for the Beach Boys. The song is included on the band's album Pet Sounds. It was ranked 25th in the Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Paul McCartney has called the song his favorite song of all time.

The Barbie doll makes its debut at a Toy Fair in New York

After observing her daughter Barbara, giving her dolls adult roles, Ruth Handler came with the idea of adult-bodied dolls. She designed the doll and gave it a name Barbie after her daughter. After its debut at the American International Toy Fair, Barbie had its marketing strategy based extensively on TV advertising.

H-bomb

A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material and causing a fusion reaction. Some advanced designs use fast neutrons produced by this second stage to ignite a third fast fission or fusion stage. The fission bomb and fusion fuel are placed near each other in a special radiation-reflecting container called a radiation case that is designed to contain x-rays for as long as possible. The result is greatly increased explosive power when compared to single-stage fission weapons. The device is colloquially referred to as a hydrogen bomb or, an H-bomb, because it employs the fusion of isotopes of hydrogen.

Burden Park disaster

The human crash caused by overcrowding of banking terraces at Burnden Park football stadium claimed a life of 33 people and left around 400 injured. There were around 85,000 people in the crowd. Barriers collapsed and the crowd crushed those underneath. The referee stopped the game after being informed about the fatalities.

Operation Meetinghouse

On the night of 9/10 March 1945 the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) conducted a devastating firebombing raid on Tokyo, the Japanese capital city. This attack was code-named Operation Meetinghouse by the USAAF and is known as the Great Tokyo Air Raid in Japan. During the raid, bombs dropped from 279 Boeing B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers burned out much of eastern Tokyo. More than 88,000 and possibly over 100,000 Japanese, mostly civilians, were killed and one million left homeless, making it the single most destructive air attack of World War II. The Japanese air and civil defenses proved inadequate, and only 14 American aircraft and 96 airmen were lost.

Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin is born

Gagarin was the first man to fly into outer space. He completed one orbit of the Earth in 1961. The design of his spaceship, Vostok 1, was supervised by Sergei Korolev. Gagarin instantly became a celebrity. Later he worked as deputy training director of the Soviet Cosmonaut Training Centre. Gagarin died in the crash of the MiG-15 jet.

Composer Samuel Barber is born

One of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century, Barber was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania. He had apparent talent and musical ability at a very early age. He started composing early and successfully, which launched him into the spotlight of the classical music world, where he lasted till his later years.

1908

Italian football club Inter Milan is founded

Inter Milan was founded in March 1908 as Football Club Internazionale, following the schism with the Milan Cricket and Football Club, now A.C. Milan. The name of the club derives from the wish of its founding members to accept foreign players as well as Italians. The club won its very first championship in 1910 and its second in 1920.

Ambroise Thomas' opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris

Ambroise Thomas composed a grand opera Hamlet based on Shakespeare's play of the same name. It consisted of five acts and an alternative ending Thomas wrote for English audience, however, it was not performed. It premiered at the Salle Le Peletier, home of the Paris Opera. The work is considered Thomas's greatest success.

Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Ernani" premieres in Venice

Teatro La Fenice in Venice commissioned Verdi to write an opera that would be performed there. It took Verdi some time to complete since he spent a lot of time finding the right subject. After Ernani premiered, it became Verdi's most popular opera until „II trovatore“ and it was revived a number of times in its early years.

The first documented discovery of gold in California

Rancho San Francisco is located in northwestern LA County and eastern Ventura County. According to documented history, Francisco Lopez found gold there, after he had a dream of floating on a pool of gold when he took a rest under an oak tree. The event started a small gold rush, with around 2,000 people mining for it.

Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan

Nabucco is a work based on biblical books of Jeremiah and Daniel. The opera consisting of four acts was composed by Verdi and is considered to be the one which permanently established his reputation as a composer. It premiered in Teatro alla Scala in Milan, under original name Nabucodonosor and it became an instant success.

Composer Johann Pachelbel dies at 52

Pachelbel was a German composer of the Baroque era, known for bringing the south German organ tradition to its peak. He spent his late years in Nuremberg, after being officially invited there. He kept publishing chamber music collections, until his early death. His grave can be found in the St. Rochus Cemetery.

Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci is born

He demonstrated that Brazil and the so-called West Indies are part of the new landmass and not Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages. The two new continents are now called after Americus, the Latin version of Vespucci's first name. It was first used by German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller.

Anniversaries of famous