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Lagos school collapses

A three story building in Lagos, Nigeria suffered a structural collapse, killing 20 people and leaving over 40 trapped. A school housing 100 students was located on the third story of the building, leading to the story gaining significant coverage in local and international media.

Suzano school shooting

The Suzano school shooting was a school shooting that took place at the Escola Estadual Professor Raul Brasil in the Brazilian municipality of Suzano, São Paulo State. The perpetrators, Guilherme Taucci Monteiro and Luiz Henrique de Castro, both former students at the school, killed five students and two school employees.

Ankara bombing

A car bomb was used to carry out an attack that targeted buses with civilians. It took place on Atatürk Boulevard, at a point near bus stops. There were 38 victims with the perpetrator, student Seher Çağla Demir, and 127 people injured. Responsibility for the attack has been claimed by the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks.

Cyclone Pam causes widespread damage in Vanuatu

Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam was the second most intense tropical cyclone of the south Pacific Ocean in terms of sustained winds and is regarded as one of the worst natural disasters in the history of Vanuatu. A total of 15–16 people lost their lives either directly or indirectly as a result of Pam with many others injured.

"Captain America: The Winter Soldier" premieres in Los Angeles

Captain America: The Winter Soldier is superhero movie based on the Marvel Comics character Captain America. The movie became a critical and commercial success, grossing over $714 million worldwide, and making it the seventh highest-grossing film of 2014. It also received an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects.

Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected the new pope

On the second day of the papal enclave, Bergoglio was elected pope and took the papal name Francis. He received congratulations from cardinals while standing. Besides that, he wore a white cassock instead of the usual red one and kept his iron cross in contrast to the gold one used by his predecessors.

Sierre coach crash

The Sierre coach crash occurred near Sierre, Switzerland, when a coach carrying school teachers and pupils crashed into a wall in the Sierre Tunnel. Of the 52 people on board, 28 were killed in the crash, including both drivers, all four teachers, and 22 of the 46 children. The other 24 pupils, all aged between 10 and 12, were injured.

Gold prices hit $1,000 per ounce for the first time

The price of gold has risen because of the weak US dollar and turbulent markets continue to lead to speculation of commodities. The climb in gold prices has surprised even the experts. Before 2008, the highest price for gold was $850 per ounce.

Video game Call of Duty: Roads to Victory is released

Call of Duty: Roads to Victory is a World War II first-person shooter. There are 3 campaigns throughout the game: American, Canadian, and the British. In multiplayer, up to 6 players may play wirelessly via ad hoc, in nine different maps. Game types are Deathmatch, Team Deathmatch, Capture the Flag, Hold the Flag, and King of the Hill.

Luciano Pavarotti performs in his last opera

After more than 4 decades in the stage, Pavarotti set up on his farewell tour at the age of 69. He performed in both old and new locations, finishing with the last performance at the NY Metropolitan Opera. His role of the painter Cavaradossi in Puccini's Tosca was rewarded by a standing ovation from the audience.

"Beauty and the Beast" plays its 3,225th performance

Beauty and the Beast is one of the Broadway’s longest-running productions in history. The play reached the 3,225th mark at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, roughly 2,5 years after its transfer from the Palace Theatre where it opened. The book for the play was written by Linda Woolverton and the musical was directed by Robert Jess Roth.

Cher is at #1 on the US singles chart with "Believe"

"Believe" is the title track from Cher's twenty-second album of the same name. It earned her a place in the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest female solo artist to top the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Cher also set the record for a solo artist with the longest span of time between number one hits, since "Dark Lady" reached number one in 1974.

German physicist Hans von Ohain dies

He is known as the designer of the first operational jet engine. His HeS3b turbojet engine powered the first experimental jet aircraft, the He178. He had an English competitor, Frank Whittle. Whittle patented the jet engine four years before Ohain. However, Ohain's engine flew two years before Whittle's.

Sixteen children are killed in Dunblane massacre

The Dunblane school massacre took place at Dunblane Primary School near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland, when Thomas Hamilton shot 16 children and one teacher dead before killing himself. It remains the deadliest mass shooting in British history.

The longest undersea tunnel opens in Japan

The Seikan Tunnel is a 53.85 km (33.46 mi) dual gauge railway tunnel, with a 23.3 km (14.5 mi) long portion under the seabed. It extends beneath the Tsugaru Strait as part of the standard gauge Hokkaido Shinkansen and the narrow gauge Kaikyo Line portion of the Hokkaido Railway Company Tsugaru-Kaikyō Line.

"T.J. Hooker" premieres on US's ABC network

T. J. Hooker is police drama television program starring William Shatner in the title role as a 15-year veteran police sergeant. Hooker was canceled by ABC in the summer of 1985 but the series survived when CBS picked up the show and produced new episodes, and one two-hour TV movie titled "Blood Sport".

1982

16 year old Elaine Zayak becomes the World champion in figure skating

Zayak was the first woman to consistently land many triple jumps in her programs. At the 1982 World Championships, she landed six triple jumps to win the title, although four of them were triple toe loops. While she also had triple salchows and loops in her repertoire, they were less consistent.

EU sets up ERM currency regime, euro's forerunner

The European Exchange Rate Mechanism is based on the concept of fixed currency exchange rate margins, but with exchange rates variable within those margins. Before the introduction of the euro, exchange rates were based on the European Currency Unit whose value was determined as a weighted average of the participating currencies.

The Four Seasons is on the Billboard singles chart

"December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)" is a song from The Four Seasons' album Who Loves You. The song was written by Bob Gaudio and his future wife Judy Parker. It was the Four Seasons' final song, as a group, to reach number one.

Apollo 9 lands

It was the first flight test of the Command/Service Module together with the Lunar Module. The crew performed the first manned flight of the Lunar Module, the first docking, and extraction of a Lunar module and two spacewalks to check out the brand new Apollo spacesuit. It was the first spacesuit without a connection to the spacecraft.

The Beatles release "Lady Madonna" in the UK

Lady Madonna was recorded on 3 and 6 February 1968 before the Beatles left for India. The song was released as a single, backed with "The Inner Light" and it was the last release by the band on Parlophone in the UK and Capitol Records in the US. The single reached number 1 on the UK singles chart.

Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" single goes #1 on Billboard Hot 100

"Eight Days a Week" was written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon based on McCartney's original idea. The song was the band's seventh number 1 single on the Billboard Hot 100, a run of US chart success achieved in just over a year. The track opens with a fade-in, marking the first time that this technique had been used on a pop studio recording.

Murder of Kitty Genovese

In the early hours, nearly home from work, Kitty Genovese was stabbed outside of the apartment building where she lived. The New York Times published an article claiming that 38 witnesses saw or heard the attack, but none of them called the police or came to her aid. The incident prompted inquiries into what became known as the bystander effect.

JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

In order to establish some sort of economic cooperation between the US and Latin America, Kennedy initiated and promoted the Alliance for Progress. JFK proposed a ten-year plan, aimed at economic and social development, land reforms and the establishment of democratic governments. Economic aid to Latin America nearly tripled.

1961

Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson

The fight between Floyd Patterson and Ingemar Johansson ended in the 6th round. Johansson's power in punches was gone. Patterson won and retained the World Heavyweight Championship when the referee stopped the contest after Johansson had been down.

"The Searchers" is released

The Searchers is Technicolor VistaVision Western movie directed by John Ford, and starring John Wayne as a middle-aged Civil War veteran. Since its release, it has come to be considered a masterpiece and one of the greatest and most influential movies ever made.

1955

Former Roma winger Bruno Conti is born

Bruno Conti is an Italian football manager and former player. He coached Serie A club Roma; he is currently head of the club's youth sector. Throughout his playing career, he was usually deployed as a winger, and also previously played for Roma, where he spent his entire club career.

Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

Henning von Tresckow was a German officer who attempted to assassinate Hitler. Originally, he planned to shoot him at the airport with the other conspirators. This was called off and he instead smuggled a bomb onto a plane, which took Hitler to Prussia. However, low temperatures caused the bomb to fail to detonate.

George Enescu's opera "Œdipe" premieres in Paris

Œdipe is a four-act opera, based on the mythological tale of Oedipus. Enescu started sketching music for it back in 1910, after being inspired by Oedipus story. It was several years later when he managed to complete music and orchestration. Since the premiere, it has generally been considered to be his masterpiece.

Goebbels becomes Germany's Minister of Propaganda

Goebbels was a Nazi politician and a man known for his skills in public speaking and deep antisemitism. After the Reichstag elections took place, Hitler appointed Goebbels to the cabinet, making him head of the newly created ministry. He was particularly good at using new technologies –radio and film for propaganda purposes.

Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in NYC

The story of The Three Musketeers was created as a historical novel by Dumas. It was later produced as a musical, with music composed by Friml. Its original version was produced by Florenz Ziegfeld. The premier then took place at the Lyric Theatre on Broadway, where it continued to run for 318 performances.

George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methuselah V" premieres in NYC

Back to Methuselah consists of a preface, speaking of pervasive discouragement and poverty in Europe after WWI, and 5 plays, each with their own story. The premiere in the US took place at the NY Theatre Guild, at the old Garrick Theatre. They were all written in course of 2 years and published simultaneously.

Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Trotsky, one of the Bolshevik leaders was among the first who recognized the problems of the Soviet military. He insisted on the formation of a military council that would function as an advisory body. Following this, he resigned on his former post and was appointed as a leader of Army and Navy Affairs, gaining full control of Red Army.

Earmuffs is patented

Young inventor Chester Greenwood of Farmington, Maine, patented a new device to keep ears warm in frost. He bended a piece of wire and asked his grandmother to saw two beaver fur pads which he attached to the wire. By his mid-twenties, he was selling 50,000 earmuffs yearly. March 13 is celebrated as a National Earmuff Day.

Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

The US House of Representatives charged Johnson with violation of the Tenure of Office Act. He removed the former Secretary of Law, Edwin Stanton, and replaced him with Lorenzo Thomas. Following this, Senate started the trial against the Johnson. It was the first impeachment of the President since the creation of the office.

"Uncle Sam" made his debut as a cartoon character

Uncle Sam is a common national personification of the American government or the United States. The actual origin is by a legend. Since the early 19th century, Uncle Sam has been a popular symbol of the US government in American culture and a manifestation of patriotic emotion.

British astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus

He was a musician, not a professional astronomer. But astronomy was his favorite hobby. In 1781 Herschel was looking for double stars and noticed an object appearing as a disk. He originally thought it was a comet. Later Russian Academician Anders Lexell computed the orbit and found it to be planetary.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1985

Emile Hirsch

born 1955

Glenne Headly