Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Toy R Us files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy

In 2018, the company announced that it would close all of its U.S. and British stores. The British locations closed in April and the U.S. locations in June. The Australian wing of Toys "R" Us closed all of its stores in August. Operations in other international markets such as Asia and Africa were less affected.


World's oldest golf club votes to admit women as members

Members of Muirfield voted 80.2% in favour of updating their membership policy and admitting women as members of the club. Before this change, women were only allowed to play the course and visit the club as guests and visitors. Muirfield is one of the golf courses used in rotation for The Open Championship.

Irish Coast Guard helicopter crashes

In the early hours, a Sikorsky S-92 helicopter crashed into the sea while supporting a rescue operation off County Mayo, on Ireland′s west coast. All four crew members on board were killed.

Amtrak derailment

This is a list of significant accidents and incidents involving Amtrak, which has operated most intercity rail passenger service in the United States since 1971.

ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter is launched from Baikonur

The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter is a collaborative project between the European Space Agency and Roscosmos that sent an atmospheric research orbiter and the Schiaparelli demonstration lander to Mars in 2016 as part of the European-led ExoMars programme.

President Putin orders Russian troops out of Syria

After several months of the Russian military intervention in Syria, Putin announced the mission to be accomplished. With this statement, he ordered a withdrawal of forces from the country, however, without giving a deadline for its completion. Russian military bases were said to continue operating in the area to monitor the ceasefire.

'Sausage Party' premieres at the SXSW

Sausage Party is a 2016 American-Canadian adult computer-animated stoner comedy film directed by Greg Tiernan and Conrad Vernon and written by Kyle Hunter, Ariel Shaffir, Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg from a story by Rogen, Goldberg and Jonah Hill. It stars the voices of Rogen, Kristen Wiig, Hill, Bill Hader, Michael Cera, and James Franco.

Robert Durst, the subject of the HBO series The Jinx, is arrested

Durst was arrested in New Orleans on a first-degree murder warrant signed by a Los Angeles judge in relation to the Berman killing. In 2016, he was transferred to California and soon after was arraigned in Los Angeles on first-degree murder charges.

'Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike' opens on Broadway

Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike is a comedy play written by Christopher Durang, revolving around the relationships of 3 middle-aged siblings. The play opened on Broadway at the John Golden Theater after 9 days of previews. The production won a number of awards, including the Tony Award for Best Play.

Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People's Republic of China

Xi Jinping rose from the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party to a presidency. He was elected after being voted for by the People's Congress in Beijing. He replaced Jintao, who served two terms. Since then, the limit for the presidency has been abolished, allowing him to become a de facto dictator for unlimited time.

Tibetan unrest

The 2008 Tibetan unrest was a series of riots, protests, and demonstrations that started in the Tibetan regional capital of Lhasa. Casualty estimates vary; the Chinese government claimed that 23 people were killed during the riots themselves, and the Tibetan government-in-exile claimed that 203 were killed in the aftermath.

Tupac Shakur releases 'Me Against The World'

"Me Against the World" is the third studio album by American hip hop artist 2Pac. It was released in March 1995 on the Interscope Records label. Drawing lyrical inspiration from his impending prison sentence, troubles with the police, and poverty, the record is described as 2Pac's most introspective album.

Linux 1.0.0 is released

Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel. Typically, Linux is packaged in a form known as a Linux distribution for both desktop and server use. The defining component of a Linux distribution is the Linux operating system kernel.

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

Gorbachev was elected as first and the only President of the Soviet Union. He was chosen by Congress of People's deputies, after gaining 59% of their votes. Following this, he chose a council of 15 politicians, thus creating his own political support base, independent of conservatives and radical reformers.

LOT Polish Airlines Flight 7 crashes

LOT Flight 7 was an Ilyushin Il-62 that crashed near Okęcie Airport in Warsaw, Poland, as the crew aborted a landing and attempted to go-around. All 87 crew and passengers died. It was caused by the disintegration of one of the turbine discs in one of the plane's engines, leading to uncontained engine failure.

Singer Linda Jones dies at 27

Linda Jones was an American soul singer with a strong gospel-influenced style. Soon after the end of her national tour, she died at her mother's home at the age of 27 while resting between matinee and evening shows at New York City's Apollo Theater in Harlem. She had been a diabetic for most of her life and slipped into a coma while sleeping.

Cliff Richard & The Shadows are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Summer Holiday" is a song recorded by Cliff Richard and The Shadows, written by rhythm guitarist Bruce Welch and drummer Brian Bennett. It is taken from the film of the same name and was released as the second single from the film in February 1963. It went to #1 in the UK Singles Chart for a total of three weeks.

Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

The signing of Munich Agreement left Czechoslovakia weak and powerless against the subsequent occupation. German Wehrmacht moved in, seizing the power over the country. It was divided into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Slovak State and Carpathian Ukraine, while Poland and Hungary annexed some areas.

American astronaut Eugene Cernan is born

He flew to space three times. His first mission was Gemini 9A, after the unfortunate death of the original crew in a T-38 crash. In 1969 Cernan flew as a lunar module pilot in Apollo 10. He descended from orbit to 15.6 km of the lunar surface. In 1972, Cernan flew as a commander of the last mission to the Moon, Apollo 17.

Pan American Airlines incorporates

Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways, was the principal and largest international air carrier and unofficial flag carrier of the United States from 1927 until its collapse in 1991. It was founded in 1927 as a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida and Havana, Cuba.

U.S. Congress ratifies the Gold Standard, backing dollar with gold

The Gold Standard Act of the United States established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism. It was signed by President William McKinley. The Gold Standard Act confirmed the United States' commitment to the gold standard by assigning gold a specific dollar value.

Zeppelin is patented

German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his rigid airship in the United States. His design was so successful that the rigid airships became commonly known as zeppelins. In the Great War, they were used for bombing. After the war, zeppelins served as luxurious airliners, capable even of transatlantic flights.

Cotton gin

American inventor Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibres from their seeds. His device allowed greater productivity than manual cotton separation. It revolutionized the cotton industry in the United States, but also led to the growth of slavery in the American South.

Bedřich Smetana's 'Vyšehrad' premieres

Vyšehrad is the first poem from Má vlast, which is a set of six symphonic poems. The poem, composed between the end of September and 18 November 1874, describes the Vyšehrad castle in Prague. It is the only piece in the cycle to be mostly completed before Smetana began to go noticeably deaf.

Rossini's 'Petite Messe Solennelle' premieres in Paris

Petite messe solennelle was written in 1863, possibly at the request of Count Alexis Pillet-Will for his wife Louise to whom it is dedicated. The extended work is a missa solemnis, but Rossini labeled it, not without irony, petite (little). He scored it originally for twelve singers, four of them soloists, two pianos and harmonium.

Premiere of Verdi's 'Macbeth' at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

Macbeth is an opera in four acts based on William Shakespeare's play of the same name. It was Verdi's tenth opera and was the first Shakespeare play that Verdi adapted for the operatic stage. Macbeth came before the great successes of 1850 to 1853 which propelled him into universal fame.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1988

Stephen Curry

died 1883

Karl Marx

born 1969

Mary Cheney