Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Claire's files for chapter 11 bankruptcy in the US

Claire’s, an American retailer of accessories, jewelry, and toy, announced that it had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection for its US operations in a court in Delaware. They said they managed to reach an agreement with creditors to restructure their debt. The agreement provided them with about $575 of new capital.

A woman dies after being hit by a self-driving car operated by Uber

Elaine Herzberg was struck by the self-driving Uber Volvo XC90 taxi when she was crossing Mill Avenue in Phoenix, Arizona. She was taken to the hospital where she died of her injuries. It was the first time a self-driving car killed a pedestrian. Uber immediately suspended testing of self-driving vehicles in Arizona.

Taksim attack

Suicide bombing took place at popular shopping area of İstiklal Avenue, in Istanbul. Attacked detonated the bomb while passing a group of tourists. Four people, excluding the attacker, died and 36 more were injured. Further investigation led the Turkish authorities to hold the Islamic state accountable for the attack.

Flydubai Flight 981 crashes

A scheduled international passenger flight from Dubai International Airport to Rostov-on-Don Airport in Russia missed the first approach. Due to weather conditions, they had to enter a holding pattern for 2 hours. After the second one was aborted, the plane crashed onto the runway. The resulting explosion killed everyone aboard.

"Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" first premieres in Mexico City

The premiere in Mexico City took place at the Auditorio Nacional. With the sales of $5.8 million, including midnight showings, it had the biggest opening day for Warner Bros. Overall, it earned $36 million in Mexico. Despite the profit, it was considered a disappointment, receiving generally unfavorable reviews from critics.

The first Broadway revival of "The Heidi Chronicles" opens

The Heidi Chronicles is a 1988 drama play by Wendy Wasserstein about Heidi Holland and the changing role of women through 1960s to 1980s. The Broadway revival of the play opened at the Music Box Theatre. Elisabeth Moss appeared in the main role, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.

Toyota is ordered to pay $1.2 billion to settle U.S. probe

In order to resolve a criminal probe into safety issues, Toyota Motor Corp was ordered to pay $1.2 billion. The settlement with Toyota marked a huge victory for safety advocates who called for criminal prosecution of car companies over safety violations. It was the first federal criminal case of its kind since US auto safety law.


Sørensen admits in a press release that he utilised EPO and cortisone

Rolf Sørensen is a former Danish professional road bicycle racer. Sørensen had a successful career, with trophies from Tour of Flanders, Paris-Brussels and others. Several years later, Sørensen admitted his use of doping, stating he did what he felt compelled to do to be an equal among peers.


Michael Owen announces his retirement from football

An English former footballer, Michael Owen announced he planned to retire from football at the end of the 2012-13 season. Owen spent his last season playing for Stoke City on a one-year contract. During his career, he played as a striker for Liverpool, Real Madrid, Newcastle United, and Manchester United.

Curiosity extends evidence of water-bearing minerals when studying the rock Tintina

Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore the crater Gale on Mars as part of NASA’s mission. During the exploration, the wheels of rover crushed a rock which contained hydrated minerals. The rock Tintina, as scientists named it, is another on the list of water evidence at the area.

The first time a sitting President has appeared on a late night talk show

The Tonight Show with Jay Leno is an American late-night talk show filled with comedy routines, interviews and performances. Roughly 2 months after he assumed office, President Barack Obama appeared on the show. He came under fire for a remark he made about the Special Olympics after Leno congratulated him on his low bowling score.

A revival of "West Side Story" opens on Broadway

West Side Story is a musical by Leonard Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim and Arthur Laurents. It was inspired by Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet. The 2009 Broadway Revival opened at the Palace Theatre. Karen Olivo won Tony Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Featured Role in a Musical for her performance as Anita.

Gamma-ray burst visible by naked eye

At 06:12 UTC the Swift satellite detected from Earth’s orbit a very strong gamma-ray burst. It was accompanied by visible light, which was observable without any special equipment. The distance of its source was calculated to be 7.5 billion light-years from a solar system. That makes it the farthest object visible to the naked eye in history.

"Avenue Q" opens at the Vineyard Theatre

Avenue Q is a musical comedy by Robert Lopez, Jeff Marx and Jeff Whitty. In addition to human actors, the show features puppets. It premiered on Off-Broadway, at Vineyard Theatre, in co-production by the Vineyard Theatre and The New Group. It won the Lucille Lortel Award for Best Musical and Outstanding Sound Design.

"The Simpsons" predicts Trump presidency

Bart to the Future is the 17th episode of the 11th season of The Simpsons. The plot of the episode revolves around Bart and Native American who shows him a vision of the future. The story makes a reference to the presidency of Donald Trump, for which it attracted renewed attention during the 2016 presidential election campaigns.

A Broadway revival of "Cabaret" opens

Cabaret is a 1966 musical by John Kander, Fred Ebb and Joe Masteroff, based on John Van Druten’s play I Am a Camera. The second Broadway revival of the musical opened at the Kit Kat Klub, a house in Henry Miller’s Theatre, now known as Stephen Sondheim Theatre. It won Tony Award for Best Revival of Musical in addition to several others.


Michael Jordan ends his 17 month retirement

Michael Jordan is an American former professional basketball player. In 1993, Jordan retired from basketball, citing he lost a desire to play the game and started with baseball. During the ongoing Major League Baseball strike in 1995, Jordan announced his return to the NBA, specifically his former club, Chicago Bulls.

American sitcom about unmarried independent woman ends

The Mary Tyler Moore Show is an American TV sitcom starring Mary Tyler Moore as Mary Richards, an independent woman focused on her career. The 168th episode called “The Last Show” aired on CBS and it was the last episode of the series. It won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series.

Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Camino Real by Tennessee Williams is a play named after its setting, alluded to El Camino Real, a dead-end place in a Spanish-speaking town with sporadic transportation to the outside world. The play deals with coming to terms with the thought of growing older and becoming irrelevant.

American Academy Awards are televised for the first time

The 25th annual ceremony, also known as Oscars took place at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood and the NBC International Theatre in NYC. It was the first to be televised and held simultaneously at Hollywood and NYC. It was hosted by Conrad Nagel, Bob Hope in Hollywood and Fredric March in NYC.

Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

The Nero Decree ordered the destruction of German infrastructure to prevent their use by Allied forces as they penetrated deep into Germany at the end of WWII. Albert Speer, Hitler's Minister of Armaments and War Production, was responsible for carrying the decree out. 42 days after issuing the order, Hitler committed suicide.

Mexican chemist Mario J. Molina is born

He is one of the people who discovered the ozone hole. Molina joined the lab of American chemist Sherwood Rowland in 1973. They were both interested study of chemical properties of atoms with, and only with, excess translational energy owing to radioactive processes. In 1974 they described the process of ozone breakdown catalyzed by chlorofluorocarbons.

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a steel through arch bridge that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic. It was designed and built by British firm Dorman Long and Co. The opening was accompanied by speeches by the Governor of New South Wales and the Minister for Public Works.

Nevada legalizes gambling

Most forms of gambling were legalized in Nevada by Assembly Bill 98. This provided a source of income for the state and helped lure in investors. Since laws on gambling were more strict in rest of the US, Las Vegas became an attractive place for certain figures and rapidly developed in following years.


Baseball player Richie Ashburn is born

Richie Ashburn was a center fielder in MLB. During his career, he played for Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs, and New York Mets. After ending his career as a player, he became a radio and TV commentator for the Phillies. In 1995, he was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Daylight saving time in the U. S.

American Congress established time zones and approved daylight saving time. The main goal of its introduction was energy saving. By synchronously resetting all clocks in a region to one hour ahead of standard time all the inhabitants of that region gain an extra hour of daylight. This means that they do not use electric lights and many other machines.

The U.S. Supreme Court uphold the 8-hour work day

The constitutionality of Adamson Act had been upheld by the US Supreme Court. The act was a federal law passed in 1916. It established an 8-hour long workday and promised additional pay for working overtime. The decision to upheld the act stopped the railway unions in their preparations to go on strike.

British archaeologist John Marshall is born

He served as a Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India from 1902 to 1928 and oversaw the excavations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. These two cities belonged to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of cradles of civilised society and the most widespread one.

Antônio Carlos Gomes' "The Guarany" premieres in Milan

The Guarany is an opera ballo composed by Antônio Carlos Gomes, based on the José de Alencae's novel O Guarani. Its libretto was written by Antonio Scalvini and Carlo D'Ormeville. The opera was the 1st Brazilian opera to gain praise outside Brasil.

Charles Gounod's opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris

Mireille is an opera in 5 acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Michel Carré, based on the Frédéric Mistral's poem Mireio. The opera takes place in the 19th Century Provance. It premiered at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris.

Charles Gounod's opera "Faust" premieres in Paris

Faust is a grand opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré. The opera is loosely based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, Part One. It debuted at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris.

Boston, Massachusetts is incorporated as a city

The inhabitants of Boston voted to change the official name from the Town of Boston to the City of Boston, and the people of Boston approved the charter incorporating the City. At that time, Boston's population was about 46,226 and its area was 4.7 square miles.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1958

Andy Reid

born 1955

Bruce Willis

born 1947

Glenn Close