Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Berlin helicopter crashes

2 helicopters of the German Federal Police collided while landing in front of Berlin Olympic Stadium, Germany, in whiteout conditions. One crew member was killed and nine other people, both on board the helicopters and on the ground, were injured. The German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Investigation and federal attorneys investigated the accident.

Trans Air Congo Antonov An-12 crashes

An Antonov An-12 of Trans Air Congo, registration TN-AGK, crashed on approach to Pointe Noire Airport, Republic of the Congo. 23 people were killed; all four crew members and 19 others on the ground. The aircraft involved had been listed as 'not airworthy' in 2006 by the ICAO. The flight had been cleared to land at the Pointe-Noire airport, and was on approach to the runway when the crash occurred.

Police officers are killed in California

Four Californian police officers were fatally shot by Lovelle Mixon. Subsequently, Mixon was killed as other officers on the team returned fire. It was the deadliest attack on California police officers since the Newhall massacre in 1970.

Twitter launches with the first tweet by co-founder Jack Dorsey

Twitter is an online news and social networking service where users post and interact with messages, known as "tweets." It was created by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams. It was one of the ten most-visited websites and has been described as "the SMS of the Internet".

'Deadwood' is released on HBO

Deadwood is the first episode of the first season of the HBO original series of the same name. The episode was written by David Milch and directed by Walter Hill. Director Walter Hill won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for Deadwood, while writer David Milch received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series nomination.

Broadway revival of 'Nine' starts previews

The Roundabout Theatre Company produced a Broadway revival with director Leveaux and choreographer Butterell. It opened at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre, where it ran for 283 performances and 23 previews and won two Tony Awards, including Best Revival of a Musical.

Government regulates tobacco as an addictive drug

Supreme Court, rejecting the Clinton administration's unprecedented effort to control how cigarettes are sold and marketed in the United States, has ruled that the Food and Drug Administration lacks the power to regulate tobacco.

Non-stop balloon flight around the world

Swiss Bertrand Piccard and Englishman Brian Jones completed the first non-stop flight around the world in a balloon. Their vessel was called the Breitling Orbiter after the sponsor company Breitling. It was the third balloon of that name. First two failed to complete the circumnavigation. The flight took 20 days.

'Schindler’s List' wins 7 awards including the Best Picture

Often listed among the greatest films ever made, it was also a box office success, earning $322 million worldwide on a $22 million budget. It was the recipient of seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Original Score, as well as numerous other awards.


Ron Tugnutt performs one of the best goaltending games in history

Ron Tugnutt successfully stopped 70 of 73 shots to earn the Quebec Nordiques a 3-3 tie against the Boston Bruins. It was the 2nd highest number of saves made in a regular season game in NHL history. The hometown Bruins fans gave Tugnutt a standing ovation after the game ended.

'Cat on a Hot Tin Roof' returns to Broadway

The revival featured Kathleen Turner, who was nominated for a Tony for her performance as Maggie, though New York magazine called her "hopelessly lost ... in this limp production." Charles Durning, as Big Daddy, received a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play. Daniel Hugh Kelly was Brick, and Polly Holliday was Big Mama. Holliday also was nominated for a Tony.


Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs

The fight between Mike Tyson and Tony Tubbs ended at the end of round 2. Tyson landed a left hook to the side of Tubbs' head, and Tubbs collapsed to the mat. Referee Arthur Mercante stopped the fight and awarded Tyson the victory via technical knockout.

The 15th Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 1970 was the 15th Eurovision Song Contest, held in March 1970 at the RAI Congrescentrum in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Amsterdam contest is regarded as one of the most significant in Eurovision history for a number of reasons. Ireland won with eighteen-year-old Dana and a song called "All Kinds of Everything".

The first San Diego Comic-Con International opens at U.S. Grant Hotel

San Diego Comic-Con International is a multigenre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, California. When comics fan Sheldon Dorf moved to San Diego in 1970, he organized a one-day convention called Golden State Comic-Minicon in March 1970, "as a kind of 'dry run' for the larger convention he hoped to stage."

The 9th Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 1964 was the ninth edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, after the country's victory in the 1963 edition. Italy won the contest for the first time scoring 49 points with the song "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti.

Beatles' single 'She Loves You' goes #1 in the US

"She Loves You" is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and recorded by the Beatles for release as a single in 1963. The single set and surpassed several records in the United Kingdom charts, and set a record in the United States as one of the five Beatles songs that held the top 5 positions in the charts simultaneously in April 1964.

Alcatraz prison closes

As Alcatraz faced high maintenance costs and a bad reputation, it was closed. The prison was designed to hold prisoners who caused trouble at other federal prisons. It had existed for 29 years, housing criminals such as Al Capone, Robert Franklin Stroud, George Kelly, Bumpy Johnson, or Mickey Cohen.

Tennessee Williams' 'Orpheus Descending' premieres in NYC

Orpheus Descending is a rewrite of Williams's play „Battle of Angels“ from 1940. It is a modernized retelling of the ancient Greek legend about Orpheus. The play premiered and ran briefly on Broadway with modest success. It later had 2 movie adaptations and also appeared as two-act opera by Bruce Saylor and J. D. McClatchy.

US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835

The Executive Order 9835 established the first general loyalty program in the USA, designed to root out communist influence in the U.S. federal government. The order was mostly the result of increasing Cold War tensions. It allowed the departmental loyalty boards to conduct loyalty screenings of federal employees.


Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon

Joe Louis knocked out Abe Simon in the 13th round. The fight took place at the Olympia Stadium, Detroit, with a total of 18,908 fans watching. Referee of the fight was Sam Hennessy. Louis and Simon fought each other again 1 year later at Madison Square Garden, New York City.

Persia is officially renamed Iran

Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West. Reza Shah Pahlavi requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, Iran. Nowadays, the names Iran and Persia are often used interchangeably, however Iran is the legal name.

American astronomer Halton Arp is born

He is known for challenging the theory that redshifts of quasars indicate their great distance. Quasars are considered to be farthest objects in the known universe because their light has increased wavelength (hence it looks redder). Arp and his colleagues proposed that there were inconsistencies in the redshift observations, which could mean that the Big Bang theory itself is not correct.

Exclusion principle

Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli publishes his exclusion principle. It is a natural law that states that two identical fermions, one of two main types of elementary particles, cannot be in exactly the same state at the same time in a quantum system.The most known case of such fermions and system are electrons within an atom.

Beethoven's 'String Quartet No. 13' in B flat major premieres in Vienna

At its premiere, Beethoven's String Quartet was performed by Schuppanzigh Quartet. In order of composition, it is actually his 14th piece, however it was published as 13th. The original form was roughly 50 minutes long and unusually for quartets, consists of 6 movements. The first performance received mixed reactions.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous