Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Actress Elizabeth Taylor dies at 79

Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE was a British-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian who began her career as a child actress in the early 1940s. Taylor was diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 2004. 6 weeks after being hospitalized, she died of the illness at age 79 in March 2011, at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in L.A.

Barack Obama signed major health-care reform

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, nicknamed Obamacare, aimed to make health insurance affordable to more people, expand the Medicaid program, and support medical care methods designed to lower the costs of healthcare in general.

FedEx Express Flight 80

A McDonnell Douglas MD-11F plane crashed while attempting a landing on the runway in gusty wind conditions. The captain and first officer, the jet's only occupants, were both killed. Nobody on the ground was injured.

Texas City Refinery explosion

The Texas City Refinery explosion occurred, when a hydrocarbon vapor cloud was ignited and violently exploded at the ISOM isomerization process unit. The accident killed 15 workers and injured more than 180 others. The CSB report found that BP had failed to heed or implement safety recommendations made before the blast.

Usher releases his 4th studio album “Confessions”

Confessions is the fourth studio album by American singer Usher released in March 2004 by Arista Records. Recording sessions for the album took place during 2003 to 2004, with its production handled by his longtime collaborator Jermaine Dupri, along with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis and Lil Jon, among others.

Video game Far Cry is released

Far Cry is a first-person shooter video game developed by Crytek and published by Ubisoft. The game was released for Microsoft Windows in March 2004. It is the first installment in the Far Cry series, followed by 2008's Far Cry 2. Upon release, Far Cry was critically acclaimed, with praise directed towards the game's visuals, gameplay, and freedom.

Video game Anno 1503 is released

Anno 1503: The New World is a real-time strategy and city-building video game, part of the Anno series. It is developed by Max Design. It revolves around building and maintaining a 16th-century colony in the New World. It is the sequel to Anno 1602 and the predecessor to Anno 1701. The add-on Treasures, Monsters & Pirates was released in 2004.

The 75th Academy Awards are held

The 75th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the AMPAS, took place at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2002. Actor Steve Martin hosted for the second time, having previously presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001.

Russian space station Mir is deorbited

Space station Mir operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001. Russia’s commitments to the International Space Station project left no funding to support it. The station had to be destroyed. This was done by three engine burns of the Progress automatic cargo spacecraft docked to the station. Mir was the largest spacecraft ever to reenter the Earth's atmosphere.

Ricky Martin releases "Livin' la Vida Loca"

"Livin' la Vida Loca" is a number-one hit song by Puerto Rican singer Ricky Martin. It was released in March 1999, from Martin's self-titled debut English-language album. The song was composed by Desmond Child and Draco Rosa and topped the charts during 1999. La vida loca is Spanish for "the crazy life."

The 70th Academy Awards are held

The 70th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the AMPAS, took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. During the show, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 1997. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC and Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the sixth time.


Czech snowboarder and alpine skier Ester Ledecká is born

At the 2018 Winter Olympic Games Ester Ledecká won gold medals in the super-G in alpine skiing and in the parallel giant slalom in snowboarding. She is the 1st person to win 2 gold medals at the same Winter Olympics using two different types of equipment.


Wayne Gretzky scores 802nd goal breaking record of his idol Gordie Howe

Playing for the Los Angeles Kings, Wayne Gretzky broke the NHL record for goals scored in a match against the Vancouver Canucks. It took him 15 seasons to reach the record. He then went on to score 92 more times before retiring with 894 goals.

US President Ronald Reagan introduces Strategic Defense Initiative

The Strategic Defense Initiative was a proposed missile defense system intended to protect the USA from attack by ballistic strategic nuclear weapons, as Ronald Reagan was a vocal critic of the doctrine of mutual assured destruction. The Initiative officially ended in 1993.

Wings release "Goodnight Tonight"

"Goodnight Tonight" is a single by the band Wings notable for its disco-inflected sound and spirited flamenco guitar break. "Goodnight Tonight" was an international hit, reaching number five on both the Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart.

The eighth Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 1963 was the 8th annual Eurovision Song Contest. The contest was held in London, U.K. France had won the 1962 edition with the right to host this following one but were unable to, due to financial shortcomings. The contest was won by Denmark with the song "Dansevise", performed by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann.


The fastest hattrick in NHL history

Bill Mosienko, a former ice hockey right winger, is well known for recording the fastest hat trick in NHL history. In a game between the Chicago Black Hawks and the New York Rangers, Mosienko scored 3 goals in 21 seconds.


Maurice Richard ties playoff record with five goals

Maurice Richard scored all of the Montreal Canadiens' goals in 5–1 victory against the Toronto Maple Leafs in Game 2 of the Stanley Cup Semifinals. This was the 1st time in the modern era when a player scored five goals in a playoff game.

Enabling Act

An enabling act is a piece of legislation by which a legislative body grants an entity which depends on it the power to take certain actions. For example, enabling acts often establish government agencies to carry out specific government policies in a modern nation. The effects of enabling acts from different times and places vary widely.

Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Party, originally consisting of 200 members. His movement gained the support of many unemployed war veterans, who he organized into armed groups known as Black Shirts. In 1921, the party was invited to join the coalition government.

German engineer Wernher von Braun is born

He is known as the leading figure in the development of early rocket technology. Broun developed infamous V-2 rocket during World War II. After the war, he has moved to the United States, as part of Operation Paperclip. He became a principal architect of the Saturn V rocket, which took humans to the Moon.

Director Akira Kurosawa is born

Akira Kurosawa was a Japanese film director and screenwriter, who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years. He is regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema. In 1990, he accepted the Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement.

German psychologist Erich Fromm is born

He was first influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories but later he started to think that beyond the description of the unconscious. He was interested how conditions of the society and economy affect human behavior. Fromm believed psychoanalytic principles could be applied to remedy cultural ills. His point of view was close to Marxism.

Discovery of the Mariana Trench

British expedition aboard survey ship HMS Challenger found the deepest place on Earth. The Mariana Trench is around 200 km to the east of the Mariana Islands in the Western Pacific. It is a place where two massive plates of oceanic crust collide. The deepest part of the trench is called Challenger Deep. It lies 10 994 meters under ocean level.

The first elevator is installed in New York

The world's 1st successful passenger elevator was installed in the E.V. Haughwout Building, in Manhattan, New York City. The elevator, a hydraulic lift, was designed for the building by Elisha Graves Otis. It was powered by a steam-engine installed in the basement.

Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"

Patrick Henry made a speech to the Second Virginia Convention and helped convince it to pass a resolution delivering Virginian troops for the Revolutionary War. Among the delegates to the convention were future U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.

George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

After its premiere in London, at the Covent Garden theater, the initial reception of play by the public was modest. This lead Handel to make several changes in music. It eventually gained popularity and became most frequently performed choral work in Western music. The work is divided into 3 parts and has a total of 53 movements.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1976

Keri Russell

born 1992

Kyrie Irving

born 1966

Marin Hinkle