Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Carcassonne and Trèbes attack

A series of Islamist terrorist attacks happened in the towns of Carcassonne and Trèbes in southern France. Redouane Lakdim, a 25-year-old French-Moroccan shot the two occupants of a car in Carcassonne, killing the passenger and hijacking it. He then opened fire on 4 police officers, seriously wounding one. Lakdim drove to nearby Trèbes, where he stormed a Super U supermarket, killing two civilians, wounding others, and taking at least one hostage.

'Miss Saigon' returns to Broadway

The production starred Eva Noblezada as Kim, Jon Jon Briones as The Engineer, Alistair Brammer as Chris, and Rachelle Ann Go as Gigi, all reprising their roles from the West End revival. Other cast members included Katie Rose Clarke as Ellen, Nicholas Christopher as John, and Devin Ilaw as Thuy. A U.S. national tour is planned thereafter. The revival played at the Broadway Theatre, the same venue the show played at for its Broadway debut.

Broadway revival of 'Les Misérables' opens

The show returned to Broadway at the Imperial Theatre. The creative team includes the direction of Laurence Connor and James Powell, the set design by Matt Kinley, costumes by Andreane Neofitou and Christine Rowlands, lighting by Paule Constable, sound by Mick Potter and projections by Fifty-Nine Productions. Cameron Mackintosh once again produced the show.

Actress Elizabeth Taylor dies at 79

Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE was a British-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian who began her career as a child actress in the early 1940s. Taylor was diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 2004. 6 weeks after being hospitalized, she died of the illness at age 79 in March 2011, at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in L.A.

Jerusalem bus stop bombing

The Jerusalem bus bombing was a bomb attack carried out in a bus station in downtown Jerusalem, near the Jerusalem International Convention Center compound. The bomb was placed near a bus stop, and detonated when Egged bus No.74 passed the station. The explosion killed 2 people. The bombing also injured 39 people.

Barack Obama signed major health-care reform

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, nicknamed Obamacare, aimed to make health insurance affordable to more people, expand the Medicaid program, and support medical care methods designed to lower the costs of healthcare in general.

FedEx Express Flight 80

A McDonnell Douglas MD-11F plane crashed while attempting a landing on the runway in gusty wind conditions. The captain and first officer, the jet's only occupants, were both killed. Nobody on the ground was injured.

Texas City Refinery explosion

The Texas City Refinery explosion occurred, when a hydrocarbon vapor cloud was ignited and violently exploded at the ISOM isomerization process unit. The accident killed 15 workers and injured more than 180 others. The CSB report found that BP had failed to heed or implement safety recommendations made before the blast.

Usher releases his fourth studio album 'Confessions'

Confessions is the fourth studio album by American singer Usher released in March 2004 by Arista Records. Recording sessions for the album took place during 2003 to 2004, with its production handled by his longtime collaborator Jermaine Dupri, along with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis and Lil Jon, among others.

'Chicago' wins six Oscars

The 75th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the AMPAS, took place at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 2002. Actor Steve Martin hosted for the second time, having previously presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001.

Russian space station Mir is deorbited

Space station Mir operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001. Russia’s commitments to the International Space Station project left no funding to support it. The station had to be destroyed. This was done by three engine burns of the Progress automatic cargo spacecraft docked to the station. Mir was the largest spacecraft ever to reenter the Earth's atmosphere.

'Aida' opens at the Palace Theatre

The musical, now titled Elton John and Tim Rice's Aida, premiered on Broadway at the Palace Theatre and closed after 30 previews and 1,852 performances. The run puts it at the 39th longest run in Broadway history. The Broadway production was directed by Robert Falls and choreographed by Wayne Cilento, with scenery and costume design by Bob Crowley, lighting design by Natasha Katz, and sound design by Steve C. Kennedy.

Ricky Martin releases 'Livin' la Vida Loca'

"Livin' la Vida Loca" is a number-one hit song by Puerto Rican singer Ricky Martin. It was released in March 1999, from Martin's self-titled debut English-language album. The song was composed by Desmond Child and Draco Rosa and topped the charts during 1999. La vida loca is Spanish for "the crazy life."

The 70th Academy Awards are held

The 70th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the AMPAS, took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. During the show, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories honoring films released in 1997. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC and Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the sixth time.


Wayne Gretzky scores 802nd goal breaking record of his idol Gordie Howe

Playing for the Los Angeles Kings, Wayne Gretzky broke the NHL record for goals scored in a match against the Vancouver Canucks. It took him 15 seasons to reach the record. He then went on to score 92 more times before retiring with 894 goals.

'Police Academy' premieres in USA

Police Academy is a comedy movie directed by Hugh Wilson, and starring Steve Guttenberg, Kim Cattrall, and G.W. Bailey. It grossed approximately $146 million worldwide and spawned 6 more films in the Police Academy series. The movie opened in the number 1 spot in 1,587 U.S. theaters to a first weekend total gross of $8.6 million.

US President Ronald Reagan introduces Strategic Defense Initiative

The Strategic Defense Initiative was a proposed missile defense system intended to protect the USA from attack by ballistic strategic nuclear weapons, as Ronald Reagan was a vocal critic of the doctrine of mutual assured destruction. The Initiative officially ended in 1993.

Wings release 'Goodnight Tonight'

"Goodnight Tonight" is a single by the band Wings notable for its disco-inflected sound and spirited flamenco guitar break. "Goodnight Tonight" was an international hit, reaching number five on both the Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart.

The eighth Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 1963 was the 8th annual Eurovision Song Contest. The contest was held in London, U.K. France had won the 1962 edition with the right to host this following one but were unable to, due to financial shortcomings. The contest was won by Denmark with the song "Dansevise", performed by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann.


The fastest hattrick in NHL history

Bill Mosienko, a former ice hockey right winger, is well known for recording the fastest hat trick in NHL history. In a game between the Chicago Black Hawks and the New York Rangers, Mosienko scored 3 goals in 21 seconds.


Maurice Richard ties playoff record with five goals

Maurice Richard scored all of the Montreal Canadiens' goals in 5–1 victory against the Toronto Maple Leafs in Game 2 of the Stanley Cup Semifinals. This was the 1st time in the modern era when a player scored five goals in a playoff game.

Enabling Act

An enabling act is a piece of legislation by which a legislative body grants an entity which depends on it the power to take certain actions. For example, enabling acts often establish government agencies to carry out specific government policies in a modern nation. The effects of enabling acts from different times and places vary widely.

Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Party, originally consisting of 200 members. His movement gained the support of many unemployed war veterans, who he organized into armed groups known as Black Shirts. In 1921, the party was invited to join the coalition government.

German psychologist Erich Fromm is born

He was first influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories but later he started to think that beyond the description of the unconscious. He was interested how conditions of the society and economy affect human behavior. Fromm believed psychoanalytic principles could be applied to remedy cultural ills. His point of view was close to Marxism.

Discovery of the Mariana Trench

British expedition aboard survey ship HMS Challenger found the deepest place on Earth. The Mariana Trench is around 200 km to the east of the Mariana Islands in the Western Pacific. It is a place where two massive plates of oceanic crust collide. The deepest part of the trench is called Challenger Deep. It lies 10 994 meters under ocean level.

The first elevator is installed in New York

The world's 1st successful passenger elevator was installed in the E.V. Haughwout Building, in Manhattan, New York City. The elevator, a hydraulic lift, was designed for the building by Elisha Graves Otis. It was powered by a steam-engine installed in the basement.

Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"

Patrick Henry made a speech to the Second Virginia Convention and helped convince it to pass a resolution delivering Virginian troops for the Revolutionary War. Among the delegates to the convention were future U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.

Handel's oratorio 'Messiah' premieres in London

After its premiere in London, at the Covent Garden theater, the initial reception of play by the public was modest. This lead Handel to make several changes in music. It eventually gained popularity and became most frequently performed choral work in Western music. The work is divided into 3 parts and has a total of 53 movements.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous